Jump to content
Sign in to follow this  

What does "din" (arabic) mean?

Recommended Posts

What does din mean?

I have so far come across two meanings to it.

1 religion. 2 obediance

Can you elborate and get deeper into this word which has a wide meaning?

Also, please mention some synonyms from arabic if you can and say about the difference.

Share this post

Link to post
Share on other sites

The root d-y-n has meanings related to the notion of LAW in Semitic languages. Words like "judge" come from it as well as "religion" (diin). In the Qur'an appear "debt", "person subjected to judgment", "to practice a faith" and "to contracts debts mutually". The Day of Judgment is Yawmu d-diin. Forms of this root appear in the Akkadian languages (Assyrian and Babylonian) back to the time of Sargon and the Sumerians.

The influence of de:n "religion", a Middle Persian word, doubtless played its role as well. The practice of Zoroastrianism is that of following the de:n "faith". It is an old word and is found in common Indo-Iranian as *daina in texts dating back to the time of Darius and even earlier.

The two words share the meaning of practices of religion; one is more specific to law and the other to the idea of faith and religion. The two are both present in the Muslim understanding of the word diin.

Share this post

Link to post
Share on other sites

I forgot to add:

iimaan "faith, belief" - does not have the notion of laws; mu'min "believer"

islaam "submission" - is acceptance of God's will; not specifically "belief" or "laws": muslim "submitter"

wa7y "inspiration, revelation" - again, unlike the above, as it is communication from the divine

shir3ah "divine law" - is specifically a reference to legality; sharii3ah

The differences are in focus. A mu'min and a muslim are accounted the same, but the focus of the meaning is different, right? Just like iimaan and salaam "submission > peace" are related, but not identical, words.

Share this post

Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now

Sign in to follow this