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Important Question Regarding Rules Of Namaz When Sick


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#1 Abdul-Rahman Brent

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Posted 21 April 2008 - 07:00 PM

Salamu alaikum my Muslim brothers and sisters. I have a Fiqh question I need help with, Insha Allah. I've recently been having fairly severe stomach problems. From time to time I have much diarrhea, bloating, and flautlence (gas) sorry for this gross info. I need to know what is the ruling on one who from time to time has so much flatulence (gas) at such a regular interval that they have trouble keeping wudu. Thankfully, my stomach problems are mostly under control and I usually do not have to deal with this issue, Alhamdulillah. However, sometimes I start to feel really gassy. I've read this info from Sunnis which seems to speak of this kind of issue, I want the correct Shi'a Muslim opinion however. The following is from islam-qa.com a Sunni website speaking of the issue of urinary incontinence (constant drops of urine, etc.) I felt it similiar to having constant gas (meaning both are hadath and break wudu); quote- Do wudoo’ for each prayer, then pray as you are, and pray as much as you like, fard and naafil, with this wudoo’. After doing this, anything else that comes out does not matter. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can…” [al-Taghaabun 64:16]. Do not miss any prayers or delay doing them on time, and your prayer will be valid.
end quote.
What is the true Shi'a Muslim laws regarding this issue, especially Sayyed Sistani(HA) whom I make Taqlid to. Also it sometimes happens that I have diarrhea right as the time for Namaz is about to end. For example the last few days I've woken up for Fajr Namaz (Salaah) and had to run to the bathroom and had to be in the restroom until the time for Fajr Namaz is over due to diarrhea and pain. When I get out and I'm okay, should I make Niyyah simply for Fajr Namaz or do I need to make Niyyah for Qadha of Fajr Namaz. Being I don't know I've been simply making making Niyyah in my head saying "Allah you know best, I'm praying Fajr Namaz, since it's late it may be Qadha, please accept this from me". Also in these situations were I've had diarrhea and sometimes I'm physically weak if it gets to bad and I'm in too much pain or dizziness I'm allowed to sit for Namaz correct? If one cannot stand but can get out of a seat and go down to the ground for Sujood is this what is preferred for one who cannot stand due to illness at that time. Thanks for your help, Jazak Allah Khayr.

#2 macisaac

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Posted 21 April 2008 - 07:27 PM

wa `alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah,

There is the following mention of rules of incontinence in the wudhu section of Sayyid Sistani's risala:

313. If a person suffers from an incontinence, due to which drops of urine come out continuously, or he is not in a position to control his bowels, he should act as follows:

If he is sure that at some time during the prayer time, there will be a respite during which there will be a restraint, then he should perform Wudhu and namaz at such time.
If during the restraint, he can control his urine or excretion only for performing Wajib acts of namaz, then he should perform only obligatory acts, and abandon the Mustahab acts (e.g. Adhan, Iqamah, Qunut etc).

314. * If the time of restraint is just enough to allow Wudhu and a part of namaz, and if he discharges urine or excretion once, or several times during namaz, then as an obligatory precaution, he should do Wudhu in those moments of respite and pray. It will not be necessary for him to renew the Wudhu during namaz because of discharging urine or excretion, though as a recommended precaution, he should keep a container by his side, make Wudhu everytime he discharges, and continue praying. But this last p recaution would not apply, if due to prolonged discharge or renewal of Wudhu, the mode of prayers changes.

315. * If there is a continued incontinence, allowing no period of restraint for Wudhu, or even a part of namaz, then one Wudhu for every namaz will undoubtedly be enough. In fact, one Wudhu will be enough for several namaz, except when one commits any extraneous act, invalidating the Wudhu. However, it is recommended that he should do a fresh Wudhu for every namaz. But a fresh Wudhu is not necessary for the Qadha of a forgotten Sajdah, or Tashahhud, nor for the prayers of Ihtiyat.

316. It is not necessary for a person suffering from continued incontinence, to pray immediately after Wudhu, although it is better that he should be quick in offering prayers.

317. It is permissible for a person suffering incontinence to touch the script of the Qur'an, after Wudhu, even if he is not in the state of namaz.

318. A person who cannot control urine, should use a bag filled with cotton or some similar device, to protect oneself, and to prevent urine from reaching other places, and the obligatory precaution is that before every namaz, he should wash the outlet o f urine which has become najis. Moreover, a person who cannot control excretion should, if possible, prevent it from reaching other parts, at least during the time required for namaz. And the obligatory precaution is that if no hardship is involved, he sh ould wash the anus for every prayers.

319. A person who suffers from incontinence should, if possible, try to restrain himself at least for the duration of namaz, even if may be difficult. In fact, if his ailment can be treated easily, he should get the necessary treatment .

320. * If a person who suffered incontinence, recovers from the ailment, it is not necessary for him to repeat those prayers which he offered according to his religious duty, during the period of his ailment. However, if he recovers during namaz, he sho uld repeat that prayers, as an obligatory precaution.

321. If a person suffers from an incontinence, which renders him unable to control passing the wind, he will act according to the rules applicable to the incontinent persons described in the foregoing.


That said, that is only mentioning urine and bowel movements, not flatulence as such (and the rule of the one doesn't necessarily apply to the other).

For frequent gas (I mean if that is a regular problem), you might want to examine your diet, sounds like you could be having a reaction to something. Beans, lentils and such can be obvious candidates, but even some vegetables, as well as dairy products (if you suffer from lactose intolerance). Speak with a doctor about it perhaps (I'm not one).

Oh, and for real stomach ailments, ginger tea (actual tea, I'm not talking about getting ginger ale). Get some strong stuff, seems to work. Peppermint tea also for regular run of the mill gas and digestional problems.

Edited by macisaac, 21 April 2008 - 07:28 PM.


#3 Toronto110

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Posted 22 April 2008 - 11:58 AM

Salamu alaikum my Muslim brothers and sisters. I have a Fiqh question I need help with, Insha Allah. I've recently been having fairly severe stomach problems. From time to time I have much diarrhea, bloating, and flautlence (gas) sorry for this gross info. I need to know what is the ruling on one who from time to time has so much flatulence (gas) at such a regular interval that they have trouble keeping wudu. Thankfully, my stomach problems are mostly under control and I usually do not have to deal with this issue, Alhamdulillah. However, sometimes I start to feel really gassy. I've read this info from Sunnis which seems to speak of this kind of issue, I want the correct Shi'a Muslim opinion however. The following is from islam-qa.com a Sunni website speaking of the issue of urinary incontinence (constant drops of urine, etc.) I felt it similiar to having constant gas (meaning both are hadath and break wudu); quote- Do wudoo’ for each prayer, then pray as you are, and pray as much as you like, fard and naafil, with this wudoo’. After doing this, anything else that comes out does not matter. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can…” [al-Taghaabun 64:16]. Do not miss any prayers or delay doing them on time, and your prayer will be valid.
end quote.
What is the true Shi'a Muslim laws regarding this issue, especially Sayyed Sistani(HA) whom I make Taqlid to. Also it sometimes happens that I have diarrhea right as the time for Namaz is about to end. For example the last few days I've woken up for Fajr Namaz (Salaah) and had to run to the bathroom and had to be in the restroom until the time for Fajr Namaz is over due to diarrhea and pain. When I get out and I'm okay, should I make Niyyah simply for Fajr Namaz or do I need to make Niyyah for Qadha of Fajr Namaz. Being I don't know I've been simply making making Niyyah in my head saying "Allah you know best, I'm praying Fajr Namaz, since it's late it may be Qadha, please accept this from me". Also in these situations were I've had diarrhea and sometimes I'm physically weak if it gets to bad and I'm in too much pain or dizziness I'm allowed to sit for Namaz correct? If one cannot stand but can get out of a seat and go down to the ground for Sujood is this what is preferred for one who cannot stand due to illness at that time. Thanks for your help, Jazak Allah Khayr.

Brother macisaac's reply is obviously enough.
I just want to advice you to see a doctor immedietely. If possible get colonscopy done asap.
These conditions points to colon cancer. May Allah ÓÈÍÇäå æÊÚÇáì keep you healthy.
Recite Surah e Hamd, 70 times, while putting your right hand on your stomach.



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