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Ayat About Sahaba


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#1 Sayyed Ali

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Posted 27 December 2011 - 06:02 PM

salamu3alaikum

i have a favour to ask of you if you could write here all Ayat from Quran about Sahaba (praise and blamed) in chronological order and why aya was sent.

barakullah fikum

Edited by Sayyed Ali, 27 December 2011 - 06:03 PM.


#2 Kamranistan

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Posted 27 December 2011 - 10:33 PM

Insha'Allah, some one will post the answer, just bunping it up :P

#3 ImamAliLover

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Posted 28 December 2011 - 12:10 PM

(bismillah)
(salam)
First brother, thank you for opening up this topic. This will be a very useful research insha'Allah. There are so many verses about the Sahaba that it is difficult for one to put it all in one post. So i'll probably put some here and some here and hopefully others can contribute insha'Allah.

Also, it is easier to go through this research by examining what the Quran says about the Muslim ummah at the time of the Prophet(pbuh) in general, because there are many different definitions of the meaning and scope of 'Sahaba'.
So, let's start:


وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ آمِنُوا كَمَا آمَنَ النَّاسُ قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَا آمَنَ السُّفَهَاءُ ۗ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَاءُ وَلَٰكِنْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ {13}
[Shakir 2:13] And when it is said to them: Believe as the people believe they say: Shall we believe as the fools believe? Now surely they themselves are the fools, but they do not know.
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Comment: Who were the people that the disbelievers were told to believe like, at the time of the Prophet(pbuh), other than the general Muslim population (which Sunnis would say were the Sahaba)?


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ هَاجَرُوا وَجَاهَدُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أُولَٰئِكَ يَرْجُونَ رَحْمَتَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {218}
[Shakir 2:218] Surely those who believed and those who fled (their home) and strove hard in the way of Allah these hope for the mercy of Allah and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا بِطَانَةً مِنْ دُونِكُمْ لَا يَأْلُونَكُمْ خَبَالًا وَدُّوا مَا عَنِتُّمْ قَدْ بَدَتِ الْبَغْضَاءُ مِنْ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَمَا تُخْفِي صُدُورُهُمْ أَكْبَرُ ۚ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ ۖ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ {118}
[Shakir 3:118] O you who believe! do not take for intimate friends from among others than your own people; they do not fall short of inflicting loss upon you; they love what distresses you; vehement hatred has already appeared from out of their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater still; indeed, We have made the communications clear to you, if you will understand.

هَا أَنْتُمْ أُولَاءِ تُحِبُّونَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِبُّونَكُمْ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ كُلِّهِ وَإِذَا لَقُوكُمْ قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا عَضُّوا عَلَيْكُمُ الْأَنَامِلَ مِنَ الْغَيْظِ ۚ قُلْ مُوتُوا بِغَيْظِكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ {119}
[Shakir 3:119] Lo! you are they who will love them while they do not love you, and you believe in the Book (in) the whole of it; and when they meet you they say: We believe, and when they are alone, they bite the ends of their fingers in rage against you. Say: Die in your rage; surely Allah knows what is in the breasts.


إِذْ هَمَّتْ طَائِفَتَانِ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ تَفْشَلَا وَاللَّهُ وَلِيُّهُمَا ۗ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ {122}
[Shakir 3:122] When two parties from among you had determined that they should show cowardice, and Allah was the guardian of them both, and in Allah should the believers trust.
-------------------------------
Comment: This was before a battle. But notice that even when Allah(swt) criticizes some of the Companions, He still has Mercy on them. Notice it says that Allah is their guardian. And we know that 'Allah is the Guardian of the Believers'(2:257), whereas the disbeliever's awliya are taghut(2:257)


كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ ۗ وَلَوْ آمَنَ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُمْ ۚ مِنْهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَأَكْثَرُهُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ {110}
[Shakir 3:110] You are the best of the nations raised up for (the benefit of) men; you enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and believe in Allah; and if the followers of the Book had believed it would have been better for them; of them (some) are believers and most of them are transgressors.


وَلَقَدْ كُنْتُمْ تَمَنَّوْنَ الْمَوْتَ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَلْقَوْهُ فَقَدْ رَأَيْتُمُوهُ وَأَنْتُمْ تَنْظُرُونَ {143}
[Shakir 3:143] And certainly you desired death before you met it, so indeed you have seen it and you look (at it)
------------------------------------
Comment: The next several verses are about the Battle of Uhud. This is natural in humans. We see so many people saying how they would sacrifice everything to fight for Imam Husayn(as). Let's see how they are when they are faced in an actual war.

وَكَأَيِّنْ مِنْ نَبِيٍّ قَاتَلَ مَعَهُ رِبِّيُّونَ كَثِيرٌ فَمَا وَهَنُوا لِمَا أَصَابَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَمَا ضَعُفُوا وَمَا اسْتَكَانُوا ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الصَّابِرِينَ {146}
[Shakir 3:146] And how many a prophet has fought with whom were many worshippers of the Lord; so they did not become weak-hearted on account of what befell them in Allah's way, nor did they weaken, nor did they abase themselves; and Allah loves the patient.
وَمَا كَانَ قَوْلَهُمْ إِلَّا أَنْ قَالُوا رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَإِسْرَافَنَا فِي أَمْرِنَا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا وَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ {147}
[Shakir 3:147] And their saying was no other than that they said: Our Lord! forgive us our faults and our extravagance in our affair and make firm our feet and help us against the unbelieving people.
فَآتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ ثَوَابَ الدُّنْيَا وَحُسْنَ ثَوَابِ الْآخِرَةِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ {148}
[Shakir 3:148] So Allah gave them the reward of this world and better reward of the hereafter and Allah loves those who do good (to others).
وَلَقَدْ صَدَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ وَعْدَهُ إِذْ تَحُسُّونَهُمْ بِإِذْنِهِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَشِلْتُمْ وَتَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ وَعَصَيْتُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا أَرَاكُمْ مَا تُحِبُّونَ ۚ مِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرِيدُ الدُّنْيَا وَمِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرِيدُ الْآخِرَةَ ۚ ثُمَّ صَرَفَكُمْ عَنْهُمْ لِيَبْتَلِيَكُمْ ۖ وَلَقَدْ عَفَا عَنْكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ {152}
[Shakir 3:152] And certainly Allah made good to you His promise when you slew them by His permission, until when you became weak-hearted and disputed about the affair and disobeyed after He had shown you that which you loved; of you were some who desired this world and of you were some who desired the hereafter; then He turned you away from them that He might try you; and He has certainly pardoned you, and Allah is Gracious to the believers.
إِذْ تُصْعِدُونَ وَلَا تَلْوُونَ عَلَىٰ أَحَدٍ وَالرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ فِي أُخْرَاكُمْ فَأَثَابَكُمْ غَمًّا بِغَمٍّ لِكَيْلَا تَحْزَنُوا عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا مَا أَصَابَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ {153}
[Shakir 3:153] When you ran off precipitately and did not wait for any one, and the Messenger was calling you from your rear, so He gave you another sorrow instead of (your) sorrow, so that you might not grieve at what had escaped you, nor (at) what befell you; and Allah is aware of what you do.
ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْغَمِّ أَمَنَةً نُعَاسًا يَغْشَىٰ طَائِفَةً مِنْكُمْ ۖ وَطَائِفَةٌ قَدْ أَهَمَّتْهُمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ يَظُنُّونَ بِاللَّهِ غَيْرَ الْحَقِّ ظَنَّ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ ۖ يَقُولُونَ هَلْ لَنَا مِنَ الْأَمْرِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ الْأَمْرَ كُلَّهُ لِلَّهِ ۗ يُخْفُونَ فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ مَا لَا يُبْدُونَ لَكَ ۖ يَقُولُونَ لَوْ كَانَ لَنَا مِنَ الْأَمْرِ شَيْءٌ مَا قُتِلْنَا هَاهُنَا ۗ قُلْ لَوْ كُنْتُمْ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ لَبَرَزَ الَّذِينَ كُتِبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقَتْلُ إِلَىٰ مَضَاجِعِهِمْ ۖ وَلِيَبْتَلِيَ اللَّهُ مَا فِي صُدُورِكُمْ وَلِيُمَحِّصَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ {154}
[Shakir 3:154] Then after sorrow He sent down security upon you, a calm coming upon a party of you, and (there was) another party whom their own souls had rendered anxious; they entertained about Allah thoughts of ignorance quite unjustly, saying: We have no hand in the affair. Say: Surely the affair is wholly (in the hands) of Allah. They conceal within their souls what they would not reveal to you. They say: Had we any hand in the affair, we would not have been slain here. Say: Had you remained in your houses, those for whom slaughter was ordained would certainly have gone forth to the places where they would be slain, and that Allah might test what was in your breasts and that He might purge what was in your hearts; and Allah knows what is in the breasts.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَلَّوْا مِنْكُمْ يَوْمَ الْتَقَى الْجَمْعَانِ إِنَّمَا اسْتَزَلَّهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ بِبَعْضِ مَا كَسَبُوا ۖ وَلَقَدْ عَفَا اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ حَلِيمٌ {155}
[Shakir 3:155] (As for) those of you who turned back on the day when the two armies met, only the Shaitan sought to cause them to make a slip on account of some deeds they had done, and certainly Allah has pardoned them; surely Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ لِنْتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنْتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانْفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ {159}
[Shakir 3:159] Thus it is due to mercy from Allah that you deal with them gently, and had you been rough, hard hearted, they would certainly have dispersed from around you; pardon them therefore and ask pardon for them, and take counsel with them in the affair; so when you have decided, then place your trust in Allah; surely Allah loves those who trust.
لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ {164}
[Shakir 3:164] Certainly Allah conferred a benefit upon the believers when He raised among them a Messenger from among themselves, reciting to them His communications and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the wisdom, although before that they were surely in manifest error.
أَوَلَمَّا أَصَابَتْكُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ قَدْ أَصَبْتُمْ مِثْلَيْهَا قُلْتُمْ أَنَّىٰ هَٰذَا ۖ قُلْ هُوَ مِنْ عِنْدِ أَنْفُسِكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {165}
[Shakir 3:165] What! when a misfortune befell you, and you had certainly afflicted (the unbelievers) with twice as much, you began to say: Whence is this? Say: It is from yourselves; surely Allah has power over all things.
وَلِيَعْلَمَ الَّذِينَ نَافَقُوا ۚ وَقِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا قَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَوِ ادْفَعُوا ۖ قَالُوا لَوْ نَعْلَمُ قِتَالًا لَاتَّبَعْنَاكُمْ ۗ هُمْ لِلْكُفْرِ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَقْرَبُ مِنْهُمْ لِلْإِيمَانِ ۚ يَقُولُونَ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ مَا لَيْسَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَكْتُمُونَ {167}
[Shakir 3:167] And that He might know the hypocrites; and it was said to them: Come, fight in Allah's way, or defend yourselves. They said: If we knew fighting, we would certainly have followed you. They were on that day much nearer to unbelief than to belief. They say with their mouths what is not in their hearts, and Allah best knows what they conceal.g
الَّذِينَ قَالُوا لِإِخْوَانِهِمْ وَقَعَدُوا لَوْ أَطَاعُونَا مَا قُتِلُوا ۗ قُلْ فَادْرَءُوا عَنْ أَنْفُسِكُمُ الْمَوْتَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ {168}
[Shakir 3:168] Those who said of their brethren whilst they (themselves) held back: Had they obeyed us, they would not have been killed. Say: Then avert death from yourselves if you speak the truth.
الَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِلَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا أَصَابَهُمُ الْقَرْحُ ۚ لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا مِنْهُمْ وَاتَّقَوْا أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ {172}
[Shakir 3:172] (As for) those who responded (at Ohud) to the call of Allah and the Messenger after the wound had befallen them, those among them who do good (to others) and guard (against evil)shall have a great reward.
الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ {173}
[Shakir 3:173] Those to whom the people said: Surely men have gathered against you, therefore fear them, but this increased their faith, and they said: Allah is sufficient for us and most excellent is the Protector.
فَانْقَلَبُوا بِنِعْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَفَضْلٍ لَمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ وَاتَّبَعُوا رِضْوَانَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَظِيمٍ {174}
[Shakir 3:174] So they returned with favor from Allah and (His) grace, no evil touched them and they followed the pleasure of Allah; and Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.

Edited by ImamAliLover, 28 December 2011 - 12:11 PM.


#4 Shia_Debater

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Posted 28 December 2011 - 12:46 PM

(salam)

Watch this, most of it is about the ayahs in the Qur'an about the sahaba and how we refute the claims that all the sahaba are praised in the Qur'an etc. etc.


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#5 Sayyed Ali

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Posted 28 December 2011 - 01:18 PM

barakullah fik, ImamAliLover
Did you write them in chronological order?
I hope we can understand then from Quran which when and how often Sahab was praised/blamed and if the last Ayat was in praise or not and why.
There is no problem if we collect at first all ayat and then later we sort them.

Edited by Sayyed Ali, 28 December 2011 - 01:19 PM.


#6 ImamAliLover

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Posted 28 December 2011 - 01:50 PM

barakullah fik, ImamAliLover
Did you write them in chronological order?
I hope we can understand then from Quran which when and how often Sahab was praised/blamed and if the last Ayat was in praise or not and why.
There is no problem if we collect at first all ayat and then later we sort them.

Salam brother no i didn't. This project won't be done in a day or two. It'll probably take days or weeks, if not months. There's so many verses addressing the Muslims at the time of the Prophet(pbuh)

#7 Sayyed Ali

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Posted 28 December 2011 - 02:09 PM

Ok brother no problem, when it takes one year this is also ok.

#8 Ameen

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Posted 29 December 2011 - 06:13 PM

Were all the companions of the Prophet [pbuh] firm believers??? Were they all Momin by the heart or were some just Muslims by the tongue???


The Holy Quran, Surah Al Baqarah, verses 8 to 10. Allah says:


And of the people are some who say, "We believe in Allah and the Last Day," but they are not believers.


They [think to] deceive Allah and those who believe, but they deceive not except themselves and perceive [it] not.


In their hearts is disease, so Allah has increased their disease; and for them is a painful punishment because they [habitually] used to lie.


Are these Ayaath not regarding the companions of the Prophet [pbuh] then who are they about? Who are these people, during the Prophet’s [pbuh] time, who claim to be believers but Allah says they are not? If this is not an example of hypocrisy then what is?

Edited by Ameen, 29 December 2011 - 06:14 PM.


#9 Aabiss_Shakari

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Posted 30 December 2011 - 09:45 AM

(salam)

(bismillah)

I liked this because this thread can be used as reference for illogical persons in the world who falsely believe that all those who saw Prophet (pbuh) while in the state of APPARENT faith were pious (lolz). What preference they have our us? Only because they were born before our time and that of Prophet's (pbuh) time? The only preference they have is that they saw Prophet (pbuh) and not us and that merit is the merit of Prophet (pbuh) and not their.

I am sharing a Ayat posted by a Nasibi in Nasibi/Kafir Forum to prove that Quran instructs us to take religion from Sahaba.

The crystal clear undeniable unquestionable proof that the religion must be taken from the Sahaba(Companions of Prophet Muhammad SAWS):

Allah says in his book:

والسابقون الأولون من المهاجرين والأنصار والذين اتبعوهم بإحسان رضي اللـه عنهم



And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajirin and the Ansar, and those who followed them in goodness - Allah is well pleased with them

al-Tawbah [9:100]





...I dare the Shia to bring a verse as clear as this which restricts the religion to Ahlul-Bayt (ra) only.






This verse clearly proclaims the equality of muhajirs and ansar in general sense. The preference given to one individual over another by Allah or the Holy Prophet was due to the degree of submission to Allah and taqwa (piety). So the argument put forward by Umar bin Khattab at the time of deciding the issue of taking hold of the reins of power in the conference hall of Saqifa bani Sa-ada by reciting this verse without wa after ansar to establish the superiority of muhajirs over ansar (if wa is dropped it means the ansar should obey or follow the muhajirs) was unislamic or contrary to the teachings of the Quran. It is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari that when Obay ibn Ka-ab pointed out this omission Umar replied that he always thought this verse to be a proof of the muhajir's superiority over the ansar.

This verse and other verses like it in praise of the companions of the Holy Prophet, whether muhajirs or ansar, are applicable only to those who were sincere in faith. The hypocrites, who were also "companions" (sahabah) as per its definition laid down by the Muslim scholars, cannot be accepted as those praised by the Quran. So to say that all the companions, even the deserters, were true believers is illogical and contrary to historical facts.

All the commentators unanimously agree that "the first of the foremost" among women was Khadijah, wife of the Holy Prophet, and among men was Ali ibn abi Talib.

Hakim Nayshapuri, in his Mustadrak Alal Sahihayn, writes on page 22 of kitab al Ma-rafat:
"There is no difference of opinion among the historians that Ali ibn abi Talib was the first Muslim."

Ibn Abd al Bar, Qartabi, Suyuti, Tabarani, Bayhaqi and others also have confirmed it.
Please refer to the event of dawat dhil ashirah. Among others refer to Tarikh Tabari vol. 2, page 63, for authenticity of the tradition, according to which Ali was the first Muslim, and his faith was not only accepted by the Holy Prophet but also he was declared by him, whose words were always revelation revealed (Najm: 4), to be his brother, lieutenant and successor-and on that day obedience to him was made obligatory by the Holy Prophet for all the believers. Whosoever raises the issue of his age either does not know that whomsoever Allah wills He makes him His representative even if he is a baby in the cradle (Ali Imran: 46-Isa was a messenger of Allah in the cradle just as he was a messenger of Allah in maturity), or with ulterior motives, wants to introduce some one else as the first Muslim.
The Holy Prophet said:
"Ali prayed with me seven years before the other Muslims. He is the siddiq al akbar (the greatest truthful) and the faruq al azam (the greatest distinguisher of truth from falsehood). Whoso claims either of these titles is a liar."

Edited by Aabiss_Shakari, 30 December 2011 - 09:46 AM.

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#10 ImamAliLover

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Posted 30 December 2011 - 12:03 PM

The Holy Quran, Surah Al Baqarah, verses 8 to 10. Allah says:


And of the people are some who say, "We believe in Allah and the Last Day," but they are not believers.


They [think to] deceive Allah and those who believe, but they deceive not except themselves and perceive [it] not.


In their hearts is disease, so Allah has increased their disease; and for them is a painful punishment because they [habitually] used to lie.


Are these Ayaath not regarding the companions of the Prophet [pbuh] then who are they about? Who are these people, during the Prophet’s [pbuh] time, who claim to be believers but Allah says they are not? If this is not an example of hypocrisy then what is?

Salam brother one of the tricky things about this thread is deciding what to include and what not to include. For example, there's many duas in the Quran and it's tricky to tell whether these duas were said by the Sahaba or people in previous nations or if Allah(swt) is teaching us these duas from scratch.

As for the verse you quoted, i didn't include it here because i'm including verses where Allah(swt) addresses the Muslims around the Prophet(pbuh), not the disbelievers or polytheists or munafiqs, etc.
Even Sunnis have a condition that for a person to have been a Sahabi, they have to have died believing in the message of Muhammad(pbuh) and obviously a person who dies as a kafir/mushrik/munafiq didn't believe in the message of Muhammad(pbuh) thus they're not Sahaba a/c to the Sunni definition, nor the Shia definition of a Sahabi

(salam)

(bismillah)
This verse clearly proclaims the equality of muhajirs and ansar in general sense. The preference given to one individual over another by Allah or the Holy Prophet was due to the degree of submission to Allah and taqwa (piety).

wa alaykum al-Salam very interesting thoughts but how did you come up with the conclusion? Esp the part "...and those who followed them in goodness, Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him"?

And regarding the equality, what do you think of this verse:
وَمَا لَكُمْ أَلَّا تُنْفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلِلَّهِ مِيرَاثُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ لَا يَسْتَوِي مِنْكُمْ مَنْ أَنْفَقَ مِنْ قَبْلِ الْفَتْحِ وَقَاتَلَ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً مِنَ الَّذِينَ أَنْفَقُوا مِنْ بَعْدُ وَقَاتَلُوا ۚ وَكُلًّا وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ {10}
[Shakir 57:10] And what reason have you that you should not spend in Allah's way? And Allah's is the inheritance of the heavens and the earth, not alike among you are those who spent before the victory and fought (and those who did not): they are more exalted in rank than those who spent and fought afterwards; and Allah has promised good to all; and Allah is Aware of what you do.

(note that this can include both muhajirs and ansars, but it distinguishes between those who fought/spent before the conquest of Mecca and those who became Muslim afterwards)

Edited by ImamAliLover, 30 December 2011 - 12:05 PM.


#11 Ismahan007

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Posted 30 December 2011 - 01:05 PM

salamu3alaikum

i have a favour to ask of you if you could write here all Ayat from Quran about Sahaba (praise and blamed) in chronological order and why aya was sent.

barakullah fikum


salaam


If you speak arabic i suggest you listen to sheikh Yassir Habib's lecture about the ayat of the sahaba, you can find this lecture on his website under name ' ukduba't 3adalt e'sa7aba' ... this is excellent lecture refuting the misconceptions of sunnis regarding certain verses they consider to be revealed in praise of their sahabas including the munafiqs. hope that helps.

#12 Muntaqim Force

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Posted 30 December 2011 - 06:00 PM

barakullah fik, ImamAliLover
how often Sahab was praised/blamed and if the last Ayat was in praise or not and why.


Salaam

I do not know if the last ayat was in their praise or not but i know and in fact every single muslim no matter who he is know that they were warned and cursed by Prophet s.a.w just couple of days from his demise when they were reluctant in joining Usama Bin Zayd's army.

#13 Sayyed Ali

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Posted 02 January 2012 - 01:52 PM

Salam brothers
this topic is not about scholars talking about few ayats or ahadith.
if it is possible, i would like to collect all ayat about sahaba in chronological order and see when Allah praised or condemned sahaba and if we find the condemnation more in the last days/months of muhammad saw or not.

#14 Muntaqim Force

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Posted 02 January 2012 - 03:51 PM

One important thing which i would like to bring it to our readers, Shias do not condemn sahaba. It is the difference of definition of a Sahabi which make non shias think other way. So looking for ayats in their praise or not in their praise should not be bothered as no one dislike them. Yes we should try to find those ayats which explains who are real Sahaba and what are the characteristics of a sahabi.
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#15 Ameen

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Posted 03 January 2012 - 01:38 PM

Salam brother one of the tricky things about this thread is deciding what to include and what not to include. For example, there's many duas in the Quran and it's tricky to tell whether these duas were said by the Sahaba or people in previous nations or if Allah(swt) is teaching us these duas from scratch.

As for the verse you quoted, i didn't include it here because i'm including verses where Allah(swt) addresses the Muslims around the Prophet(pbuh), not the disbelievers or polytheists or munafiqs, etc.
Even Sunnis have a condition that for a person to have been a Sahabi, they have to have died believing in the message of Muhammad(pbuh) and obviously a person who dies as a kafir/mushrik/munafiq didn't believe in the message of Muhammad(pbuh) thus they're not Sahaba a/c to the Sunni definition, nor the Shia definition of a Sahabi


wa alaykum al-Salam very interesting thoughts but how did you come up with the conclusion? Esp the part "...and those who followed them in goodness, Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him"?

And regarding the equality, what do you think of this verse:
وَمَا لَكُمْ أَلَّا تُنْفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلِلَّهِ مِيرَاثُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ لَا يَسْتَوِي مِنْكُمْ مَنْ أَنْفَقَ مِنْ قَبْلِ الْفَتْحِ وَقَاتَلَ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً مِنَ الَّذِينَ أَنْفَقُوا مِنْ بَعْدُ وَقَاتَلُوا ۚ وَكُلًّا وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ {10}
[Shakir 57:10] And what reason have you that you should not spend in Allah's way? And Allah's is the inheritance of the heavens and the earth, not alike among you are those who spent before the victory and fought (and those who did not): they are more exalted in rank than those who spent and fought afterwards; and Allah has promised good to all; and Allah is Aware of what you do.

(note that this can include both muhajirs and ansars, but it distinguishes between those who fought/spent before the conquest of Mecca and those who became Muslim afterwards)


Salaamo-Aleykum brother. Thank you for the response. Sahabi-e-Rasool meaning companion of the Prophet [pbuh], in my point of view, is someone who has seen, met and socialised with the Prophet [pbuh]. Asshaab is plural, Asshaab-e-Rasool meaning companions of the Prophet [pbuh]. It's got nothing to do with what was on their tongues and what lied within their hearts. Everybody who saw, met and socialised with the Prophet [pbuh] did it for different reasons. Some were Momin, the true believers who saw, met and socialised for the right reasons. Some were Munafiq, not true believers who saw, met and socialised for the wrong reasons. The definition you have given for a Sahabi, that the one who lives all his life in believing and acting upon the Message of the Prophet [pbuh] and dies in such a way, is the definition of a true Sahabi. Tell me is a Munafiq not a Muslim? Can a Sahabi not turn out to be a Munafiq? I'm not against the companions neither do I have any vendetta against any companioin. Just discussing things and exchanging point of view with people only for the purpose of increase in knowledge and information.

#16 Sayyed Ali

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Posted 13 January 2012 - 10:54 AM

Salam
i want to try to sort the Ayat by myself.
What do you think about this book :

http://tanzil.net/pu...ry-of-Quran.pdf



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