Before starting, it's important that you have the following pre-requites:
1) At least a rudimentary understanding of sarf
2) A very basic vocabulary bank in your head. A few thousand words is good enough. This way you kinda have a good idea of how words are formed and you're familiar with various forms of words already
3) An English-Arabic dictionary (you can probably just use Google Translate but investing 10 bucks might be better for you in the long-run.
4) A really good Arabic dictionary like Hans Wehr or al-Mawrid
So first of all, try to master the vocabulary around you. Stuff that that you see on a daily basis (this helps cement the words easier).
For example, you're on your computer. Look down and notice that there's a wire there. Now look up the word "wire" and you'll see that:
سِــلْــك ج أَسْــلاك=wire
So take out your trusty Arabic dictionary and look up the root س-ل-ك, go down to سلك (the noun) and you see that the general meaning is a wire/cable/line/string/thread (you get the general idea)
Now (i'm using a Hans Wehr btw), keep looking and you'll see a useful term:
So now use this in practical terms. Is your internet silki or la silki?
So keep picking out useful vocabulary that is related to the word that you just looked up.
Now go up to the verb of س-ل-ك. Learn the maadhi, the mudhari3 and the masdar and look at the general meanings. If it's too much to learn all of those meanings, then pick out the "general meaning" of the word such as 'to adopt a course' (and know that this can be applied literally and figuratively in terms of behavior)
And from that, we can go back to the nouns and see several relevant words like:
(keep the meanings very general and simple at first. here you're just trying to increase your vocab. going into linguistics can happen later on)
And from simply looking up the word "wire", we were able to acquire about half a dozen other words with it (because it's from the same root, it's simply to just derive these words). And best of all, since we see wires every single day, we can help keep these meanings in our head (also try to stop thinking of the word "wire". think سلك!)
And the more you do this and increase your vocabulary, the easier and easier it will get and the more vocabulary you can absorb. Just like when a person wants to memorize the Quran, it might be hard for them to memorize more than a few ayats. But after a lot of time memorizing, they get ot the point where they can memorize a page or two or more a day fairly easily.
So for a recap, here are the steps:
1) Look up a common every-day word that you see just about every day
2) Learn its singular and plural
3) Learn the nouns that are related to it
4) Look up the verb that is derived from the same root and learn the various forms and meanings that you'll find useful
5) Keep reminding yourself those meanings when you common across that common day thing to cement this stuff into your head
Edited by ImamAliLover, 05 September 2011 - 09:23 PM.