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Status & Authority Of Ahlebait (as) From Quran

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Chapter: 8, Verse: 11 - Purification of the hearts through Love of Imam Ali (as)

 

Narrated from Jabir from Abi Abdillah Imam Baqir (as):

 

"I asked Imam Baqir (as) about the Baatin (inner or secret meaning) of this verse,

"And he caused rain to descend on you from sky, to clean you with it and to remove from you the evil of Satan, to strengthen your hearts, and to establish your feet firmly." [8:11]

 

Imam (as) said, "The sky in the Baatin (inner or secret meaning) is the Prophet (saww), and the rain is Ali (as) and Allah made Imam Ali (as) from the Prophet (saww) and that is the saying of Allah, "(descended) the rain to clean you with it" and that is Ali (as), Allah purifies the hearts of those who Love Him. And regarding the saying of Allah, "And to remove from you the evil of Satan", The one who loves Ali (as), the evil is removed from him and his heart is strengthened. And the saying of Allah, "And to strengthen your hearts and establish your feet firmly", verily that is Ali (as), the one who loves Ali (as), Allah strengthens his heart through Ali (as) and establishes him upon His Wilayat."

 

[source: Tafseer al-Ayyashi, Vol. 2, Pg. 50, Hadees. 25 & Tafseer-e-Furat, Pg. 153, Hadees. 190]

 

عن جابر عن أبي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد ع قال سألته عن هذه الآية في البطن «وَ يُنَزِّلُ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ السَّماءِ ماءً- لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ بِهِ وَ يُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمْ رِجْزَ الشَّيْطانِ وَ لِيَرْبِطَ عَلى قُلُوبِكُمْ- وَ يُثَبِّتَ بِهِ الْأَقْدامَ» قال: السماء في الباطن رسول الله، و الماء علي ع جعل الله عليا من رسول الله ص فذلك قوله: «ماءً لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ بِهِ فذلك علي يطهر الله به قلب من والاه، و أما قوله: «وَ يُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمْ رِجْزَ الشَّيْطانِ» من والى عليا يذهب الرجز عنه، و يقوى قلبه و «لِيَرْبِطَ عَلى قُلُوبِكُمْ وَ يُثَبِّتَ بِهِ الْأَقْدامَ» فإنه يعني عليا، من والى عليا يربط الله على قلبه بعلي فثبت على ولايته

 

http://www.marefateahlebait.com/tafseer/8-al-anfal

 

 

Beautiful narration brother. 

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hapter. 22, Verse. 52-55: Abu Bakr and Umar are inspirations of Satan and Allah nullifies them by Imam Ali (as)

 


فانّه روي عن أبي عبد اللَّه عليه السلام انّ رسول اللَّه صلّى اللَّه عليه و آله اصابه خصاصة فجاء الى رجل من الأنصار فقال له هل عندك من طعام قال نعم يا رسول اللَّه و ذبح له عناقاً و شواه فلمّا أدناه منه تمنّى رسول اللَّه صلّى اللَّه عليه و آله ان يكون معه عليّ و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين عليهم السلام فجاء ابو بكر و عمر ثمّ جاء عليّ بعدهما فأنزل اللَّه عزّ و جلّ في ذلك وَ ما أَرْسَلْنا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لا نَبِيٍّ وَ لا مُحَدّثٍ إِلَّا إِذا تَمَنَّى أَلْقَى الشَّيْطانُ فِي أُمْنِيَّتِهِ يعني أبا بكر و عمر فَيَنْسَخُ اللَّهُ ما يُلْقِي الشَّيْطانُ يعني لمّا جاء عليّ عليه السلام بعدهما ثُمَّ يُحْكِمُ اللَّهُ آياتِهِ لِلنّاسِ يعني ينصر اللّه امير المؤمنين عليه السلام‏

لِيَجْعَلَ ما يُلْقِي الشَّيْطانُ فِتْنَةً قال يعني فلاناً و فلاناً.  لِلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ قال شك‏

وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَهادِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِلى‏ صِراطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ يعني الى الإِمام المستقيم‏

ثم قال: وَ لا يَزالُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِنْهُ أي في شك من أمير المؤمنين ع‏
 
 
Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said:
 
"Once the Holy Prophet (saww) felt hungry and he came to a man from ansar's and said to him, 'Do you have any food?' 
 
The man said, 'Yes O' Messenger of Allah'. And he slaughtered a she goat and roasted/grilled it. When he came with it, the Prophet (saww) desired that Ali (as), Fatema (sa), Hasan (as) and Husain (as) would be with him. Then Abu Bakr and Umar came to the Prophet (saww) and after them Imam Ali (as) came to the Prophet (saww)."
 
Then Allah revealed regarding this,
 
"And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet, but when he desired, the Shaitan made a suggestion respecting his desire [22:52]" -  meaning Abu Bakr and Umar.
 
"But Allah annuls that which the Shaitan casts [22:52]"  - referring to Imam Ali (as) who came after Abu Bakr and Umar came. 
 
"Then does Allah establish His communications [22:52]" - meaning Allah helps Amir al Momineen (as).
 
"So that He may make what the Shaitan casts a trial [22:53]" - meaning Fulan & Fulan (Abu Bakr and Umar).
 
"for those in whose hearts is disease [22:53]" - meaning doubt. 
 
"And most surely Allah is the Guide of those who believe into a straight path [22:54]" - meaning towards the straight (rightful) Imam.
 
"And those who disbelieve shall not cease to be in doubt concerning it [22:55]" - meaning doubting in Amir al-Momineen (as).
 
[source: Tafseer al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 81-82]
 
Edited by muhibb-ali

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Chapter. 72, Verse. 13, 21-24: Wilayat is the guidance and those who don't follow it are in hell

 

محمد بن يعقوب: عن علي بن محمد، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن ابن محبوب، عن محمد بن الفضيل، عن أبي الحسن الماضي (عليه السلام)، قال: قلت: قوله: أَنَّا لَمَّا سَمِعْنَا الْهُدى‏ آمَنَّا بِهِ‏ قال: «الهدى: الولاية، آمنا بمولانا فمن آمن بولاية مولاه فلا يخاف بخسا ولا رهقا». قلت: تنزيل؟ قال: «لا، تأويل».

قلت: قوله: لا أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلا رَشَداً . قال: «إن رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) دعا الناس إلى ولاية علي (عليه السلام)، فاجتمعت إليه قريش، فقالوا: يا محمد، أعفنا من هذا. فقال لهم رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله): هذا إلى الله ليس إلي. فاتهموه وخرجوا من عنده، فأنزل الله: قُلْ إِنِّي لا أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلا رَشَداً* قُلْ إِنِّي لَنْ يُجِيرَنِي مِنَ اللَّهِ‏ (١) أَحَدٌ وَلَنْ أَجِدَ مِنْ دُونِهِ مُلْتَحَداً* إِلَّا بَلاغاً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِسالاتِهِ ‏في علي». قلت: هذا تنزيل؟ قال: «نعم، ثم قال توكيدا: وَمَنْ يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ‏ في ولاية علي‏ فَإِنَّ لَهُ نارَ جَهَنَّمَ خالِدِينَ فِيها أَبَداً ».

قلت: حَتَّى إِذا رَأَوْا ما يُوعَدُونَ فَسَيَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ أَضْعَفُ ناصِراً وَأَقَلُّ عَدَداً (٢) : «يعني بذلك القائم (عليه السلام) وأنصاره


I (the narrator) then asked the Imam Moosa Kazim (as), about the words of Allah: 'Now that we have listened to the guidance, we believe in it. . . . (72:13) The Imam said, ‘Guidance is Wilayah of Ali (as).
 
"We believe in Wilayah of our Master/gaurdian (Maula) and those who belief in the Wilayah of their Master does not fear loss or oppression."

"I then asked the Imam, 'Is it (the words of the Imam) the revealed words of Allah?’ He (the Imam) said, 'No, it is interpretation.'

"I then asked him about the words of Allah: 'Say, I do not possess any power to harm or benefit you.’ (72:21) The Imam said, ‘The Messenger of Allah called people to accept the Wilayah of Ali (as). Quraysh came to him and said, "O Muhammad, absolve us (keep us free) from this (wilayah)." The Messenger of Allah said, "It is not from me but it is up to Allah." They accused him and left him. Allah then revealed this reading: "Say, 'I do not possess any power to harm or benefit you." (72:21) "Say, 'No one can protect me from Allah, [if I disobey Him] nor can I find any place of refuge but with Him (72:22). My only (means of protection) is to convey the message of Allah." (72:23), about Ali (as)."

"I then asked, 'Is it the revealed words of Allah?' He (the Imam) said, 'Yes, it is the revealed word of Allah.' Allah has, to place more emphasis, said, 'whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger [in the matters of Wilayah of Ali (as)] is doomed to hell, wherein he will live forever.’ (72:23)

"I then read the words of Allah: '. . . until the unbelievers witness that with which they have been warned. They will then know whose helpers are weaker and fewer in number." (72:24), by that it means al-Qaim (atfs) and his helpers."
 
(part of a lengthy narration)
 

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Pg. 434]

http://www.marefateahlebait.com/tafseer/072

 

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Chapter. 99, Verse. 1-4 - Imam Ali (as) speaking to the Earth

 

بهذا الاسناد عن محمد بن أحمد قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله الرازي عن أحمد بن محمد بن نصر عن روح بن صالح عن هارون بن خارجة رفعه عن فاطمة عليها السلام قالت: اصاب الناس زلزلة على عهد أبي بكر ففزع الناس إلى ابي بكر وعمر فودوهما قد خرجا فزعين إلى علي (ع) فتبعهما الناس إلى ان انتهوا إلى باب علي (ع) فخرج إليهم علي عليه السلام غير مكترث لما هم فيه فمضى واتبعه الناس حتى انتهى إلى تلعة، فقعد عليها وقعدوا حوله وهم ينظرون إلى حيطان المدينة ترتج جائية وذاهبة، فقال لهم علي (ع): كانكم قد هالكم ما ترون قالوا: وكيف لا يهولنا ولم نر مثلها قط قالت فحرك شفتيه، ثم ضرب الارض بيده، ثم قال: مالك اسكني فسكنت، فعجبوا من ذلك أكثر من تعجبهم اولا حيث خرج إليهم، قال لهم: فانكم قد عجبتم من صنعتي؟ قالوا: نعم، قال انا الرجل الذي قال الله: (إذا زلزلت الارض زلزالها واخرجت الارض اثقالها وقال (الانسان مالها) فانا الانسان الذي يقول لها مالك (يومئذ تحدث أخبارها) اياي تحدث


It has been narrated from Syeda Fatima al Zahra (sa),
 
She said; "The people were struck by an earthquake during the era of Abu Bakr, so they panicked and went to Abu Bakr and Umar. They found the two of them to have gone out terrified, to Imam Ali (as). So the people followed the two of them until they ended up at the door of Imam Ali (as).

Imam Ali (as) came out to them, completely indifferent to the state they were in. So he went and they followed him until they ended up at a raised ground. He (as) sat down upon it, and they all seated themselves around him, and they were looking around at the wall of the city which, were shaking.

So Mola Ali (a.s) said to them: "It is as if you are all shocked at what you are seeing’. They said, "And how can we not be terrified and we have never seen the like of it at all!". Imam Ali (a.s) moved his lips, then placed his hand upon the ground and said: "What is the matter with you? Calm down!" So it calmed down.

They were all more astounded at that, than what they were when they first went out to him. He said to them: "So you are all astounded from what I have done?" They said, "Yes". He said: "I am the man for whom Allah (swt) said:

When the earth is shaken with her (violent) shaking. (99:1)
And the earth brings forth her burdens. (99:2)
And man says: What is the matter with her? (99:3)
So I am that man who says to her (Earth): ‘What is the matter with you?
On that day she shall tell her news, it is I who she (the earth) will be narrating the news of".
 

[Source: Illal Al Sharaiyah. Vol. 2, Pg. 557, Hadith. 8]

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Chapter: 23, Verse: 60 - Fear of falling short (being Muqassireen) in the love and obedience of AhlulBait (as)

 

علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، وعلي بن محمد القاساني، جميعا، عن القاسم بن محمد عن سليمان المنقري، عن حفص بن غياث قال سمعت أبا عبد الله يقول: إن قدرت أن لا تعرف فافعل وما عليك ألا يثني عليك الناس وما عليك أن تكون مذموما عند الناس إذا كنت محمودا عند الله، ثم قال: قال أبي علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلام)
لا خير في العيش إلا لرجلين رجل يزداد كل يوم خيرا ورجل يتدارك منيته بالتوبة وأنى له بالتوبة والله لو سجد حتى ينقطع عنقه ما قبل الله تبارك وتعالى منه إلا بولايتنا أهل البيت، ألا ومن عرف حقنا ورجا الثواب فينا ورضي بقوته نصف مد في كل يوم وما ستر عورته وما أكن رأسه وهم والله في ذلك خائفون وجلون ودوا أنه حظهم من الدنيا وكذلك وصفهم الله عز وجل فقال: " والذين يؤتون ما آتوا وقلوبهم وجلة أنهم إلى ربهم راجعون" ثم قال: ما الذي آتوا؟ آتوا والله مع الطاعة المحبة والولاية وهم في ذلك خائفون، ليس خوفهم خوف شك ولكنهم خافوا أن يكونوا مقصرين في محبتنا وطاعتنا



Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qasani have all narrated from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Sulayman al-Minqari from Hafs ibn Ghiyath who has said the following: Once I heard Abu Abd Allah Imam Sadiq (as) saying, 

"If you can remain unknown, then do so. There will be nothing wrong if people will not praise you. There is nothing wrong for you if people criticize/rebuke you as long as you are praiseworthy near (in sight of) Allah (swt)."

The Imam (as) said, "My father Amir al-Muminin, Ali ibn abu Talib (as) has said, "There is nothing good in life except for two kinds of people: a man who every day increases his good deeds and a man who every day makes correct a bad deed (desire) with repentance.

How can for him be repentence (Tawbah)? By Allah, if he would perform a Sajdah prostration for such a length of time that his neck cuts off from his body, still Allah (swt) will not accept his repentance without his acknowledgement of the Wilayah (Divine Authority) of Ahl al-Bayt (as). 

Truly! Whoever recognizes our rights and has hope for rewards because of us. He agrees, for his survival, to half of a one time meal every day, and with that which provides him covering for his privacy, his or her head, and with it, by Allah, they live in fear and apprehension and love to agree with this much as their share from the world and this is how Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, has described them, "Those who bring what they bring and whose hearts are afraid of their return to their Lord." (23:60)


Imam (as) said, "What do they bring? They, by Allah, will bring along with obedience, love and Wilayat [of AhlulBait (as)] and they still will be afraid. Their fear is not due to doubts, but it is due to their fear of falling short (being Muqassireen) in our love and obedience."

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 2, Pg. 456-457]

 

http://www.marefateahlebait.com/tafseer/023

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Chapter: 71, Verse 28 - Entering into the house of the Prophet (saww)

 

محمد بن يعقوب: عن عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن ابن فضال، عن المفضل بن صالح، عن محمد بن علي الحلبي، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) ، في قوله عز وجل: رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوالِدَيَّ وَلِمَنْ دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِناً : «إنما يعني الولاية، من دخل في الولاية دخل في بيت الأنبياء (عليهم السلام)، وقوله تعالى: إِنَّما يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيراً (٣) يعني الأئمة (عليهم السلام) وولايتهم، من دخل فيها دخل في بيت النبي (صلى الله عليه وآله)

A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa from ibn Faddal from al-Mufaddal ibn Salih from Muhammad ibn Ali al-Halabi;
 
From Aba  Abd Allah Imam Sadiq (as), who has said the following:
 
"About the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, and the Most Gracious, "Lord, forgive me, my parents, the believers who have entered my home believing" [71:28],  the Imam (as) said, It means Wilayah (leadership with divine authority). Whoever enters into (accepts) Wilayah has entered the home of the prophets (as).
 
And the saying of Allah (as), "People of the house, Allah wants to remove all kinds of uncleanliness from you and to purify you thoroughly."[33:33] It means the Imam's (as) and their Wilayah. Whoever enters into (accepts) the Wilayah,  has entered the house of the Holy Prophet (saww)"
 
[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Pg. 423]

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There are (mutuwatir) hadiths that say ""Did we not spread/widen your heart...." "by Ali".

Aside from this message being verified in Quran from other Surahs if we see all the paraphrasing of Quran of Aeron station with Moses, if we go to the Surah itself, it would be saying both Mohammad and Ali are the name of God. 

"By the name of God...." refers to "by Ali" in the first few verses in that Surah, then it states the remembrance of Mohammad has been risen through that..which shows it is Mohammad as well.

With peace (Ma'asalama)

Edited by LinkZelda

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Chapter: 41, Verse. 6-7 - Shirk in Imamah
 

خبرنا احمد بن ادريس عن احمد بن محمد عن ابن محبوب عن أبي جميل (جميلة ط) عن أبان بن تغلب قال قال لي ابوعبدالله عليه السلام: يا أبان أترى ان الله عزوجل طلب من المشركين زكاة أموالهم وهم يشركون به حيث يقول: " وويل للمشركين الذين لا يؤتون الزكوة وهم بالآخرة هم كافرون " قلت له: كيف ذلك جعلت فداك فسره لي؟ فقال ويل للمشركين الذين أشركوا بالامام الاول وهم بالائمة الآخرين كافرون، يا أبان إنما دعا الله العباد إلى الايمان به فاذا آمنوا بالله وبرسوله افترض عليهم الفرايض

 

Narrated by Aban bin Tuglub;

 
Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said to me, 
 
"O' Aban, do you think that Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì has asked the Mushrikeen for Zakat of their wealth while they are doing shirk; when He says, "And Woe be upon the Mushrikeen who do not give Zakat and do not believe in the hearafter" (41:6-7)

I said, "How is that, May I be sacrificed for you, explain it to me."
 
Imam (as) said, "Woe upon the Mushrikeen, those who associate others with the first Imam [referring to Imam Ali (as)] and they are those who deny the other Imam's (as).  O'Aban, Indeed, Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì calls the servants towards belief, then when they believe in Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì and His Prophet (saww) then the obligations are obligated upon them."

[Source: Tafseer-e-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 262]
 

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Chapter: 39 Verse: 53 - Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى will forgive the Sins of the Shia's only:
 

حدثنا جعفر بن محمد قال: حدثنا عبدالكريم عن محمد بن علي عن محمد ابن الفضيل عن ابي حمزة قال قال ابوجعفر (عليه السلام): لا يعذر الله يوم القيامة احدا يقول: يا رب لم اعلم ان ولد فاطمة (عليها السلام) هم الولاة على الناس كافة، وفي شيعة ولد فاطمة انزل الله هذه الآية خاصة " يا عبادي الذين أسرفوا على أنفسهم لا تقنطوا من رحمة الله "

 

Abu Jafar Imam Mohammad Baqir (as) said, 

 
"Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى will not excuse/pardon any one on the day of Qiyamah who says, "O My Lord, I did not know that the children of Fatemah (sa) were the masters over all the people."
And its specifically regarding the Shia's of the children of Fatemah (sa) that Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى revealed this verse, "O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah ..." (39:53)
 
[Source: Tafseer al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 250]
 
 

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Chapter: 78, Verse: 40 - Why Imam Ali (as) is called 'Abu Turaab' ???

But, what is reliable with regards to that, is what was narrated to me (Shaikh Sadooq) by - Ahmad Bin Al-Hassan Al-Qataan, from Abu Al-Abbas Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Zakariya, from Bakr Bin Abdullah Bin Habeeb, from Tameem Bin Bahloul, from his father, from Abu Al-Hassan Al-Abdy, from Suleyman Bin Mahran, from Abaya Bin Rabi’e who said:

"I said to Abdullah Bin Ibn Abbas, ‘Why did Rasool-Allah (saww) give Ali (as) the name "Abu Turaab"?
He said, ‘Because He is the Master of the earth, and Proof of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى over its people after Him, and due to Him is its existence and its at peace due to Him. And I heard the Rasool-Allah (saww) saying: ‘When it will be the Day of Judgement, and the Infidel would see what Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى has Prepared for the Shiah of Ali (as), from the Rewards and the Nearness, and the Prestige, he would say O! I wish I were dust! i.e., from the Shiah of Ali (as) and that is in the Words of Allah the Mighty and Majestic "and the unbeliever shall say: O! I wish I were dust!" (78:40)

لكني اعتمد في ذلك على ما حدثني به احمد بن الحسن القطان قال: حدثنا أبو العباس احمد بن يحيى بن زكريا قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب قال: حدثنا تميم بن بهلول، عن ابيه قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن العبدي، عن سليمان بن مهران عن عباية ابن ربعي قال: قلت لعبدالله بن عباس، لم كنى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عليا عليه السلام أبا تراب؟ قال لانه صاحب الارض وحجة الله على أهلها بعده وبه بقاؤها واليه سكونها ولقد سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: انه إذا كان يوم القيامة ورأى الكافر ما أعد الله تبارك وتعالى لشيعة علي من الثواب والزلفى والكرامة قال يا ليتني كنت ترابا - يعني من شيعة علي - وذلك قول الله عزوجل: (ويقول الكافر ياليتني كنت ترابا)

[Source: Elal al-Sharae, Vol. 1, Pg. 156]

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Chapter: 3, Verse: 157 - The path/cause of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى
 
أبي رحمه‌الله قال : حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله ، عن محمد بن الحسين عن محمد بن سنان ، عن عمار بن مروان ، عن المنخل ، عن جابر ، عن أبي جعفر عليه‌السلام قال : سألته عن هذه الآية في قول الله عزوجل : « ولئن قتلتم في سبيل الله أو متم » قال : فقال : أتدري ما سبيل الله؟ قال : قلت : لا والله إلا أن أسمعه منك. قال : سبيل الله [ هو ] علي عليه‌السلام وذريته ، [ وسبيل الله ] من قتل في ولايته قتل في سبيل الله ، ومن مات في ولايته مات في سبيل الله
 

From Abi Jafar Imam Mohammad Baqir (as):

I asked the Imam about the saying of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى, "And if you are killed in the path (sabeel) of Allah or you die" (3:157)
Imam (as) said, "Do you understand what is the path of Allah (swt)"?
I (narrator) said, "No, By Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى!, untill I hear it from You".
Imam (as) said, "Path of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى is Ali (as) and His Progeny (as). And whoever is killed in the Wilayah of Imam Ali (as) is the one killed in the path of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى and the one who dies in his Wilayah is the one who dies in the path of Allah (swt)"

[Source: Ma'ani al-Akhbar, Shaikh Sadooq, Pg. 167]

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Chapter: 17, Verse: 9 - Quran guides to the Imam (as)!

حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عبد الرحمن المقري ، قال : حدثنا أبو عمرو محمد بن جعفر المقري الجرجاني ، قال ، : حدثنا أبو بكر محمد بن الحسن الموصلي ببغداد ، قال : حدثنا محمد ابن عاصم الطريفي ، قال : حدثنا عباس بن يزيد بن الحسن الكحال مولى زيد بن علي ، قال : حدثني أبي ، قال : حدثني موسى بن جعفر ، عن أبيه جعفر بن محمد ، عن أبيه محمد بن علي ، عن أبيه علي بن الحسين عليهم‌السلام ، قال : الامام منا لا يكون إلا معصوما وليست العصمة في ظاهر الخلقة فيعرف بها ولذلك لا يكون إلا منصوصا. فقيل له : يا ابن رسول الله فما معنى المعصوم؟ فقال : هو المعتصم بحبل الله ، وحبل الله هو القرآن لا يفترقان إلى يوم القيامة ، والامام يهدي إلى القرآن والقرآن يهدي إلى الامام ، وذلك قول الله عزوجل : « إن هذا القرآن يهدي للتي هي أقوم

Narrated Musa bin Jafar (as), from His father Jafar bin Mohammad (as) from His father Mohammad bin Ali (as), from His father Ali bin al-Husain (as), that the Imam (as) said,

"The Imam from Us is not but Infallible (Ma'soom). And the infallibility is not something that can be known from external appearance. And the Imam is not but Mansoos (i.e. established by evidence from textual sources of Quran and Ahadith).

The Imam (as) was asked, "O Son of the Messenger of Allah (saww), "What is meant by 'Infallible'?" 

Imam (as) said, "(It means that) The Imam is attached to the rope of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى. And the rope of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى is the Quran. These 2 will never separate until the day of Qayamah. And the Imam guides towards the Quran and the Quran guides towards the Imam. And that is the saying of Allah (azw), 'Surely this Quran guides to that which is most upright' (17:9)"

[Source: Ma'ani al-Akhbar - Shaikh Sadooq, Pg. 122]

 

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In the chapter al-Takathur, Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى warns the people about getting lost in the worldly affairs and forgetting the hereafter and that the people will come to know of the truth only once they reach their grave. And then suddenly in the last verse, Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى says that the people will be questioned about a blessing that Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى had bestowed upon them.  Below are Ahadith from the Imam's (as) informing us of what that blessing is.
 
 

ما ذكره محمد بن العباس (رحمه الله) قال حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن حاتم عن حسن بن عبد الواحد عن القاسم بن ضحاك عن أبي حفص الصائغ عن الإمام جعفر بن محمد(ع)أنه قال‌ ثُمَّ لَتُسْئَلُنَّ يَوْمَئِذٍ عَنِ النَّعِيمِ‌ و الله ما هو الطعام و الشراب و لكن ولايتنا أهل البيت‌

Narrated from Imam Jafar bin Mohammad (as) who said:

 
Regarding the verse, "Then you will surely be asked that Day about the blessing" (102:8), By Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى, the blessing is not food or drinks but it is Our the AhlulBait's (as) Wilayah"
 
[Source: Taweel al-Aayat, Pg. 810]
 
 

اخبرنا احمد بن إدريس عن احمد بن محمد عن سلمة بن عطا عن جميل عن ابي عبدالله (عليه السلام) قال قلت قول الله: لتسئلن يومئذ عن النعيم قال: قال تسئل هذه الامة عما انعم الله عليهم برسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) ثم بأهل بيته المعصومين (عليهم السلام)

 

Narrated from Abi Abdillah Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) regarding the verse, "Then you will surely be asked that Day about the blessing" (102:8)

Imam (as) said, "This community (Ummah) will be questioned about the blessing that Allah (set) blessed them with in the form of the Prophet (saww) and His AhlulBait (as).
 
[Source: Tafeer al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 440]
 
 
حدثنا الحاكم أبو علي الحسين بن أحمد البيهقي قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى الصولي قال: حدثنا أبو ذكوان القاسم بن إسماعيل بسيراف سنة خمس وثمانين ومأتين قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن عباس الصولي الكاتب بالاهواز سنة سبع وعشرين ومأتين قال كنا يوما بين يدي علي بن موسى عليهما السلام فقال لي: ليس في الدنيا نعيم حقيقي فقال له بعض الفقهاء ممن يحضره: فيقول الله عز وجل (ثم لتسألن يومئذ عن النعيم) أما هذا النعيم في الدنيا وهو الماء البارد فقال له الرضا عليه السلام وعلا صوته: كذا فسرتموه أنتم وجعلتموه على ضروب فقالت طائفة: هو الماء البارد وقال غيرهم: هو الطعام الطيب وقال آخرون: هو النوم الطيب قال الرضا عليه السلام: ولقد حدثني أبي عن أبيه أبي عبد الله الصادق عليه السلام أن أقوالكم هذه ذكرت عنده في قول الله تعالى: (ثم لتسئلن يومئذ عن النعيم) فغضب عليه السلام وقال: إن الله عزوجل لا يسأل عباده عما تفضل عليهم به ولا يمن بذلك عليهم والامتنان بالانعام مستقبح من المخلوقين فكيف يضاف إلى الخالق عز وجل ما لا يرضي المخلوق به؟! ولكن النعيم حبنا أهل البيت وموالاتنا يسأل الله عباده عنه بعد التوحيد والنبوة لأن العبد إذا وفا بذلك أداه إلى نعيم الجنة الذي لا يزول ولقد حدثني بذلك أبي عن أبيه عن آبائه عن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام أنه قال: قال رسول الله (ص): يا على إن أول ما يسأل عنه العبد بعد موته شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله (ص) وإنك ولي المؤمنين بما جعله الله وجعلته لك فمن أقر بذلك وكان يعتقده صار إلى النعيم الذي لا زوال له 
 

In the year 285 A.H. (897 A.D.), al-Hakim Abu Ali Al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Bayhaqi narrated that Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Sowli quoted on the authority of Abu Thakwan Al-Qasim ibn Isma'il in Seiraf on the authority of Ibrahim ibn Abbas al-Sowli al-Katib in (the city of) Ahwaz in the year 227 A.H. (841 A.D.),

 
"One day we were in the company of Ali ibn Musa Ridha (as) and He told me, "There is no true blessing in this world."
 
Some of the jurisprudents (Fuqaha) present there said, "Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى has said, "Then you will surely be asked that Day about the blessing"(102:8). As for this blessing in the world, its the cold water." 
 
Then Imam Ridha (as) told them in a loud voice, "That is how you interpret it and bring about several forms of interpretation for it."
 
Some said, 'It is cold water.' Others said, 'It is delicious food.' Still others said, 'It is good sleep.' 
 
Imam Ridha (as) said, "I quote on the authority of my father (as), on the authority of his father Abi Abdullah Imam As-Sadiq (as) that what you said about the Sublime God's words, "Then you will surely be asked that Day about the blessing" (102:8), were told to him.

Then Imam As-Sadiq (as) got angry and said, "Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى will neither question His servants about what He has nobly bestowed upon them, nor will He mention it to them. This is not even good for the Allah's creations to do, then How could they ascribe to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى what His creatures will not be pleased with? However, the true blessing is the love for us - the Members of the Holy Household. This is what God will question the people about after questioning them about the Unity of God and the Prophet-hood. If one has been loyal to this he will be rewarded with Heaven which is the Eternal blessing. 
 
My father had indeed hear this from his father (as) who had heard it from his forefathers (as) all the way back to the Amir al-Momineen (as) who said, "The Prophet (saww) said, "O Ali! Indeed, the first thing that one will be questioned about after death is to testify that, There is no god but God and that, Muhammad (a.s.) is God's Messenger. He will also be questioned about testifying that, You (Ali) are the one with authority over the believers due to the authority which God has established and I have established for you. Whoever believes in these will be sent to the blessing in which there is no end."
 
[Source: Uyoon al-Akbar al-Redha, Chapter. 35, Hadith. 8]

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Chapter: 20, Verse: 82:

From Aba Jafar Imam Baqir (as), about the saying of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى, "And most surely I am most Forgiving to him who repents and believes and does good, then continues to be guided" (20:82)

Imam (as) said, Don't you see how it has been made conditional? And repentance and belief and good deeds will not benifit him unless he is guided. By Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى, if he struggles to do (good) deeds, it will not be accepted from him unless he is guided.

I (the narrator) said, "(guided) towards whom? May I be sacrificed upon You"

Imam (as) said, "Towards Us"

علي بن إبراهيم، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن علي، قال: حدثنا الحسن بن عبد الله، عن السندي بن محمد، عن أبان، عن الحارث بن يحيى، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام) ، في قول الله: وَإِنِّي لَغَفَّارٌ لِمَنْ تابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صالِحاً ثُمَّ اهْتَدى‏ . قال: ألا ترى كيف اشترط، ولم تنفعه التوبة ولا الإيمان والعمل الصالح حتى اهتدى. والله، لو جهد أن يعمل بعمل، ما قبل منه حتى يهتدي. قال: قلت: إلى من، جعلني الله فداك؟ قال: إلينا

[Source: Tafseer al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 61]

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This chapter of the Holy Qur'an is named after the Prophet (saww) and tafseer of its verses talk about the successor of the Prophet, Imam Ali (as).
 
 
 
ابن شهرآشوب: عن جعفر، وأبي جعفر (عليهما السلام) ، في قوله تعالى: الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا : يعني بني أمية وَصَدُّوا عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ‏ عن ولاية علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلام)
 
 
From Aba Jafar Imam Mohammad Baqir (asws),
 
About the saying of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى, "Those who disbelieved (47:1), meaning Bani Umayyah, and turned people away from the path of Allah (47:1) i.e. from the Wilayah of Ali ibn Abi Talib (asws).
 
[Source: al-Manaqib, Vol. 3, Pg. 72]
 
 
علي بن إبراهيم، قال: أخبرنا الحسين بن محمد، عن المعلى بن محمد بإسناده، عن إسحاق بن عمار، قال: قال أبو عبد الله (عليه السلام): « وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ وَآمَنُوا بِما نُزِّلَ عَلى‏ مُحَمَّدٍ في علي‏ وَهُوَ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ كَفَّرَ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئاتِهِمْ وَأَصْلَحَ بالَهُمْ‏ ، هكذا نزلت
 
From Aba Abdillah Imam Sadiq (asws):
 
(About the verse), "And (as for) those who believe and do good, and believe in what has been revealed to Muhammad (saww) "regarding Imam Ali (as)", and it is the very truth from their Lord, He will remove their evil from them and improve their condition. (47:2)" This is how the verse was revealed.
 
[Source: Tafseer al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 301]
 
 
ثم قال علي بن إبراهيم: حدثنا جعفر بن أحمد، قال: حدثنا عبد الكريم بن عبد الرحيم، عن محمد بن علي، عن محمد بن الفضيل، عن أبي حمزة، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام)، قال: «نزل جبرئيل (عليه السلام) على رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) بهذه الآية هكذا: ذلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَرِهُوا ما أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ‏ في علي‏ فَأَحْبَطَ الله‏ أَعْمالَهُمْ‏
 
 
From Aba Jafar Imam Sadiq (asws) who said:
 
Jibraeel descended upon the Prophet (saww) with this like verse like this, "That is because they hated what Allah revealed "Regarding Ali (as)", so Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى rendered their deeds null."
 
[Source: Tafseer al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 302]
 
 
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