In Vitro Meat - Halal Or HaramNew Issue of Fiqh
Posted 28 March 2012 - 05:13 PM
In vitro meat, also known as cultured meat or shmeat, is an animal flesh product that has never been part of a complete, living animal. Alternative names include hydroponic meat, test-tube meat, vat-grown meat, victimless meat and vitro meat.
This form of meat has been described, sometimes derisively, as "laboratory-grown" meat. In vitro meat should not be confused with imitation meat, which is a vegetarian food product produced from vegetable protein, usually from soy or gluten. The terms "synthetic meat" and "artificial meat" may refer to either. The original NASA research on in vitro meat was intended for use on long space voyages or stays; it would be a sustainable food source alongside hydroponic or aeroponically grown vegetables.
Modern research into in vitro meat arose out of experiments conducted by NASA, attempting to find improved forms of long-term food for astronauts in space. The technique was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1995, and NASA has been conducting experiments since 2001, producing in vitro meat from turkey cells. The first edible form was produced by the NSR/Touro Applied BioScience Research Consortium in 2000: goldfish cells grown to resemble fish fillets.
In 2001, dermatologist Wiete Westerhof from the University of Amsterdam, medical doctor Willem van Eelen, and businessman Willem van Kooten announced that they had filed for a worldwide patent on a process to produce in vitro meat. In the process, a matrix of collagen is seeded with muscle cells, which are then bathed in a nutritious solution and induced to divide. Scientists in Amsterdam study the culture medium, while the University of Utrecht studies the proliferation of muscle cells, and the Eindhoven University of Technology is researching bioreactors. Van Eelen said that he had thought of the idea of in vitro meat for years, since he was held in a Japanese POW camp.....
Some useful links
Posted 28 March 2012 - 05:55 PM
Most meat is animal muscle. The process of developing in vitro meat involves taking muscle cells and applying a protein that helps the cells to grow into large portions of meat. Once the initial cells have been obtained, additional animals would not be needed – akin to the production of yogurt cultures.
It should all really depend on how the original 'animal muscle' is obtained. If they kill the animal to obtain the muscle, it would depend on how they kill it. It'd be a different issue if the muscle is obtained without killing the animal.
But there don't seem to be any solid plans for its commercial production on a wide-scale, as of yet according to the articles.
Edited by Basim Ali, 28 March 2012 - 06:07 PM.
Posted 28 March 2012 - 06:37 PM
But if you create a new cells by your way from that part, the new cells are not meeta of course ..
And there is no reason to say it's Haram !!
Any way, I sent a question about this subject to sayyid Fadlullah's office .
Edited by alisadeq, 28 March 2012 - 06:51 PM.
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