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Ebola [OFFICIAL THREAD]

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(salam)

 

1800 22Aug14

 

the Telegraph, "Ebola Scare Shuts Down Police Cells for 8 Hours" , 22Aug14, 1658 BST

--in Exeter, England, the city center jails were closed, so arrestees were taken else where.

 

--WHO:  death toll as of Friday, 1427

 

National Public Radio, 22Aug14 "A Food Crisis Follows Africa's Ebola Crisis"

 

--some public markets are completely empty

 

--last years crops are finishing, such as rice, etc

 

--but because agriculture is mostly communal, next year's crop is not being planted.

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(salam)

 

blu115 from your post #4, Think you'll Iike this:

--KDWN Radio 720, AP 24Aug14, "Ebola outbreak revives interest in The Hot Zone"

 

 

Other:

 

"As Patients, colleagues drop..." , Dallas Morning News, 22Aug14 --129 healthcare workers have died according to WHO [cf post 43 above]

 

"Patient with Ebola Symptoms Hospitalized in Bolivia" RIA-NOVOSTI, 24Aug14 --had traveled in West Africa

 

MacKay Daily Mercury (Austrailia) APN, 24Aug14 "Austrailia commits $1m to West Africa to halt Ebola outbreak"

 

"an extra $1million" over the $20 million to WHO , announced by For. Min. Bishop and Health Minister Dutton

 

Opine:   :lol:  What with these people -like the Worthless Washingtonians we have- that they are so shameless??????

 

Ref to post 57 above, do these _____s actually imagine that President Ernest Bai Koroma's appeal was some kind of minstrel show?

This is no less shameless than the American gov't  "Chinese fire drill" like reaction.

Edited by hasanhh

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(salam)

Sunday,24Aug14:

 

ref to post 56: ABC News, "Nigerian doctors suspend strike over Ebola threat", 24Aug14, 0752EDT

--to return to work Monday (the 25th)

--strike began 01July14

--NMA "demands" the gov't restart residing program that was suspended 13Aug (for medical residents)

--all cases of Ebola in Nigeria "trace back to (Patric) Sawyer

 

"British Citizen with Ebola Evacuated from Sierra Leone", Voice of America, 24Aug14, 1222EDT

--taken to Free Royal Hospital

 

"UN health agency announces first staff Ebola infection", Medical Press, AFP (~1245hrs)

--an epidemiologist; no personal info given out by WHO

--also, 225 healthcare workers have been infected, 130 Dead

 

"Ebola: cargo con 69 tonnellate di auiti per la Liberia [FOTO]", Metro Web .eu, 24 agosto 2014

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(salam)

 

--note: the DRC deaths are in Equitorium Provence

 

AFKInsider [fr: Business Insider] "Phillippines Pulls Out...", 24Aug14

--under "mandatory" evacuation, the Phillippine gov't is ordering out all nationals from West Afrika; 3500 workers

--148 of these are UN Peacekeepers

 

Nigerian Tribune, "Ebola Virus: US donates $500,000 screening equipment to Lagos airport...", 25Aug14

 

1]--US Consul-General in Nigeria, Jeff Hawkins, "...said that the donation was a symbol of willingness on the part of the American government to assist Nigeria to combat the scourge." (italics added --ed.)

opine: let us see a little more "donation" and less symbolism

-------the donation is infrared thermometers for temperature screening

 

2]--FRSC -Federal Road Safety Commission [Nigeria] has advised motorists and transporters not to overload their vehicles. This is against Nigerian law already, but this will also facilitate Ebola transmission

 

3]--FOMWAN -the Federation of Muslim Women Organization in Nigeria-- Orgun State Chapter : is holding educational rallies about Ebola :yaali:

4]-- from the Nigerian delta region: quote: "The pandemonium orchestrated by the rumor of a suspected Ebola virus patient in Delta State over the weekend, has been debunked by the state government." [speaks for itself and a prophecy --ed]

 

5] The Yaba Local Council Development Area is running a personal and public sanitation campaign

 

6] Opine for the following:  :yaali:

 

--Wellcome Trust (the World's 2nd largest charity -ed.) and Dangote Foundation have begun a 40 million UK pounds initial investment for "medium and long term" assistance to combat Ebola

 

--Wellcome Trust is also with the UK's Department for International Development (in a short term) 6.5 million UK pounds for "...epidemiology, clinical management, ethics, diagnosis, disease control and prevention, health systems and surveillance."

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(salam)

 

Mon25Aug14:

 

Not a lot of new news, but this article is worth quoting at length:

 

Nassau News Live, "Aid Workers In Short Supply As Ebola Grips Liberia", 25Aug14

 

.   "Sheldon Yett is UNICEF's lead man in Liberia...He's seen firsthand how when disaster strikes a poor country, aid workers and experts from all over the world flood the zone. But with the Ebola epidemic, almost no one is answering the call".

.    "I'm astounded by how difficult it has been to get the partners we need", Yett says. "People are afraid. I can't convince my own staff to come. (underline add -ed.)

 

.    "One of the biggest shortages has been in care centers with Ebola. Last weekend ...(MSF)...opened a new center in Monrovia with 120 beds. (post 57 above, this in addition to the 35 and 40 bed centers in post 68 -ed.) They were filled almost immediately. The United Nations is promising to help add another 500 beds -but not for another six weeks, and the hunt is still on for doctors." (italics and underline added -ed.)

 

.     [Lindis Hurum, MSF emergency coordinator for Monrovia] "...says they've already brought in every available person they can...(what MSF does need) ...just enough to train the Liberians who would do most of the work."

 

.    "Even though working with Ebola patients is extremely dangerous, Brett Adamson, coordinator of the new (MSF -ed.)center says he's had no problem finding Liberians willing to step up." (Cf post 32 -staff abandoning hospitals. Opine: this is what that resignation in the face of near certain death does to change people) "It was quite surprising, considering the number of health care workers that have died, and so they've been amazing," Adamson says, "We recruited 50, 60, 70 staff in a day."

 

.    "Liberia's gov't recently set up an Ebola hotline for people to call with questions or ask for help. Barkue Tubman, who runs a public relations firm, helped set up the center with a Facebook (read NSA-CIA -ed) call-out for workers. On hiring day, Tubman says, "We walked out the gates and we saw about 1,000 people in pouring rain," she says."

 

.    "Liberians are also at the forefront of the work that .. is the real key to quashing the outbreak"  --that door-to-door work doing surveys, handing out food, etc

 

."    " Joyce Kilpo does this by delivering supplies..."

 

For complete article:

http://www.nassaunewslive.com/aid-workers-in-short-supply-as-ebola-grips-liberia/78091

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(salam)

 

:)   "Ebola Vaccine Successful in Animal Tests, Canadian Firm Says", Latin American Herald Tribune, Caracas, 26Aug14

.     ---4 macaques were given 2 shots of test vaccine then given Ebola-Zaire, no infections

.     ---tests conducted by the US National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases, part of the Nat'l Institute of Health

.     ---based on DepoVax technology

 

 

 

:sick:   "Liberia:  Dogs Feed on Ebola Victims", The New Dawn(Monrovia), via allAfrica.com, 26Aug14

.        --same as during the civil war

.        --Note:[as noted in posts above, dogs carry Ebola]

.        --this was discovered when people woke up in the morning

.        --"...the dogs could easily spread the virus through further interactions with community dwellers." [bold face added -ed.]

.        --several young men tried to kill the dogs but several got away

Edited by hasanhh

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(salam)

 

"Guidance for Safe Handling of Human Remains of Ebola Patients in US Hospitals and Mortuaries"

www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola

25Aug14

 

 

-Autopsies "should be avoided"  -(boldface in original-ed.)

 

-wear PPE

 

-do not embalm

 

-do not open body bags

 

-transport of remains are to be minimized and coordinated with local authorities

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(salam)

 

Atlanta Journal-Constitution, ajc.com, Tues26Aug14, 1202hrsEDT

 

"Ebola outbreak  'worse than we'd feared'  CDC chief says on visit to West Africa"

 

--"This is an absolute emergency", Frieden told WSB Radio in a phone interview this morning.

 

--"We've seen patients with Ebola with nowhere to go, and increasing numbers of corpses put into the street."

 

--"A whole system of picking-up and cremating corpses has had to be developed."

 

--"Cremation, which was not culturally acceptable in Liberia before the outbreak, is now widespread practice," the CDC chief said.

 

--Frieden in his WSB Radio interview warned that failure to control the outbreak could be catastrophic.

 

--"This isn't just a risk to Liberia and West Africa," Frieden said, "With this kind of transmission every day it goes on, it increases the risk of spread to other countries in the region."

 

--"It's huge. It's absolutely an emergency."

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(salam)

 

Wed,27Aug14:

 

CBC News, 26Aug14 2245hrs EDT "Ebola Outbreak: Canadians pulled from Sierra Leone as precaution"

---3 of 6 workers from Winnipeg's National Microbiology Laboratory

---3 other residents of their hotel are diagnosed with Ebola Virus

elsewhere, from the article:

---a Senegalese epidemiologist was also infected with Ebola in Kailahud

---Dr. Tom Frieden (post above) is in Liberia and still plans to travel to Sierra Leone and Guinea Republic

 

 

New Vision, 26Aug14 "Airlines asked to carry Ebola Surveillance forms"

---this action was taken at an Entebbe meeting of the Civil Aviation Safety and Security Oversight Agency of the EAC [EAC-CASSOA]

 

 

Nigerian Tribune, 27Aug14, "Ebola: FG closes all schools till October 13 ~ Suspends Summer classes, international seminars"

---school staffs will get special training

 

VoA News, 27Aug14, 0039hrs EDT

----Liberian President Ellen Sirleaf has ordered the dismissal of some junior and senior level cabinet ministers --who ran out of the country because of Ebola and failed to return within one week after being ordered to return.

 

Nationalnews.com, [barbados], 27Aug14, "Dutch doc sees need for isolation facility"

---for several threatening diseases with a "small" chance for Ebola

 

a good quick read:

 

NPR, 26Aug14, 1607hrs,   "How Ebola Kills You: It's Not the Virus",  by Michaeleen Doucleff

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(salam)

 

28Aug14:

 

Scientific American, "Ebola doctor reveals how infected American was cured", by Dina Fine Maron, 27Aug14

--after recovery, the lymphocytes in the cell-mediated immunity " is like being immunized"

--liver made proteins become low

--urine ( above is listed semen and vaginal fluid) remain infectious agents

--the blood transfusion (given to Brantz) had an unknowable effect

 

USA Today, "CDC worker flown back to USA after Ebola exposure", by Liz Szabo, 27Aug14, 2226hrs

--the CDC worker "...is not sick, has no symptoms..." and "therefore poses no Ebola related risk to friends, family, co-workers or to the public"

--"The worker is not being isolated and can return to regular work duties at the CDC, but will be monitored for 21 days".

 

Opine: Why is the following from this same article different from what the public and airlines are told??? Cf: 1) Bloomberg 19Aug14 "Airlines Urged to heed WHO on Ebola  So flights Continue", para 2; "...citing WHO advice that aviation constitutes a 'low risk' for Ebola transmission"; 2) "Who urges calm...", theguardian.com, 17Aug14; 3) "WHO pushes back against Ebola related flight bans", cidra.umu.edu, 14Aug14 ---these are only 3 contrary ezamples

 

USA Today con't:

--"According to CDC policy staff exposed to Ebola are only aloud to 'travel long distances' by 'private means' for 21 days after last contact. The rule is based on the fact that people could become ill during flights and need 'timely access' to care if needed, the CDC says."

[for CDC policy, see: http://www.cdc.gov/quarantine/air/managing-sick-travelers/ebola-guidance-airlines.html ]

 

other news:

 

--40 confirmed Ebola cases in Freetown, Sierra Leone

 

--ABC News, "3rd doctor dies from Ebola in Sierra Leone", Freetown, 27Aug14, 0954 hrs

 

--AFP, 28Aug14, "Ebola-zone countries isolated as airlines stop flights"

--------------only Royal Air Moroc "has vowed to stick to normal flight schedules"

 

from: au,news.yahoo.com/  :mad:

 

ABC (Australia), 28Aug14,  "Ebola outbreak: Suspension of flights putting medical staff at risk, says Australian doctor in Monrovia"

"Essential protective equipment for health workers fighting Ebola is "sitting on the tarmac" after two major airlines decided to suspend commercial flights to West Africa, an Australian doctor working in Monrovia has told the ABC"

 

-Doctor Ian Norton is a former director of disaster preparedness

-on assignment with WHO, Liberia

-Norton told ABC-Darwin, " "vast supplies" of basic equipment to be delivered to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea are stalled at major hubs"

-"the risk to travelers is low and yet the airlines have pulled out"

- :lol: "Even some countries have stopped airlines from flying 35,000 feet above them in the air space"

-"The Int'l Civil Aviation Organization, the UN's safety arm, said this month the risk to passengers from...flights was low."

-"The UN's Ebola envoy, David Nabarro, on Monday (25Aug -ed) took a swipe at airlines who had cut off Ebola-hit countries by s[Edited Out]ping flights. "By isolating the country, it makes it difficult for the UN to do its work," Mr. Nabarro told reporters in Freetown."

 

-Liberia has lost 10 doctors and over 18  nurses... in a country that produces 10 doctors per year.

 

-subtitle: "WHO employs more burial teams as death toll rises"

--"People are finally believing the message and getting family members to come earlier to the family treatment centre.", Norton said.

--Burial teams are 7 men each, specially trained, "full protective equipment and special vehicles"

--"The teams have begun using a Hindu pyre incineration pyre because of a misconception buried Ebola victims could infect the water table and spread the disease." [see post __ above on cremation -ed.]

--"Dr. Norton spoke to 1057-ABC-Darwin "800 metres from the...West Point slum...70,000 residents under quarantine."

- "To protect yourself it is a matter of washing your hands 20 to 30 times a day."

-"We need thousands of litres of chlorinated water per site in five different locations across a very big city of 1.3 million."

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(salam)

 

CNN, "Death toll passes 1,550 as Ebola Outbreak accelerates, officials say", 28Aug14, 1245GMT, by Laura Smith-Spark;

 

--citing WHO, 1,552 deaths, 3,069 cases, 40% of these in the past 3 weeks

 

--WHO projects 20,000 cases

 

--fatality rates vary by country from 42% to 66%, with an overall fatality rate of 52%.

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S A

 

I heard somewhere that the ebola disease started as a result of eating preserved monkeys which is a common food in some parts of western Africa. Maybe like the hiv/aids this is another monkey story!

But some believe this is another man-made disease and with a monkey story like one made up for hiv/aids invented to go with it, fool the world... now for what - who knows what to believe in anymore? 

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(salam)

 

Afsaanah Mahdi:

 

Here is an article you may like,

 

Vox, "Scientists found the origins of the Ebola outbreak -by tracking its mutations", by Susannah Locke, Thurs,28Aug14, 1400EDT

 

--300 mutations specific to this outbreak

 

--came "...from a related strain that left Central Africa in the past ten years."

 

--likely spread in Sierra Leone at a "traditional healer('s)" funeral

 

--two different strains came out of that funeral

 

http://www.vox.com/2014/8/28/6071071/ebola-sequencing

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(salam)

 

Some additional info to go with post #85:

 

Ebola is a negative stranded, non-segmented, RNA virus

 

1] In answer to questions about Ebola mixing with other viruses, called reassortment:

 

"Could Ebola and Cold Viruses combine to make some sort of supervirus?"

 

-Ebola has 19,000 letters of DNA

-a cold virus, Rhinovirus, has 7,200 letters

 

-Answer: NO

 

http://genetics.thetech.org/   20Nov2008

 

2] For a good introductory read on virus mutations and recombinations/reassortments:

 

http://www.nieman.havard.edu/Microsites/NiemanGuideToCoveringPandemicFlu/TheScience/HowFluVirusesChange.aspx

 

3] Virology-Chapter 5 -Exchange of Genetic Material;  http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/mhunt/genet.htm

April 2010

quote: "So far, there is no evidence for recombination in the negative-stranded RNA viruses giving rise to viable viruses (...RNA is packaged in nucleocapsids and is not readily available for base pairing)."   [underlines added -ed]

 

4] from other sources;

 

-- Ebola is "non-segmented", a segment is a transcriptional unit

 

--Ebola mutation rate: 1 per 10,000 copies

**mutations have variable effects on the disease, from host adaption to no effect

 

 

 

Opine:  My Question remaining: REBOV -Ebola Reston- as noted above was in the air ducts and lung tissue of those monkeys. So, if REBOV can reassert with another Ebola strain, will it also become airborne??

Can't find, as yet, an answer or indication of an answer.  Anybody ?

Edited by hasanhh

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29Aug14:

 

sciencemag,org:  28Aug14

 

"White House orders biosafety review at federal labs"

--a response to accident events earlier this year

--only recommendations, not requirements

 

As in the general news media...

"Genomic surveillance elucidates Ebola virus origins and transmission during the 2014 outbreak", date submitted 05Aug14

 

from the Abstract:

"...The West African variant likely diverged from Middle African lineages ~2004, crossed to Guinea to Sierra Leone in May 2014, and has exhibited sustained human-to-human transmission subsequently, with no evidence of additional zoonotic sources..."

Note the submit date, 05Aug15 and contrast with post 77 above, 26Aug14, about the dogs eating corpses and contracting EBOV. This is now  "additional zoonotic sources".

 

from the article: "...mutations alter protein sequences and other biologically meaningful targets..."

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Friday,29Aug14

 

(salam)

 

Panic is starting to spread:

 

1] Nigerian Tribune, 29Aug14, "Ebola scare hits Bayelsa"

--"panic" is the word used in the article

--allAfrica.com says a doctor died in Port-Harcourt

 

2] BDLive (Business Day) (South Africa), 29Aug14, "Ebola fears halt Congo trucks"

--100+ trucks are stopped at the DRC-Botswana border, denied entry because of Ebola

--other trucks stopped at Zambian border

 

3] spyGhana.com, 29Aug14, "Maham warned aganst the use of traditional practice against Ebola"  [the original text title misleading -ed.]

--President John Drameni Mahama of Ghana at the ECOWAS conference for sub-Sahara regions

--he is warning people not to go to traditional healers

 

4] Het Laatste Nieuws, 29Aug14, "Ebola-alarm in Brussels ziekenhuis (hospital -ed.)"

--a Medecins sans Frontieres worker returned last week and is now in isolation ward

 

5] New York Times, 28Aug14, "As Ebola Grips Liberia's Capital, a Quarantine Sow Social Chaos", by Morimitsu Onishi

---Pres. Ellen Sirleaf, a Nobel Prize winner, is under political pressure and push back

--article describes how a few people are circumventing West Point slum's quarantine

--the Army was the big push for the quarantine

--people are more afraid of hunger than Ebola

 

 

Edited by hasanhh

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(salam)

 

Afsaanah Mahdi:

 

Here is an article you may like,

 

Vox, "Scientists found the origins of the Ebola outbreak -by tracking its mutations", by Susannah Locke, Thurs,28Aug14, 1400EDT

 

--300 mutations specific to this outbreak

 

--came "...from a related strain that left Central Africa in the past ten years."

 

--likely spread in Sierra Leone at a "traditional healer('s)" funeral

 

--two different strains came out of that funeral

 

http://www.vox.com/2014/8/28/6071071/ebola-sequencing

I think this is the craziest part of this outbreak.

Also the latest WHO announcement that they anticipate 20,000 people to be affected by the current virus before the outbreak can be controlled by whatever medicine they may produce.

The fact that 300 mutations occurred in the current outbreak is alarming. Mutation occur over an interval of years. For example, Flu virus mutations occur every 3-5 years.

If you saw a time line of Ebola viruses outbreaks in africa, you ail notice that every 10 years a mild outbreak will rupture then quickly after 3 years a stronger one will hit.

The current outbreak is the milder mutation, 2-3 years later (2016-2017) we should witness another outbreak if this virus is keeping its pattern.

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Ibn Sohan, (salam)

 

I agree it's "the craziest". Insane actually.

 

Your timeline and size of outbreaks is a good point, yet previous stuff I read said that what makes the current one "large scale" is before, outbreaks were in isolated areas.

 

In post 81, I cite that supplies are stalled at airline hubs.

 

Why can't O'bomb-'em use American airlift capacity ? That is what we borrow money from China for.!

 

Note: During the Vietnam War, we'd see on television C-5A cargo planes land on short airstrips on firebases. Later, one vet who worked cargo, told me that those C-5As could about safely land "stopped" --they required so little runway. Loaded with heavy military supplies (ammo weighs a lot more than gloves and PPE suits). Vets I knew who were on the firebases said the same.

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^ Hello,

 

I think you are confusing the C-5 (huge plane in the background of the photo) and the C-130 (big plane in the foreground of the photo).

 

47.jpg

 

I have taken quite a few flights on C-5's.  Nice airplanes but complex and hard to maintain.  Only once did my flight take off on time.  For it's size, the C-5 has "short field" capabilities.  But, it is a strategic airlifter.  The C-130 is a shortfield airlifter.  Especially the C-130's equipped for rocket-assisted takeoffs.

 

All the Best,

David

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No, I did not confuse the two, 66David

 

Oh, and remember, despite the publicized "minimum runway" lengths, actual minimum runway requirements are still classified, even though films as I have mentioned exist.

 

1820hrs, 29Aug14, PBS News Hour, had a film clip of CDC Director, Tom Frieden, who said that Ebola will go global but "we" can contain it. Spot outbreaks, and so forth.

 

Senegal says it has its first confirmed case of Ebola. The man lied about his contacts in Guinea. The implication is he has infected Senegal because he was moving around inside the country.

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^ Hello,

 

I will send $50 via paypal to the first person that posts on this thread a video of a Lockheed C-5A Galaxy landing at a forward fire base during the Vietnam War.  (If this does not break any ShiaChat rules)

 

<< cough cough >>, excuse me.  I am not feeling too well and I seem to be running a fever after purchasing some coffee beans from Liberia. << ahhhhh chooo>>, excuse me again.

 

All the Best,

David

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Well, I is gonna be close...

 

"C-5 Military Transport Incredible Vertical Take-off", youtube, 09Sept13 [unloaded of course]

 

aircraft.wikia.am may say take-off/landing distances of 8300 ft, BUT, "Modern Combat Aitcraft", Air University Review, air.maxwell.af.mil ,Sept-Oct 1969,by Gen. Howell Estes, paragraph 18, says 1700ft asphalt/2600ft dirt runways [still/remaining at the unclassied level]

 

The C-5 can deflate its tires inflight as one technique to shorten landing distances, plus reverse thrust, etc.

The C-5 can operate on shorter runways than C-141s.

The thrust to weight ration of C-5 is more than one-to-one, can carry 50 tons.

 

As for the landing, several videos are on the Net, most are junk or not to our focus of attention. There is one very short landing at an airshow (very impressive), and one at Khe San but doesn't show much as materials are in the way.

 

See:   File: Khe Sanh landing.jpg     --a still photo

 

"Air Power n the Siege of Khe San" by William A. Barry, says that when the Marines took over this base in 1968, there was 1900 ft of runway They expanded it to 3900ft of Hard-Aluminum Planking with the last 1,000 feet the "cargo area". C-5As did land there and else where.

Edited by hasanhh

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(wasalam)

 

29-30Aug14:

 

Nigerian Tribune, 30Aug14, "Dogs Eat Corpses of Ebola Victims in Liberia ~As Virus Spreads to Senegal"

 

---this is a different case than at post 77 :sick:: Johnsonville Township outside Monrovia --packs of wild dogs digging up corpses in "...a specially designated 'Ebola graveyard', dragging them into the open and feeding on the flesh according to the Daily Mail of UK".

 

---Ref to post 92:  a university student from Guinea sought treatment in a Daktar hospital on Tuesday (the 26th -ed) "...but gave no indication he might have Ebola". On Wednesday, Guinea Republic contacted Senegal as they had reason to believe he might be in Senegal. Guinea had been looking for him for 3 weeks.

 

---Ref to post 89:  Ebola is rapidly mutating; in Sierra Leone, "almost 400 genetic modifications".

 

 

Other:

 

Ref to post 88, No. 5:   New York Times, 29Aug14, "Quarantine for Ebola lifted in Liberia slum", by N. Onishi --the West Point slum

 

Ref to post 87:  NBC News, 28Aug14,  "Where did Ebola come from? Likely One Person Study Finds"

---more than 200 Ebola deaths are now healthcare workers

---Ebola is being spread by people (for now -ed, now the dogs will spread it too)

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