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muhibb-ali

Status & Authority Of Ahlebait (as) From Quran

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Salam.

Have started a page of 'Tafseer' on my website.

http://www.marefatea...ait.com/tafseer

The Purpose of this page is to highlight the status & authority of the AhlulBait (as) from the verses of the Holy Quran and Tafsir from the narrations of the Imam's (as).

Tafseer of Bismillah:

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد، قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسين الصفار، عن العباس بن معروف، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عمن حدثه، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام): أنه سئل عن (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم) ؟ فقال: " الباء بهاء الله، والسين سناء الله، والميم ملك الله. قال: قلت: الله ؟ قال: الألف آلاء الله على خلقه من النعيم بولايتنا، واللام إلزام الله خلقه على ولايتنا. قلت: فالهاء ؟ فقال: هوان لمن خالف محمدا وآل محمد صلوات الله عليهم أجمعين

Narrated to me (Sheikh Sadooq) Muhammad bin Husain Al-Saffar, from Abbas bin Ma'roof, from Safwaan bin Yahya, from Aba Abdillah (as):

I (narrator) asked about "Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Raheem".

Imam (as) said, 'BA' is for glory of Allah, 'SEEN' is for splendor of Allah, 'MEEM' is for Kingdom of Allah.

I (narrator) asked what is meant by "Allah".

Imam (as) said: 'Alif' stands for the Blessing (Nemat) of our Wilayat on Gods creations. 'Laam' stands for the obligation of our Wilayat on Gods creations. And 'Hey' stands for disgrace for those who oppose Muhammad (saww) and the progeny of Muhammad (as).”

[source: At-Tauheed, Sheikh Sadooq, Pg. 230]

http://www.marefatea...ait.com/tafseer

I will continue to post on this thread as I keep on adding on to my website for the benefit of those who are on shiachat.com

Wassalam

Edited by muhibb-ali

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(bismillah)

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد، قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسين الصفار، عن العباس بن معروف، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عمن حدثه

Last guy is just "someone" that was mentioned, so majhool - some would still consider it a qawwi chain. I don't find the content strange or problematic. Accepting the narration is okay, I believe.

في امان الله

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(bismillah)

Last guy is just "someone" that was mentioned, so majhool - some would still consider it a qawwi chain. I don't find the content strange or problematic. Accepting the narration is okay, I believe.

في امان الله

You don't find the following strange?

I (narrator) asked what is meant by "Allah".

Imam (as) said: 'Alif' stands for the Blessing (Nemat) of our Wilayat on Gods creations. 'Laam' stands for the obligation of our Wilayat on Gods creations. And 'Hey' stands for disgrace for those who oppose Muhammad (saww) and the progeny of Muhammad (as).”

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(bismillah)

You don't find the following strange?

It's in the context of the bismillah. I'm not going to say this is the meaning. As the ayaat and kalimaat of the Qur'an have many meanings - especially if you consider the batini ones, and these deep layered meanings don't contradict. Interpret it in a non-ghuluw way, Saduq narrates it, chain isn't completely horrid. Accepting it or doing tawaqquf either way don't make a difference practically speaking. It's a possibility they [as] said this, so leave it open.

في امان الله

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Salam.

Would really appreciate if new threads could be started for discussions.

I have started this specific topic for posting updates from my collection.

Quran - 34:28

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا كَافَّةً لِّلنَّاسِ بَشِيرًا وَنَذِيرًا وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

"We have not sent thee but as a universal (Messenger) to men, giving them glad tidings, and warning them (against sin), but most men understand not." [34:28]

(Quoting only a part of a lengthy narration)

قلت : جُعلتُ فِداك فهل يرى الإمام ما بين المشرق والمغرب ؟ فقال : يا ابن بُكَير فكيف يكون حُجّة الله على ما بين قطريها وهو لا يَراهم ولا يحكم فيهم ؟ ! وكيف يكون حجّةً على قوم غيّب لا يقدر عليهم ولا يقدرون عليه ؟ وكيف يكون مؤدّياً عن الله وشاهداً على الخلق وهو لا يراهم؟ وكيف يكون حجّةً عليهم وهو محجوب عنهم؟ وقد جعل بينهم وبينه أن يقوم بأمر رَبّه فيهم ، والله يقول : «وَما أرْسَلْناكَ إلاّ كافَّةً لِلنّاسِ» يعني به مَن على الأرض والحجَّة مِن بعد النَّبيِّ صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم يقوم مقام النَّبيِّ مِن بعده وهو الدَّليل على ما تشاجَرَتْ فيه الاُمّة ، والأخذ بحقوق النّاس ، والقيام بأمر الله ، والمنصف لبعضهم مِن بعضٍ

I (narrator) asked, "May I sacrifise myself for you. Can the Imam (as) see everything from the East to the West?"

Imam Sadiq (as) said, "O Son of Bukayr, How can he be the decisive Proof of Allah (swt) over the entire earth without seeing and ruling over everyone? And how can he be the Decisive Proof over people who are not in his presence, who cannot reach him and over whom he has no power?How can he convey the message of Allah and act as Allah's witness over the creation if he cannot see them? How can he be the Decisive Proof on the people if he is hidden from them? while he has been appointed as the medium between the slaves and Allah (swt) so that he carries out the orders of his Lord to them?

And Allah (swt) says, "We have not sent you but to all manking" [34:28]. This verse refers to everything on earth. The Decisive Proof after the Messenger of Allah (swt) fills the post of the Messenger of Allah (swt) after him. He is the judge in that which the nation disagrees about, the one who gives the people their rights, the one who carries out the orders of Allah, and He is the one who justly rules between the people.

[source: Kamil Al-Ziyarat, Ch. 108, Hadees. 2]

http://www.marefateahlebait.com/tafseer/34-saba/verse-28

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Imam's (as) are the door of Hitta (Repentance)

Chapter: 2, Verse: 58

وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ نَّغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطَايَاكُمْ

"And enter the door prostrate and say “Repentance”, We will forgive you your sins"

روي عن الباقر (عليه السلام) أنه قال نحن باب حطتكم

Narrated from Imam Baqir (as) and He (as) said, "We are the door of Hittah (Repentance) for you"

[source: Tafseer e Majm'a Al-Bayan, Vol. 1, Pg. 210]

عن سليمان الجعفرى قال : سمعت أبا الحسن الرضا عليه السلام في قول الله " وقولوا حطة نغفر لكم خطاياكم " قال : فقال أبوجعفر عليه السلام نحن باب حطتكم

Narrated from Sulayman Al-Jafari who said, I heard Abal Hasan Al-Reza (as) say regarding the saying of Allah سبحانه وتعالى, "Say Repentence, We will forgive you your sins." Imam (as) said, "We are the door of Hittah (Repentance) for you."

[source: Tafseer-e-Ayyashi, Vol. 1, Pg. 45]

http://www.marefatea...qara-2/verse-58

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Chapter: 17, Verse: 85 - The Spirit is with the Imam's (as)

وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي وَمَا أُوتِيتُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

"They ask thee concerning the Spirit, Say: "The Spirit is from the command of my Lord. And of knowledge it is only a little that is communicated to you." [17:85]

علي بن إبراهيم، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن يونس، عن ابن مسكان، عن أبي بصير قال: سألت أبا عبدالله عليه السلام عن قول الله عزوجل: " يسألونك عن الروح قل الروح من أمر ربي " قال: خلق أعظم من جبرئيل وميكائيل، كان مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وهو مع الائمة، وهو من الملكوت

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following.

"I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (as) about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. ‘They ask you about the Spirit. Say, "The Spirit comes by the command of my Lord . . .’" [17:85]

The Imam (as) said, "He is a creature greater than Jibril and Mika’il. He was with the Messenger of Allah and he is present with the Imams (as). He is from the realm of the angels."

[source: AL-Kafi, Vol. 1 Pg. 273]

Note: Authentic (Saheeh) as per the chain of narrators. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.3 Pg.171]

علي، عن ابيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن أبي أيوب الخزاز، عن أبي بصير قال: سمعت أبا عبدالله عليه السلام يقول: " يسألونك عن الروح قل الروح من أمر ربي " قال: خلق أعظم من جبرئيل وميكائيل، لم يكن مع أحد ممن مضى، غير محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وهو مع الائمة يسددهم، وليس كل ما طلب وجد

Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from abu Basir who has said the following.

"I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (as) say, ‘They ask you about the Spirit. Say, "The Spirit comes by the command of my Lord . . .’" [17:85]

The Imam (as) said, "He is a creature greater than Jibril and Mika’il. He was not present with anyone before except Muhammad (saww). He is present with the Imams (as). He protects them. It is not that whatever is desired is found."

[source: AL-Kafi, Vol. 1 Pg. 273]

Note: Good (Hasan) as per the chain of narrators. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.3 Pg.171]

http://www.marefateahlebait.com/tafseer/-17-al-israa/verse-85

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Chapter: 2, Verse: 143 - Imam's (as) witness over the people

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطًا لِّتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيدًا

"Thus, have We made of you an Ummat justly balanced, that ye might be witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves." [2:143]

علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن ابن اذينة، عن بريد العجلي قال: قلت لابي جعفر)عليه السلام (قول الله تبارك وتعالى: " وكذلك جعلناكم امة وسطا لتكونوا شهداء على الناس ويكون الرسول عليكم شهيدا " قال: نحن الامة الوسط ونحن شهداء الله تبارك وتعالى على خلقه، وحججه في أرضه، قلت: قوله تعالى: " يا أيها الذين آمنوا اركعوا واسجدوا واعبدوا ربكم وافعلوا الخير لعلكم تفلحون * وجاهدوا في الله حق جهاده هو اجتباكم " قال: إيانا عنى ونحن المجتبون، ولم يجعل الله تبارك وتعالى في الدين " من حرج " فالحرج أشد من الضيق " ملة أبيكم إبراهيم " إيانا عنى خاصة و " سماكم المسلمين " الله سمانا المسلمين " من قبل " في الكتب التي مضت " وفي هذا " القرآن " ليكون الرسول عليكم شهيدا وتكونوا شهداء على الناس " فرسول الله) صلى الله عليه وآله( الشهيد علينا بما بلغنا عن الله تبارك وتعالى، ونحن الشهداء على الناس، فمن صدق يوم القيامة صدقناه ومن كذب كذبناه

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ’Udhayna from Burayd al-‘Ijli who has said the following.

"I asked (Imam) abu Ja'far (as) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High,

‘We have made you (true Muslims) a moderate nation so that you would be (witness) an example for all people and the Prophet (a witness) an example for you . . .." [2:143]

The Imam (as) said, "We are the moderate nation and we are the witness for Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, over the activities of His creatures and possess His authority on earth."

I then asked about the meaning of the following verse of the Holy Quran that says,

"Believers, worship your Lord, bow down and prostrate yourselves before Him and do virtuous deeds so that perhaps you will have everlasting happiness. Strive steadfastly for the cause of Allah. He has chosen you. ." [22:77-78]

The Imam (as) said, "It refers to us and we are the chosen ones. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has not sanctioned anything in religion that would be a constraint up on the people. Al-Haraj (hardships) is more serious than al-Diq (constraint.) " . . .But has not imposed on you hardship in your religion, the noble religion of your father, Abraham. Allah named you Muslims before and in this Book, so that the Messenger will witness (your actions) and you will be the witness over mankind." [22:78]

The Imam (as) said, " ‘Your father’ also is a reference to us. Allah has called us specially as Muslims in the heavenly books that were revealed before and in this Holy Book (the Holy Quran) The Holy Prophet (as) has testified in our favor by conveying the message of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. We bear witness to the activities of the people and on the Day of Judgment certify the faith of those who have acknowledged our Divine authority and reject those who have rejected our Divine authority."

[source: Al-kafi, Vol. 1 Pg. 191]

Note: Good (Hasan) near Majlisi as per the chain of narrators. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.2 Pg.343]

http://www.marefateahlebait.com/tafseer/al-baqara-2/verse-143

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Imam's (as) seeing heavens and the earth

Chapter: 6, Verse: 75

وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُرِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلِيَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُوقِنِينَ "So also did We show Abraham the power and the laws of the heavens and the earth, that he might (with understanding) have certitude." [6:75]

حدثنا محمد عن عبدالله بن محمد بن حجال عن ثلعبة عن عبدالرحيم عن ابى جعفر عليه السلام في هذه الاية وكذلك نرى ابراهيم ملكوت السموات والارضوليكون من الموقنين قال كشط له عن الارض حتى رأها ومن فيها وعن السماء حتى رأها ومن فيها والملك الذى يحملها والعرش ومن عليه وكذلك ارى صاحبكم

Narrated to me Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Hajjal, from Salabah, from Abd Al-Rahman from Aba Jafar (as) regarding this verse:

“So also did We show Abraham the power and the laws of the heavens and the earth, that he might (with understanding) have certitude.” [6:75]

He (as) said, “The earth was opened for him [ibraheem (as)] until he saw it and saw what was in it and was opened for him the sky until he saw it and what was in it and saw the Angel who was carrying it and saw the throne (Arsh) and what was on it and the same is for your Master [imam (as)].”

[source: Basair Al-Darajat, Page. 120, Hadees. 1]

There are quite a few similar narrations with the same meaning in Basair Al-Darajat

http://www.marefatea...seer/6/verse-75

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Chapter: 3Verse: 42

وَإِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَاكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفَاكِ عَلَىٰ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ

"Behold! the angels said: "O Mary! Allah hath chosen thee and purified thee- chosen thee above the women of all nations." [3:42]

وبهذا الاسناد قال : حدثنا أحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني ، قال : حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم ، قال : حدثنا جعفر بن سلمة ، قال : حدثنا إبراهيم بن محمد الثقفي ، عن إبراهيم بن موسى بن اخت الواقدي ، قال : حدثنا أبو قتادة الحراني ، عن عبد الرحمان بن العلا الحضرمي ، عن سعيد بن المسيب ، عن ابن عباس قال : ان رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) كان جالسا ذات يوم وعنده علي وفاطمة والحسن والحسين ( عليهم السلام ) فقال : اللهم إنك تعلم ان هؤلاء أهل بيتي وأكرم الناس علي ، فاحبب من يحبهم وابغض من يبغضهم ووال من والاهم وعاد من عاداهم واعن من أعانهم ، واجعلهم مطهرين من كل رجس معصومين من كل ذنب وأيدهم بروح القدس منك .

ثم قال ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : يا علي أنت إمام امتي وخليفتي عليها بعدي وأنت قائد المؤمنين إلى الجنة ، وكأني أنظر الى ابنتي فاطمة قد أقبلت يوم القيامة على نجيب من نور ، عن يمينها سبعون ألف ملك وعن شمالها سبعون ألف ملك وبين يديها سبعون ألف ملك وخلفها سبعون ألف ملك ، تقود مؤمنات امتي إلى الجنة ، فأيما امرأة صلت في اليوم والليلة خمس صلوات وصامت شهر رمضان ، وحجت بيت الحرام وزكت مالها وأطاعت زوجها ووالت عليا بعدي دخلت الجنة بشفاعة ابنتي فاطمة ، وانها سيدة نساء العالمين ، فقيل : يارسول الله هي سيدة نساء عالمها ؟

فقال عليه وآله السلام : ذاك لمريم بنت عمران ، فأما ابنتي فهي سيدة نساء العالمين من الأولين والآخرين ، وانها لتقوم في محرابها فيسلم عليها سبعون ألف ( ملك ) من الملائكة المقربين ، وينادونها بما نادت به الملائكة مريم فيقولون : يا فاطمة ! ان الله اصطفاك وطهرك واصطفاك على نساء العالمين .

ثم التفت إلى علي ( عليه السلام ) فقال : يا علي ! ان فاطمة بضعة مني ، ونور عيني وثمرة فؤادي ، يسوؤني ما ساءها ويسرني ما سرها ، وانها أول لحوق يلحقني من أهل بيتي فأحسن إليها بعدي ، واما الحسن والحسين فهما ابناي وريحانتاي وهما سيدا شباب أهل الجنة ، فليكونا عليك كسمعك وبصرك .

ثم رفع ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) يديه إلى السماء فقال : اللهم اني اشهد ( ك ) أني محب لمن أحبهم ومبغض لمن أبغضهم ، وسلم لمن سالمهم وحرب لمن حاربهم ، وعدو لمن عاداهم وولي لمن والاهم

With the previous chanin of narrators: Ahmed bin Ziyad bin Jaafar Al-Hamdani, from Ali bin Ibrahim bin Hashim. from Jaafar bin Salmah. from Ibrahim bin Mohammad Al-Thaqafi. from Ibrahim bin Musa. from Abu Qotadah Al-Harrani. from Abdul Rahman bin Ala Al.Hazrami. from Saeed bin Musayeb. from Ibnh Abbas, who said:

The Messenger of Allaht (saww) was with Ali, Fatema, Hasan, and Husain (as) one day when he said:

O Allah! You know that they are my family and they are the most honourable people in my eyes. O Allah! Love those who love them, and hate those who hate them. Befriend their friends, antagonize those who antagonize them, and support those who support them. O Allah! Purify them from any uncleanliness; make them infallible and support them with the Holy Spirit.

Then the Prophet (saww): said:

O Ali! You are the Imam of my nation, you are my caliph on my nation after me, and you will lead the believers to Paradise.

It is as if l can see my daughter, Fatema, on the Day of Judgement. She will be brought on a platform made of light. There will be seventy thousand angels to her right, seventy thousand angels to her left, seventy thousand angels in front of her, and seventy thousand angels behind her, and she will be leading the (female) believers of my nation to Paradise.

Every woman who prays live times a day, fasts in the month of Ramadhan, goes to Elajj, pays Zakaat, obeys her husband, and accepts the Wilayat of Ali after me will enter Paradise with the intercession of my daughter.

Fatema is the Master of All of the Worlds' Women. People asked, "Is she the master of the women of her time?"

The Prophet (saww) replied replied: "Maryam was the master of the women of her time. My daughter, fatema, is the Master of All of the World's Women from the first to the last. Every time she stands in her mihrab for prayers, seventy thousand high-ranked angels come and say Salaam to her.

The angels call out to her, 'O Fatema! "Verily, Allah has chosen you, and purified you, and chosen you above all the women of the worlds" (3:42), which is the same way the angels used to call Maryam.

Then the Prophet (saww) looked at Ali and said:

O Ali! Fatema is a piece of my flesh, she is the light of my eyes, and she is the apple of my heart. That which saddens her saddens me, and that which pleases her pleases me. She is the first one (from my family) who will join me, so treat her with kindness after me.

As for Hasan and Husain, they are my sons and my flowers. They are the Masters of the Youth of Paradise, so treat them like you would treat your eyes and ears.

Then the Prophetes raised his hands toward the sky and said:

O Allah! I testify that I love those who love them. I hate those who hate them. I am at peace with those who are at peace with them. I fight those who fight them. I am the enemy of their enemies, and I am the friend of their friends.'

[source: Bisharatul Mustafa Le Shiyyat-e-Mustafa, Chapter. 4, Hadees. 89]

For more: http://www.marefatea...ait.com/tafseer

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Knowledge of the Imam's (as)

Chapter: 36, Verse: 12

وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ فِي إِمَامٍ مُّبِينٍ

“And we have kept the account of everything in an evident Imam” [36:12]

Following is taken from the sermon of Prophet Muhammad on the day of Ghadeer, as narrated by Imam Muhammad Baqir (as).

معاشر الناس ما من علم إلا و قد أحصاه الله في و كل علم علمنيه قد علمته عليا و المتقين من ولده و هو الإمام المبين الذي ذكره الله في سورة يس وَ كُلَّ شَيْ ءٍ أَحْصَيْناهُ فِي إِمامٍ مُبِينٍ

“O People! There is no knowledge except that Allah has kept its account in Me. And all the knowledge that I have, have taught Ali and the Pious ones from his progeny [imam’s (as)] and He [Ali (as)] is the evident Imams that has been mentioned by Allah in Chapter of Yasin, “And we have kept the account of everything in an evident Imam”. [36:12]

[source: Al-Yaqin, Sayyid Ibn Tawus, Pg. 350]

Variation of the same narration can be found in other books also like Ehtejaaj by Allama Tabrisi.

http://www.marefatea...yaseen/verse-12

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Why Adam (as) is not Ulil Azm?

Chapter: 20 Verse: 115

وَلَقَدْ عَهِدْنَا إِلَىٰ آدَمَ مِن قَبْلُ فَنَسِيَ وَلَمْ نَجِدْ لَهُ عَزْمًا

“We had already, beforehand, taken the covenant of Adam, but he forgot: and We found on his part no firm determination” [20:115]

محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن داود العجلي، عن زرارة، عن حمران، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: إن الله تبارك وتعالى حيث خلق الخلق خلق ماء عذبا وماء مالحا اجاجا، فامتزج الماء ان، فأخذ طينا من أديم الارض فعركه عركا شديدا، فقال لاصحاب اليمين وهم كالذر يدبون: إلى الجنة بسلام وقال لاصحاب الشمال: إلى النار ولا ابالي، ثم قال: " ألست بربكم؟ قالوا: بلى شهدنا أن تقولوا يوم القيامة إنا كنا عن هذا غافلين " ثم أخذ الميثاق على النبيين، فقال: ألست بربكم وأن هذا محمد رسولي، وأن هذا علي أمير المؤمنين؟ قالوا: بلى فثبتت لهم النبوة وأخذ الميثاق على اولي العزم أنني ربكم ومحمد رسولي وعلي أمير المؤمنين وأوصياؤه من بعده ولاة أمري وخزان علمي عليهم السلام وأن المهدي أنتصر به لديني واظهر به دولتي وأنتقم به من أعدائي واعبد به طوعا وكرها قالوا: أقررنا يا رب وشهدنا، ولم يجحد آدم ولم يقر فثبتت العزيمة لهؤلاء الخسمة في المهدي ولم يكن لآدم عزم على الاقرار به وهو قوله عزوجل: " ولقد عهدنا إلى آدم من قبل فنسي ولم نجدله عزما " قال: إنما هو: فترك ثم أمر نارا فاججت فقال لاصحاب الشمال: ادخلوها فهابوها، وقال لاصحاب اليمين: ادخلوها فدخلوها فكانت عليهم بردا وسلاما، فقال أصحاب الشمال: يارب أقلنا، فقال: قد أقلتكم اذهبوا فاد خلوها، فها بوها، فثم ثبتت الطاعة والولاية والمعصية

Narrated from Abi Jafar (as):

When Allah wanted to create creation, He first created sweet water, and soar water. and then He mixed them. and then He mixed the soil which was made on it. and from that, creatures originated which got to the right and to the left. so He told those to the right to go to heaven with peace. and He told the ones on the left, to go to hell as He does not care for them. then He asked them: am I not your Lord? they replied: yes. this testimony was so that they dont say on day of qayamat that they were not aware.

Then He took oath from Prophets (as) that am I not your Lord and Mohammad (saww) your Prophet and Ali (as) your Amir-ul-momineen?

They said: yes, with this, their Prophet hood was testified.

And then He took oath from those Prophets who had strength (Ulil-Azm) that He is the Lord, Mohammad (as) is the Prophet, Ali (as) is the Amir-ul-momineen and the Ausia (as) who would come, they are the owners of His Amr and treasurers of His knowledge. And Mehdi (ajfs), through him will help my religion and through him would show my wealth and through him I will take the revenge from those who are my enemies and through him they would obey me if they like it or not.

They said: we accept and we testify O Lord! But Adam neither accepted nor rejected. so Azm/strength was proven for 5 of them regarding Mehdi (atfs) and Adam (as) did not get Azm/determination regarding him and so Allah said:- “We took oath from Adam (as) , but he forgot and we did not find Azm in him”. [20:115]

Imam (as) said: Here it means left.

Then Allah ordered fire so it lit up. So He told people on left to enter, but they did not. Then He told people on right to enter, they entered. and fire got cooled and peaceful. Then people on left said: forgive us. He said: forgiven, but now enter but they did not

from here, obedience, wilayat and disobedience are proven.

[source: Al-Kafi, Vol. 2 Pg. 8]

Note: Authentic Hadees as per the Chain of Narrators

عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن مفضل بن صالح عن جابر، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في قول الله عزوجل: " ولقد عهدنا إلى أدم من قبل فنسي ولم نجد له عزما " قال عهدنا إليه في محمد والائمة من بعده، فترك ولم يكن له عزم أنهم هكذا وإنما سمي أولوا العزم اولي العزم لانه عهد إليهم في محمد والاوصياء من بعده والمهدي وسيرته وأجمع عزمهم على أن ذلك كذلك والاقرار به

A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Mufaddal ibn Salih from Jabir from abu ‘Abd Allah (as) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Gracious.

"We had already, beforehand, taken the covenant of Adam, but he forgot: and We found on his part no firm determination"[20:115]

The Imam (as) said, "It means that Allah took covenant from Adam about Muhammad (s.a.) and the Imams after him. He forgot it and he did not have Azm/firm determination. They are called ’Ulu al-‘Azm because with them a covenant was established to acknowledge Walaya (Leadership with Divine Authority) of Muhammad (s.a.) and the executors of his will and al-Mahdi and his discipline. They established their determination to acknowledge Walaya of Muhammad and the executors of his will."

[source: Al-Kafi, Vol. 2 Pg. 8]

الحسين بن محمد، عن معلى بن محمد، عن جعفر بن محمد بن عبيد الله، عن محمد بن عيسى القمي، عن محمد بن سليمان، عن عبدالله بن سنان، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام في قوله: " ولقد عهدنا إلى آدم من قبل " كلمات في محمد وعلي وفاطمة والحسن والحسين والائمة عليهم السلام من ذريتهم " فنسي " هكذا والله نزلت على محمد صلى الله عليه وآله

Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from Ja‘far ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ubayd Allah from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa al-Qummi from Muhammad ibn Sulayman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from abu ‘Abd Allah (as) about the words of Allah.

"We had already, beforehand, taken the covenant of Adam. (The commands consisted of certain words about Ali, Fatima, al-Hassan, al-Husayn and the Imams from their descendants (as) He (Adam) forgot Our covenant . . ." [20:115]

This is how it was revealed, by Allah, about Muhammad and his family, said the Imam (as)."

[source: Al-Kafi, Vol. 2 Pg. 8]

http://www.marefatea...-taha/verse-115

Edited by muhibb-ali

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AhlulBait (as) dint prostrate to Adam (as)

Chapter: 38 Verse: 75

قَالَ يَا إِبْلِيسُ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَن تَسْجُدَ لِمَا خَلَقْتُ بِيَدَيَّ ۖ أَسْتَكْبَرْتَ أَمْ كُنتَ مِنَ الْعَالِينَ

Eblis, what prevented you from prostrating before what I have created with My own hands? Was it because of your pride or are you one of those who are exalted?' [38:75]

حدّثنا عبد الله بن محمد بن عبد الوهاب عن أبي الحسن محمد بن أحمد القواريري، عن أبي الحسين محمد بن عمّار، عن إسماعيل بن توبة، عن زياد بن عبد الله البكائي، عن سليمان بن الأعمش، عن أبي سعيد الخدري، قال: كنّا جلوساً مع رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وآله إذ أقبل إليه رجل فقال

يا رسول الله، أخبرني عن قول الله عزّ وجلّ لابليس: (أَسْتَكْبَرْتَ أمْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الْعَالِينَ) فمَن هم يا رسول الله الّذين هم أعلى من الملائكة؟ قال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وآله: أنا وعليّ وفاطمة والحسن والحسين، كنّا في سرادق العرش نسبّح الله وتسبّح الملائكة بتسبيحنا قبل أن يخلق الله عزّ وجلّ آدم بألفي عام. فلمّا خلق الله عزّ وجلّ آدم، أمر الملائكة أن يسجدوا له، ولم يأمرنا بالسجود فسجدت الملائكة كلّهم إلاّ إبليس فانّه أبى ولم يسجد. فقال الله تبارك وتعالى: (أَسْتَكْبَرْتَ أمْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الْعَالِينَ) عنى من هؤلاء الخمسة المكتوبة أسماؤهم في سرادق العرش

Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Abdul-Wahab narrated to us from Abu al-Hasan Mohammed bin Ahmed al-Qawariri from Abu al-Hussein Mohammed bin Ammar from Ismaeel bin Tawba from Ziyad bin Abdullah al-Bukaai from Sulaiman bin al-Amish that Abu Saeed al-Khidri related:

We were sitting with the Prophet (s) when a man came and asked him:

"O Allah's Messenger, Allah says: 'Eblis, what prevented you from prostrating before what I have created with My own hands? Was it because of your pride or are you one of those who are exalted?' [38:75] Who are those exalted ones whose ranks are higher than the angels'?"

The Prophet (s) answered: Those are Ali, Fatima, al-Hasan, al-Hussein, and I. We were in the pavilion of the Divine Throne praising Allah. The angels were imitating us. That was two thousand years before the creation of Adam. When He created Adam, Allah, Powerful and Exalted is He, ordered the angels to prostrate themselves before him. Allah did not include us in this order. All of the angels therefore prostrated except Eblis who rejected to prostrate. Referring to the five individuals whose names are recorded on the pavilion of the Divine Throne, Allah said to Eblis, 'Was it because of your pride or are you one of those who are exalted?

[source: Fazail ush Shia, Sheikh Sadooq, Hadees.7]

http://www.marefatea...8-saad/verse-75

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Imam's (as) greater than Ulul-Azm Prophets (as)

Chapter: 16, Verse: 89

æóíóæúãó äóÈúÚóËõ Ýöí ßõáöø ÃõãóøÉò ÔóåöíÏðÇ Úóáóíúåöã ãöøäú ÃóäÝõÓöåöãú æóÌöÆúäóÇ Èößó ÔóåöíÏðÇ Úóáóìٰ åóٰÄõáóÇÁö æóäóÒóøáúäóÇ Úóáóíúßó ÇáúßöÊóÇÈó ÊöÈúíóÇäðÇ áöøßõáöø ÔóíúÁò æóåõÏðì æóÑóÍúãóÉð æóÈõÔúÑóìٰ áöáúãõÓúáöãöíäó

"And on the day when We will raise up in every people a witness against them from among themselves, and bring you as a witness against these - and We have revealed the Book to you explaining clearly everything , a Guide, a Mercy, and Glad Tidings to Muslims." [16:89]

ÍÏËäÇ ãÍãÏ Èä ÇÓãÇÚíá Úä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚãÑæ ÇáÒíÇÊ Úä ÚÈÏ Çááå Èä ÇáæáíÏ ÞÇá ÞÇá áì ÃÈæ ÚÈÏ Çááå Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã Ãí ÔÆ íÞæá ÇáÔíÚÉ Ýí ÚíÓì æãæÓì æÇãíÑ ÇáãÄãäíä Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞáÊ íÞæáæä Çä ÚíÓì æãæÓì ÇÝÖá ãä ÇãíÑ ÇáãÄãäíä Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞÇá ÝÞÇá ÇíÒÚãæä Çä ÇãíÑ ÇáãÄãäíä Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞÏ Úáã ãÇ Úáã ÑÓæá Çááå ÞáÊ äÚã æáßä áÇ íÞÏãæä Úáì ÇæáæÇ ÇáÚÒã ãä ÇáÑÓá ÇÍÏÇ ÞÇá ÃÈæ ÚÈÏ Çááå Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÝÎÇÕãåã ÈßÊÇÈ Çááå ÞÇá ÞáÊ æÝì Ãí ãæÖÚ ãäå ÇÎÇÕãåã ÞÇá ÞÇá Çááå ÊÚÇáì áãæÓì æÂÊÈäÇ áå Ýí ÇáÇáæÇÍ ãä Âá ÔÆ ÚáãÇ Çäå áã íßÊÈ áãæÓì Âá ÔÆ æÞÇá Çááå ÊÈÇÑß æÊÚÇáì áÚíÓì æáÇÈíä áßã ÈÚÖ ÇáÐì ÊÎÊáÝæä Ýíå æÞÇá Çááå ÊÚÇáì áãÍãÏ Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÂáå æÌÆäÇ Èß Úáì åÄáÇÁ ÔåíÏÇ æäÒáäÇ Úáíß ÇáßÊÇÈ ÊÈíÇäÇ áßá ÔÆ

It has been narrated to us Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Muhammad Bin Amro Al-Ziyaat, from Abdullah Bin Al-Waleed who said:

Abu Abdullah (as) said to me: "What are the statements that (some of) ours followers say regarding Isa and Musa and Amir-ul-Momineen (as)?"

I said, "They are sayin that Isa and Musa are of higher (status) than Amir-ul-Momineen (as)".

He (as) said, "Do they not think that Amir-ul-Momineen (as) knew what was known to the Messenger of Allah (saww)?"

I said, "Yes, and I told them that Ali knew whatever the Prophet knew but they say that He (as) was not higher than any of the ‘Ul Ul Azm’ Prophets."

Abu Abdullah (as) said, "Debate with them by the Book of Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì."

I said, "And in which subject from it should I debate with them?"

He (as) said, "Allah(swt) the High said to Musa,

"And We Wrote for him in the Tablets everything from the knowledge" [7:145]. Allah (swt) did not Write for Musa all things.

And Allah (swt) Blessed and High Said for Isa, "And that I may make clear to you part of what you differ in" [43:63].

And Said for Muhammad (saww), "And on the day when We will raise up in every people a witness against them from among themselves, and bring you as a witness against these - and We have revealed the Book to you explaining clearly everything" [16:89].

[source: Basaair Al-Darajaat Vol. 5, Chapter. 5, Hadees.1]

In the above source there are 6 narrations with the same meaning (Matn). I am quoting another narration here.

ÍÏËäÇ Úáì Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÓÚÏ Úä ÚãÑÇä Èä ÓáíãÇä ÇáäíÓÇÈæÑí Úä ÚÈÏ Çááå Èä ãÍãÏ ÇáíãÇäí Úä ãäÈÚ Èä ÇáÍÌÇÌ Úä íæäÓ Úä ÇáÍÓíä Èä ÚáæÇä Úä ÇÈì ÚÈÏ Çááå Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞÇá Çä Çááå ÎáÞ Çæáì ÇáÚÒã ãä ÇáÑÓá ÈÇáÚáã ææÑËäÇ Úáãåã æÝÖáäÇ Úáíåã Ýí Úáãåã æÚáã ÑÓæá Çááå Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÂáå ãÇ áã íÚáãæÇ æÚáãäÇ Úáã ÇáÑÓæá æÚáãåã æÇãäÇÁ ÔíÚÊäÇ ÇÝÖáåã Çíä ãÇÂäÇ ÝÔíÚÊäÇ ãÚäÇ

It has been narrated to us Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Sa’d, from Umraan Bin Suleyman Al-Neyshapury, from Abdullah Bin Muhammad Al-Yamani, from Manba’a Bin Al-Hajaaj, from Yunus, from Al-Husayn Bin Alwaan who has said the following:

Abu Abdullah (as) said, "Allah (swt) Created the ‘Ul Ul Azm’ Prophets (as) from the Messengers (and distinguished them) by the knowledge, and We (as) inherited their knowledge, and Preferred Us (as) over them in their knowledge, and the knowledge of the Messenger of Allah (saww) is what they did not know, and Taught Us (as) the knowledge of the Messenger and their knowledge and (knowledge of) Trustees. Our Shiites are higher in status than their Shiites, for Our Shiites are with Us."

[source: Basaair Al-Darajaat Vol. 5, Chapter. 5, Hadees.5]

http://www.marefatea...6_nahl/verse-89

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Imam (as) is the side of Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì, reaching the Imam (as) is reaching Allah (swt)

Chapter: 39 Verse: 56

Ãóä ÊóÞõæáó äóÝúÓñ íóÇ ÍóÓúÑóÊóÇ Úóáóì ãóÇ ÝóÑóøØÊõ Ýöí ÌóäÈö Çááóøåö æóÅöä ßõäÊõ áóãöäó ÇáÓóøÇÎöÑöíäó

"Lest a soul should say: O woe to me! for what I fell short of my duty to the Side of Allah, and most surely I was of those who mocked." [39:56]

ÍÏËäÇ ÇÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Úä ÇáÍÓíä Èä ÓÚíÏ Úä ÝÖÇáÉ Èä ÇíæÈ Úä ÇáÞÓã Èä íÒíÏ Úä ãÇáß ÇáÌåäì ÞÇá ÓãÚÊ ÇÈÇ ÚÈÏ Çááå Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã íÞæá ÇäÇ ÔÌÑÉ ãä ÌäÈ Çááå Ýãä æÕáäÇ æÕáå Çááå ÞÇá Ëã Êáì åÐå ÇáÇíÉ Çä ÊÞæá äÝÓ íÇ ÍÓÑÊí Úáì ãÇ ÝÑØÊ Ýí ÌäÈ Çááå æÇä ÂäÊ áãä ÇáÓÇÎÑíä

Narrated to us Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al-Barqy, from Al-Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Bin Al-Halby, from Abdullah Bin Muskaan Maalik Al-Jahny who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (as) say:

"I am the Tree from the side (Janb) of Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì. The one who reaches/attains Us has reached/attained Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì.

He then recited this Verse Lest a soul should say: O woe to me! for what I fell short of my duty to the Side of Allah, and most surely I was of those who mocked [39:56].

[basaair Al-Darajat, Vol. 2, Chapter. 3, Hadees. 5]

ãÍãÏ Èä íÍíì¡ Úä ãÍãÏ Èä ÇáÍÓíä¡ Úä ãÍãÏ Èä ÅÓãÇÚíá Èä ÈÒíÚ¡ Úä Úãå ÍãÒÉ Èä ÈÒíÚ¡ Úä Úáí Èä ÓæíÏ¡ Úä ÃÈí ÇáÍÓä ãæÓì Èä ÌÚÝÑ ÚáíåãÇ ÇáÓáÇã Ýí Þæá Çááå ÚÒæÌá: " íÇ ÍÓÑÊí Úáì ãÇ ÝÑØÊ Ýí ÌäÈ Çááå " ÞÇá: ÌäÈ Çááå: ÃãíÑ ÇáãÄãäíä (Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã) æßÐáß ãÇ ßÇä ÈÚÏå ãä ÇáÇæÕíÇÁ ÈÇáãßÇä ÇáÑÝíÚ Åáì Ãä íäÊåí ÇáÇãÑ Åáì ÂÎÑåã

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘a from his uncle Hamza ibn Bazi‘a from Ali ibn Suwayd from abu al-Hassan Musa ibn Ja‘far (as) who has said the following About the words of Allah.

"Woe to me because of my failure to fulfill my duties from the side of Allah . . ." [39:56]

The Imam (as) said that the side of Allah is Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (as) and so are the successors of the high position until the matters will reach to the last one among them."

[source: Al-Kaafi, Vol.1 Pg.145]

As per chain of narrators this hadees is Hasan. See Mirat Al-Uqool, Allama Majlisi, Vol.2 Pg.121

http://www.marefatea...-zumar/verse-56

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Imam's (as) dont act but as per Allah's (swt) will

Chapter: 76, Verse: 30

æóãóÇ ÊóÔóÇÁõæäó ÅöáóøÇ Ãóä íóÔóÇÁó Çááóøåõ Åöäóø Çááóøåó ßóÇäó ÚóáöíãðÇ ÍóßöíãðÇ

“But ye will not, except as Allah wills; for Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom” [Quran 76:30]

(Only quoting a part of a lengthy narration)

Ëã ÞÇá : æÌÆÊ ÊÓÃáå Úä ãÞÇáÉ ÇáãÝæÖÉ ¡ ßÐÈæÇ¡ Èá ÞáæÈäÇ ÃæÚíÉ áãÔíÉ Çááå ¡ ÝÅÐÇ ÔÇÁ ÔÆäÇ ¡ æÇááå íÞæá :æãÇ ÊÔÂÄæä ÅáÇÃä íÔÂÁ Çááå

Imam Hasan Askar (as) said,

"You have come to ask about the Mufaw'wiza. They (Mufaw'wiza) have lied. But our hearts are containers of the Will of Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì, so when Allah (swt) wills, We will. And Allah (swt) has said, "And you will not will, but as Allah Wills" [Quran 76:30]

[source: Al-Gaibha - Sheikh Toosi, Pg. 159]

The following set of Hadees further support this:

ÍÏËäÇ ãÍãÏ Èä ÌÚÝÑ ÞÇá ÍÏËäÇ ãÍãÏ Èä ÃÍãÏ Úä ÃÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ ÇáÓíÇÑí Úä ÝáÇä Úä ÃÈí ÇáÍÓä Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞÇá: Åä Çááå ÌÚá ÞáæÈ ÇáÃÆãÉ ãæÑÏÇ áÅÑÇÏÊå ÝÅÐÇ ÔÇÁ Çááå ÔíÆÇ ÔÇÄå æåæ Þæáå æãÇ ÊÔÇÄä ÅáÇ íÔÇÁ Çááå ÑÈ ÇáÚÇáãíä

Abal Hasan (Imam Kazim ) (as) said:

“Verily Allah (swt) has made the hearts of the Imam’s (as) the source/place of this Will. If Allah (swt) wills something, They (as) also Will the same. And it is as He said, “But ye will not, except as Allah wills.”

[source: Tafseer Al-Qummi Vol.2 Pg. 409]

Another narration on the same lines:

æãäå íÑÝÚå Åáì ÇÈä ÃÈí ÚãíÑ Úä ÇáãÝÖá Úä ÃÈí ÚÈÏÇááå Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞÇá : áæ ÇÐä áäÇ Ãä äÚáã ÇáäÇÓ ÍÇáäÇ ÚäÏ Çááå æãäÒáÊäÇ ãäå áãÇ ÇÍÊãáÊã ¡ ÝÞÇá áå : Ýí ÇáÚáã ¿ ÝÞÇá : ÇáÚáã ÃíÓÑ ãä Ðáß ¡ Åä ÇáÇãÇã æßÑ áÇÑÇÏÉ Çááå ÚÒæÌá áÇ íÔÇÁ ÅáÇ ãä íÔÇÁ Çááå

Mufazzal narrates from Aba Abdillah (as):

“If we were permitted to make the people know our situation near Allah (swt) and our status from Him, you will not (be able to) bear/carry it.”

Mufazzal said, “In (about) knowledge?”

Imam (as) says, “Knowledge is the easiest of that. Verily, Imam (as) is the place (nest) of the Will of Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì, They (as) do not will but what Allah (swt) Wills.”

[source: Bihar Al-Anwar, Vol. 25 Pg. 385]

http://www.marefatea...-insan/verse-30

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Imagine if Allah swt put a verse that went like: "i have created the universe for Muhammed , Ali, Fatima , Hassan, and Hussein. Follow them, and come to me through doing the dua for them, for i have allocated them a high status of listening to dua's, coming to me and telling me the dua's you have uttered, and then, because of their holy position, answering your dua"

i am NOT trying to mock Allah swt.

A clear cut verse like this would have ended sects, and we would all be shia's.

I am still learning though

Sunni's use the same verses and derive different meanings...

if ONLY i could meet the Imam and clarify these things...

i want to be guided..

If only Allah swt sent down the tafseer of the Quran in a seperate book...

or made the tafseer the actual Quran.

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Lol lol gical .

The thing is a human can probably understand the logic of a human without him telling him however u will not understand the logic of Allah azwj without Him telling you through His speaking tongue. Hence your logic fails here where the I of islam begins

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Giving Life to the dead using Quran

Chapter: 13, Verse: 31

æó áóæú Ãóäóø ÞõÑúÂäÇð ÓõíöøÑóÊú Èöåö ÇáúÌöÈÇáõ Ãóæú ÞõØöøÚóÊú Èöåö ÇáúÃóÑúÖõ Ãóæú ßõáöøãó Èöåö ÇáúãóæúÊì‏

"If there were a Qur'an with which mountains were moved, or the earth were cloven asunder, or the dead were made to speak, (this would be the one!)" [13:31]

So this verse makes it very clear that we can make the mountains move and even make the dead to speak. And its very well known that as per the narrations the Imam's (as) have the complete knowledge of the Quran and hence they can also give life to the dead, now lets read the below narration.

ãõÍóãóøÏõ Èúäõ íóÍúíóì Úóäú ÃóÍúãóÏó Èúäö ÃóÈöí ÒóÇåöÑò Ãóæú ÛóíúÑöåö Úóäú ãõÍóãóøÏö Èúäö ÍóãóøÇÏò Úóäú ÃóÎöíåö ÃóÍúãóÏó Èúäö ÍóãóøÇÏò Úóäú ÅöÈúÑóÇåöíãó Úóäú ÃóÈöíåö Úóäú ÃóÈöí ÇáúÍóÓóäö ÇáúÃóæóøáö Ú ÞóÇáó ÞõáúÊõ áóåõ ÌõÚöáúÊõ ÝöÏóÇßó ÃóÎúÈöÑúäöí Úóäö ÇáäóøÈöíöø Õ æóÑöËó ÇáäóøÈöíöøíäó ßõáóøåõãú ÞóÇáó äóÚóãú ÞõáúÊõ ãöäú áóÏõäú ÂÏóãó ÍóÊóøì ÇäúÊóåóì Åöáóì äóÝúÓöåö ÞóÇáó ãóÇ ÈóÚóËó Çááóøåõ äóÈöíøÇð ÅöáóøÇ æó ãõÍóãóøÏñ Õ ÃóÚúáóãõ ãöäúåõ ÞóÇáó ÞõáúÊõ Åöäóø ÚöíÓóì ÇÈúäó ãóÑúíóãó ßóÇäó íõÍúíöí ÇáúãóæúÊóì ÈöÅöÐúäö Çááóøåö ÞóÇáó ÕóÏóÞúÊó æó ÓõáóíúãóÇäó Èúäó ÏóÇæõÏó ßóÇäó íóÝúåóãõ ãóäúØöÞó ÇáØóøíúÑö æó ßóÇäó ÑóÓõæáõ Çááóøåö Õ íóÞúÏöÑõ Úóáóì åóÐöåö ÇáúãóäóÇÒöáö ÞóÇáó ÝóÞóÇáó Åöäóø ÓõáóíúãóÇäó Èúäó ÏóÇæõÏó ÞóÇáó áöáúåõÏúåõÏö Íöíäó ÝóÞóÏóåõ æó Ôóßóø Ýöí ÃóãúÑöåö ÝóÞÇáó ãÇ áöíó áÇ ÃóÑóì ÇáúåõÏúåõÏó Ãóãú ßÇäó ãöäó ÇáúÛÇÆöÈöíäó Íöíäó ÝóÞóÏóåõ ÝóÛóÖöÈó Úóáóíúåö ÝóÞóÇáó áóÃõÚóÐöøÈóäóøåõ ÚóÐÇÈÇð ÔóÏöíÏÇð Ãóæú áóÃóÐúÈóÍóäóøåõ Ãóæú áóíóÃúÊöíóäöøí ÈöÓõáúØÇäò ãõÈöíäò æó ÅöäóøãóÇ ÛóÖöÈó áöÃóäóøåõ ßóÇäó íóÏõáõøåõ Úóáóì ÇáúãóÇÁö ÝóåóÐóÇ æó åõæó ØóÇÆöÑñ ÞóÏú ÃõÚúØöíó ãóÇ áóãú íõÚúØó ÓõáóíúãóÇäõ æó ÞóÏú ßóÇäóÊö ÇáÑöøíÍõ æó Çáäóøãúáõ æó ÇáúÅöäúÓõ æó ÇáúÌöäõø æó ÇáÔóøíóÇØöíäõ æó ÇáúãóÑóÏóÉõ áóåõ ØóÇÆöÚöíäó æó áóãú íóßõäú íóÚúÑöÝõ ÇáúãóÇÁó ÊóÍúÊó ÇáúåóæóÇÁö æó ßóÇäó ÇáØóøíúÑõ íóÚúÑöÝõåõ æó Åöäóø Çááóøåó íóÞõæáõ Ýöí ßöÊóÇÈöåö æó áóæú Ãóäóø ÞõÑúÂäÇð ÓõíöøÑóÊú Èöåö ÇáúÌöÈÇáõ Ãóæú ÞõØöøÚóÊú Èöåö ÇáúÃóÑúÖõ Ãóæú ßõáöøãó Èöåö ÇáúãóæúÊì‏ æó ÞóÏú æóÑöËúäóÇ äóÍúäõ åóÐóÇ ÇáúÞõÑúÂäó ÇáóøÐöí Ýöíåö ãóÇ ÊõÓóíóøÑõ Èöåö ÇáúÌöÈóÇáõ æó ÊõÞóØóøÚõ Èöåö ÇáúÈõáúÏóÇäõ æó ÊõÍúíóÇ Èöåö ÇáúãóæúÊóì æó äóÍúäõ äóÚúÑöÝõ ÇáúãóÇÁó ÊóÍúÊó ÇáúåóæóÇÁöæó Åöäóø Ýöí ßöÊóÇÈö Çááóøåö áÂóíóÇÊò ãóÇ íõÑóÇÏõ ÈöåóÇ ÃóãúÑñ ÅöáóøÇ Ãóäú íóÃúÐóäó Çááóøåõ Èöåö ãóÚó ãóÇ ÞóÏú íóÃúÐóäõ Çááóøåõ ãöãóøÇ ßóÊóÈóåõ ÇáúãóÇÖõæäó ÌóÚóáóåõ Çááóøåõ áóäóÇ Ýöí Ãõãöø ÇáúßöÊóÇÈö Åöäóø Çááóøåó íóÞõæáõ æó ãÇ ãöäú ÛÇÆöÈóÉò Ýöí ÇáÓóøãÇÁö æó ÇáúÃóÑúÖö ÅöáóøÇ Ýöí ßöÊÇÈò ãõÈöíäò Ëõãóø ÞóÇáó Ëõãóø ÃóæúÑóËúäóÇ ÇáúßöÊÇÈó ÇáóøÐöíäó ÇÕúØóÝóíúäÇ ãöäú ÚöÈÇÏöäÇ ÝóäóÍúäõ ÇáóøÐöíäó ÇÕúØóÝóÇäóÇ Çááóøåõ ÚóÒóø æó Ìóáóø æó ÃóæúÑóËóäóÇ åóÐóÇ ÇáóøÐöí Ýöíåö ÊöÈúíóÇäõ ßõáöø Ôóí

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu Zahir or another man from Muhammad ibn Hammad from his brother Ahmad ibn Hammad from Ibrahim from his father who has said the following.

"I said to abu al-Hassan al-Thani (as), "May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, would you tell me about the Holy Prophet (as) who inherited all the prophets." The Imam (as) said, "Yes, I may do so. I asked, "Did he inherit from Adam up to his-self?" The Imam (as) said, "Of every prophet that Allah sent Prophet Muhammad (as) was more knowledgeable." I then said, "Jesus son of Mary would bring the dead to life by the permission of Allah."

The Imam (as) said, "You spoke the truth."

"I said, "Solomon son of David could understand the language of the birds. The Holy Prophet (as) was also capable of doing such things." The narrator has said that the Imam (DivineSupremeCovenantBody) then said, "Solomon son of David said to the (Hoopoe) Hud-Hud when he found him missing and had doubts about the bird. "(Solomon) inspected the birds and said, "How is it that I cannot see the hoopoe (when he did not find him present and became angry). Is he absent? (27:20). I shall certainly punish him severely or slaughter him unless he has a good reason for his absence." (27:21) He became angry because the bird would show him how to find water. This is only a bird but is given something that is not given to Solomon. The wind, ants, man, Jinn, devils and the rebels obeyed him in submission but he did not know about the water in the space but the bird knew it as Allah says in His Book. "Even if the Quran would make mountains move, cut the earth into pieces and make the dead able to speak . . ." (13:31) We have inherited this Quran which contains such things that can make the mountains move, cross the lands and make the dead to come to life. We know there is water in space. In the book of Allah there are verses that are indicative of certain issues only if Allah would give permission. This is along with the fact that Allah sometime grants permission to make use of the things that people of the past had written. Allah has set them for us in the origin of the Book as Allah says, "All the secrets in heavens and earth are recorded in the illustrious Book. (27:75) Then Allah has said, "We gave the Book as an inheritance to Our chosen servants," (35:32) We are the ones whom Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has chosen and has given this which contain the explanation of all things."

[source: Al-Kafi Vol.1 Pg.227 / Basaair Al Darajat, Vol. 1, Chapter. 21, Hadees. 1]

http://www.marefatea...l-ra-d/verse-31

Edited by muhibb-ali

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Imam's (as) are the people on the heights

Chapter: 7, Verse: 46

æóÚóáóì ÇáúÃóÚúÑóÇÝö ÑöÌóÇáñ íóÚúÑöÝõæäó ßõáðøÇ ÈöÓöíãóÇåõãú æóäóÇÏóæúÇ ÃóÕúÍóÇÈó ÇáúÌóäóøÉö Ãóä ÓóáóÇãñ Úóáóíúßõãú áóãú íóÏúÎõáõæåóÇ æóåõãú íóØúãóÚõæäó"And on the heights will be men who would know every one by his marks: they will call out to the Companions of the Garden, Peace on you. They will not have entered, but they will have an assurance" [7:46]

Below are the narrations which state that the Imam's (as) are the people on the Heights (A'raaf).

ÍÏËäÇ ÇÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Úä ÇáÍÓä Èä ãÍÈæÈ Úä ÇÈì ÇíæÈ Úä ÈÑíÏ ÇáÚÌáì ÞÇá ÓÆáÊ ÇÈÇ ÌÚÝÑ Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã Úä Þæá Çááå æÚáì ÇáÇÚÑÇÝ ÑÌÇá íÚÑÝæä ÂáÇÈÓíãÇåã ÞÇá ÇäÒáÊ Ýí åÐå ÇáÇãÉ æÇáÑÌÇá åã ÇáÇÆãÉ ãä Âá ãÍãÏ ÞáÊ ÝÇáÇÚÑÇÝ ÞÇá ÕÑÇØ Èíä ÇáÌäÉ æÇáäÇÑ Ýãä ÔÝÚ áå ÇáÇÆãÉ ãäÇ Ýí ÇáãÄãäíä ÇáãÐäÈíä äÌÇæãä áã íÔÝÚæÇ áå åæì

It has been narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al-Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Abu Ayyub, from Bureyd Al-Ajaly who said:

I asked Abu Ja’far (as) about the Statement of Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì, "And on the Heights are men who know them all by their marks"[7:46]

He (as) said, This Descended in this community, and the men, They are the Imam's (as) from the Progeny of Muhammad (saww). I said, "And the Heights?"

He said: "The Path between the Paradise and the Fire. The ones for whom the Imam (as) from Us shall intercede, among the believers, the sinners, will be rescued, and the ones for whom They shall not intercede, for him is Fire"

[source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 10, Chapter. 17, Hadees. 5]

Hadees is Saheeh (Authentic) as per chain of narrators.

There are many more narrations with the same meaning as above, quoting another one here.

ÍÏËäÇ ÇáÍÓíä Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚÇãÑ Úä ãÚáì Èä ãÍãÏ Úä ãÍãÏ Èä ÌãåæÑ Úä ÚÈÏ Çááå Èä ÚÈÏ ÇáÑÍãä Úä ÇáåíËã Èä æÇÞÏ Úä ãÞÑä ÞÇá ÓãÚÊ ÇÈÇ ÚÈÏ Çááå ÚáíåÇáÓáÇã íÞæá Ì ÇÁ ÇÈä ÇáßæÇ Åáì ÇãíÑ ÇáãÄãäíä Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÝÞÇá íÇ ÇãíÑ ÇáãÄãäíä æÚáì ÇáÇÚÑÇÝ ÑÌÇá íÚÑÝæä ÂáÇ ÈÓíãÇåã ÝÞÇá äÍä ÇáÇÚÑÇÝ äÚÑÝ ÇäÕÇÑäÇÈÓíãÇåã æ äÍä ÇáÇÚÑÇÝ ÇáÐíä áÇ íÚÑÝ Çááå ÚÒæÌá ÇáÇ Úáì ÇáÕÑÇØ ÝáÇ íÏÎá ÇáÌäÉ ÇáÇ ãä ÚÑÝäÇ æäÍä ÚÑÝäÇå æáÇ íÏÎá ÇáäÇÑ ÇáÇ ãä ÇäßÑäÇ æÇäßÑäÇå Çä Çááå áæÔÇÁ áÚÑÝ ÇáÚÈÇÏ äÝÓå æáßä ÌÚáäÇ ÇÈæÇÈå æÕÑÇØå æÓÈíáå æÇáæÌå ÇáÐì íÄÊì ãäå Ýãä ÚÏá Úä æáÇíÊäÇ Ãæ ÝÖá ÚáíäÇ ÛíÑäÇ ÝÇäåã Úä ÇáÕÑÇØ áäÇÂÈæä æáÇ ÓæÇÁãä ÇÚÊÕã ÇáäÇÓ Èå æáÇ ÓæÇÁ ãä ÐåÈ ÍíË ÐåÈ ÇáäÇÓ ÐåÈ ÇáäÇÓ Åáì Úíæä ÂÏÑÉ íÝÑÛ ÈÚÖåÇ Ýí ÈÚÖ æÐåÈ ãä ÐåÈ ÇáíäÇ Åáì Úíä ÕÇÝíÉ ÊÌÑìÈÇãæÑáÇäÝÇÏ áåÇ æáÇ ÇäÞØÇÚ

It has been narrated to us by Al-Husayn Bin Muhammad Bin Aamir, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Jamhour, from Abdullah Bin Abdul Rahmaan, from Al-Hasam Bin Waaqid, from Muqaran who said:

I heard Abu Abdullah (as) say, "Ibn Kawaa came up to Amir-ul-Momineen (as) and said, ‘O Amir-ul-Momineen (as) “And on the Heights are men who know them all by their marks" [7:46].

He (as) said, "We are the A’raaf (Recognisers). We recognize Our helpers, and We are those A’raaf (Recognisers) that Allah Mighty and Majestic cannot be recognized except on Their Path. We will not let anyone enter the Paradise except for the one, who recognizes US, and we will recognize him, and We will not let anyone enter the Fire except for the one who denies Us and We will deny him.

If Allah (swt) so Desires to, He can Recognize the servants Himself, but He has Made Us to be His Doors, and His Path, and His Way, and His Face to get to Him. The one who turned away from Our Wilayah, or preferred others over Us, so he is the one

who will fall headlong from the Bridge (Al-Siraat), and the one who stayed with it (Al-Wilayah) is not equal to the one who went where the people went. The people went to the turbid springs and some of it emptied into the others, whilst the one who came to Us came to the clear spring flowing constantly without depletion or being cut off."

[source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 10, Chapter. 17, Hadees. 8]

The chain of narrators would not be a problem here as there are more narrations with the similar meaning (matn).

http://www.marefateahlebait.com/tafseer/7-al-araaf/verse-46

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