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"the Mahdi Will Not Emerge Until The Sun Rises As

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Will Comet 209P/LINEAR Generate the Next Meteor Storm?
Quanzhi Ye, Paul A. Wiegert
(Submitted on 1 Nov 2013)

Previous studies have suggested that Comet 209P/LINEAR may produce strong me- teor activity on Earth on 2014 May 24; however, exact timing and activity level is difficult to estimate due to the limited physical observations of the comet. Here we reanalyze the optical observations of 209P/LINEAR obtained during its 2009 appari- tion. We find that the comet is relatively depleted in dust production, with Af {\rho} at 1 cm level within eight months around its perihelion. This feature suggested that this comet may be currently transitioning from typical comet to a dormant comet. Syn- dyne simulation shows that the optical cometary tail is dominated by larger particles with {\beta} ~ 0.003. Numerical simulations of the cometary dust trails confirm the arrival of particles on 2014 May 24 from some of the 1798-1979 trails. The nominal radiant is at RA 122 +/- 1 deg, Dec 79 +/- 1 deg (J2000) in the constellation of Camelopardalis. Given that the comet is found to be depleted in dust production, we concluded that a meteor storm (ZHR>=1000) may be unlikely. However, our simulation also shows that the size distribution of the arrived particles is skewed strongly to larger particles. Coupling with the result of syndyne simulation, we think that the event, if detectable, may be dominated by bright meteors. We encourage observers to monitor the expected meteor event as it will provide us with rare direct information on the dynamical history of 209P/LINEAR which is otherwise irretrievably lost.



Asteroid 2003 QQ47's Potential Earth Impact in 21 march 2014 Ruled OutPaul W. Chodas and Steven R. Chesley
NASA's Near Earth Object Program Office
September 3, 2003


Newly discovered asteroid 2003 QQ47 has received considerable media attention over the last few days because it had a small chance of colliding with the Earth in the year 2014 and was rated a "1" on the Torino Impact Hazard Scale, which goes from 0 to 10. The odds of collision in 2014, as estimated by JPL's Sentry impact monitoring system, peaked at 1 chance in 250,000, a result which was posted on our Impact Risk Page on Saturday, August 30, 2003. Impact events at the Torino Scale 1 level certainly merit careful monitoring by astronomers, but these events do not warrant public concern. In fact, each year several newly discovered asteroids reach Torino Scale 1 for a brief period after discovery; 2003 QQ47 is the fourth such case this year.

On September 2, 2003, new measurements of 2003 QQ47's position allowed us to narrow our prediction of its path in 2014, and thus we could rule out any Earth impact possibilities for 2014."[1]

(143649) 2003 QQ47 has a diameter of approximately 1.24 km, and a mass of approximately 2.0×1012 kg. If it were to hit the Earth, it would be a major event, with an energy of approximately 350,000 megatons of TNT (1.5 ZJ), enough to cause global damage.

Dr. Sara Russell, a meteorite researcher at London's Natural History Museum, told the BBC that she was not worried that (143649) 2003 QQ47 would be a danger.

yellowstone supervolcano will erup after the ipmact 2003 QQ47  (atlantic ocean) and in march or april 2014


The Final Signs of Qiyaamah - doom (Islam


1-The ground will cave in: one in the east, one in the west, and one in Hejaz, Saudi Arabia.

2-A night three nights long -will follow the fog(Fog cause comet dust ison)

3-After the night of three nights, the following morning the sun will rise in the west.(reverse rotation the earth)

4-One day later, the Beast from the earth will miraculously emerge from Mount Safaa in Makkah, causing a split in the ground.

5-The beast will be able to talk to people and mark the faces of people, making the believers' faces glitter, and the nonbelievers' faces darkened.

6-A breeze from the south causes sores in the armpits of Muslims, which they will die of as a result.

7-The fire will follow people to Syria, after which it will stop.

Some years after the fire,

Slightly exaggerated:

Ibn al Hashimi cites Sunnipath.com:

Ibn Kathir said in al-Bidaya wal-Nihaya (8:201-202):

Al-Tabarani mentioned in this chapter very strange reports indeed and the Shi`a went overboard concerning the day of Ashura, forging many hadiths that are gross lies

such as the sun being eclipsed on that day until the stars appeared, no stone was lifted

except blood was seen under it, the celestial region became red, the sun and its rays

seemed like blood, the sky seemed like a blood clot, the stars were hurling against one

another, the sky rained red blood, there was never redness in the sky before that day,

and the like… among other lies and forgeries of which not one report is sound


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Dr Nicola Davis
Nicola Davis
The Observer, Thursday 9 January 2014 10.31 GMT
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Castle Geyser erupting
Castle geyser, in Yellowstone National Park, which is on the site of a previous supervolcano. Photograph: Jeff Vanuga/Corbis

Scientists have revealed that the enormous magma chamber under Yellowstone National Park is more than twice the size previously thought, while papers just published suggest catastrophic eruptions may need no external triggers. But can we predict when these sleeping behemoths will wake? We ask volcanologist and author of Waking the Giant: How a Changing Climate Triggers Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Volcanoes, Professor Bill McGuire of University College London, to explain.

What makes a supervolcano?

Volcanic eruptions come in all different sizes, and are measured using the "volcano explosivity index". The key is how much material is ejected. A super-eruption, or VEI-8, ejects at least 1,000 cubic km of ash and debris. That's enough to bury greater London to a depth of 1km.
How bad can a supervolcano be?

One of the biggest supereruptions that we know about, Toba in Sumatra, occurred about 74,000 years ago. That left behind the biggest volcanic crater on the planet, about 100km across. It pumped so much sulphurous gas into the atmosphere that it triggered a volcanic winter. If one of these happened today and we had global harvest failure for two, three, four years, then you are potentially looking at billions of deaths.

What is the biggest supervolcano mystery puzzling scientists?

How the magma is stored – hot – at these huge volumes. With normal volcanoes you get magma accumulating in the volcano and it reaches a particular volume and comes out. With supervolcanoes, you need to keep down more than 1,000 cubic km of hot magma and allow it all to come out all in one go. The question is, how is it kept there until it comes out in one massive great surge.

Is it possible to defuse a supervolcano by drilling?

I've always said it would be like sticking a drawing pin in an elephant's bottom. The energy, the volumes and the heat involved are so tremendous. If we did have a concerted effort to allow them to "let off steam", either it would do nothing or, if it did do something, it's more likely to actually bring forward the timing of the eruption.

Can we predict a super-eruption?

There are always warning signs before an eruption because magma, as it approaches a surface, has to make space for itself. That results in swelling of the surface and, because it has to break rock to get to the surface, that generates earthquakes. But with super-eruptions there's a possibility that, as that huge body of magma expands, it might open up a fracture through the crust very suddenly. So we might see swelling and a bit of earthquake activity but instead of seeing this accelerating and getting worse before an eruption, the eruption could happen much earlier than we expect. We have no idea if that eruption would be big, small or medium sized.

Are there any signs of a super-eruption brewing?

There is a volcano in Bolivia called Uturuncu that has had super-eruptions in the past and has been swelling continuously since 1992. The swelling could die again, or it could build to an eruption in a few years or decades, or do nothing for millennia. We just don't know.


Scientists have discovered what causes cataclysm-inducing supervolcanoes to erupt, and the answer offers little reassurance. Their eruptions are caused by magma buoyancy, which makes them less predictable and more frequent than previously thought.

A team of geologists from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETH) modeled a supervolcano – such as Yellowstone in Wyoming – using synthetic magma heated up with a high-energy X-ray to see what could create a powerful discharge. A separate international team, led by Luca Caricchi of the University of Geneva, conducted more than 1.2 million computer simulations of eruptions.

Both groups have arrived at similar conclusions, with two studies simultaneously published in Nature Geoscience magazine.

"We knew the clock was ticking but we didn't know how fast: what would it take to trigger a super-eruption?” said Wim Malfait, the lead author of the ETH study.

"Now we know you don't need any extra factor - a supervolcano can erupt due to its enormous size alone.”

It was previously thought that supervolcanoes – which spew out hundreds more times of lava and ash than ordinary ruptures – could be triggered by earthquakes or other outside tectonic phenomena.

It was also clear that these volcanoes do not operate like ordinary eruptions, which rely on magma filling their chambers, and spurting through an opening, once the pressure gets to a certain point, since the chambers of supervolcanoes are too large to be over pressurized to the same degree.

Now, the studies have identified the unique supervolcano mechanism that makes their discharge more like powerful explosions than normal eruptions.

The molten magma in the mostly underground supervolcano is lighter than the surrounding rocks, and the difference in pressure, creates a 'buoyancy effect', meaning the super-hot terrestrial soup is always attempting to burst out.

“The difference in density between the molten magma in the caldera and the surrounding rock is big enough to drive the magma from the chamber to the surface,” said Jean-Philippe Perrillat of the National Centre for Scientific Research in Grenoble, where the experiments were conducted.

Artist's impression of the magma chamber of a supervolcano with partially molten magma at the top. (ESRF/Nigel Hawtin)

“The effect is like the extra buoyancy of a football when it is filled with air underwater, which forces it to the surface because of the denser water around it. If the volume of magma is big enough, it should come to the surface and explode like a champagne bottle being uncorked.”

The researchers believe that the pressure force of the molten magma pools can be strong enough to crack 10 km thick layers of rock, before spewing out a maximum of between 3,500 and 7,000 cubic kilometers of lava. In comparison, the notorious Krakatoa explosion in 1883 likely ejected less than 30 cubic kilometers of debris into the atmosphere.

The effects on Earth are likely to be fundamental, with previous studies suggesting that such a supervolcano could decrease the temperature on Earth by 10 C for a decade, as the ash would prevent sunlight from reaching the ground.

The last supervolcano eruption in Lake Toba took place more than 70,000 years ago. According to one highly-contested theory it may have wiped out more than half of the planet’s population; in any case the effect on the world would be dramatic.

"This is something that, as a species, we will eventually have to deal with. It will happen in future," said Dr Malfait.

"You could compare it to an asteroid impact - the risk at any given time is small, but when it happens the consequences will be catastrophic."

A volcano has to eject more than 1,000 cubic km of debris in a single eruption to be counted as a supervolcano, and there are less than ten potential sites with sufficiently large magma chambers around the world, though there may be others lurking underneath the ocean surface. These formations, which are more often flat with no outlet, are expected to erupt once every 50,000 years, though there is no regularity to the frequency of eruptions.

The computer modelers believe that the buoyancy mechanism means that such eruptions occur more frequently than previously thought, though the exact extent is hard to estimate without studying magma flows at each potential location.

Nonetheless, the ETH scientists say that there could be detectable pressure changes, and perhaps even spectacular rises of ground level sometime before the eventual explosion. But it is not clear how long after such changes an eruption would take place, or whether advance






is one of the most visible stars in the nights sky, it’s located right on the shoulder of the constellation Orion the Hunter. Those living in the northern hemisphere can see the star on any clear winter night, it’s the bright orangish-red star over and to the left of the famous three-star belt of Orion.

“Roughly 1000 times the diameter of our Sun and shining 100,000 times more brightly, Betelgeuse’s impressive statistics come with a cost. For this star is likely on its way to a spectacular supernova explosion, having already swelled into a red supergiant and shed a significant fraction of its outer layers.”

“The new far-infrared view from Herschel shows how the star’s winds are crashing against the surrounding interstellar medium, creating a bow shock as the star moves through space at speeds of around 30 km/s.”

The dusty arcs that are preceding the star are a testament to its loss of mass, these layers were previously part of the star.

“Closer to the star itself, an inner envelope of material shows a pronounced asymmetric structure. Large convective cells in the star’s outer atmosphere have likely resulted in localised, clumpy ejections of dusty debris at different stages in the past.”

“An intriguing linear structure is also seen further away from the star, beyond the dusty arcs. While some earlier theories proposed that this bar was a result of material ejected during a previous stage of stellar evolution, analysis of the new image suggests that it is either a linear filament linked to the Galaxy’s magnetic field, or the edge of a nearby interstellar cloud that is being illuminated by Betelgeuse.”

“If the bar is a completely separate object, then taking into account the motion of Betelgeuse and its arcs and the separation between them and the bar, the outermost arc will collide with the bar in just 5000 years, with the red supergiant star itself hitting the bar roughly 12,500 years later.”

It’s too bad that is so far into the future, as that could be an incredible sight (even better than this year’s Best Astronomical Events). Because of how close Betelgeuse is to us though (640 light years), when the star finally does go supernova, it will be very visible from the Earth. It will be easily brighter than the full moon and visible in broad daylight for many months.

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I liked Nostradamus references best; it reminded me of History channel and their ravings about Nibiru, Mayan calendar and the rest of those "signs"... Hilarious!

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