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Found 131 results

  1. Tale of Hussain's Martyrdom Foreword In the Name of Allah the Compassionate, the Merciful Why the Recurrence of Recounting the Story of the Martyrdom of Imam Hussain (as.)? Perennial conflict between truth and falsehood did not cease for a moment. At times, the conflict resulted in difficult periods with disastrous consequences for humanity. Had it not been for the Providence, it was about to cause a setback to the human procession towards peace, justice and equity. The advent of Islam with the Prophet, Mohammad (S) and Imam Ah and his eleven descendants (A) at the helm of guidance for humanity was the grace of Allah. Perhaps, the most glaring manifestation of this bitter conflict at the early days of Islam was the hostile stance adopted by the Umayyads towards the Messenger of Islam and his pure progeny. Readers of history will have noticed that the Ummayad clan, rivals of the Hashimite clan, although belonging to the same tribe - Quraish, did not spare any way or means to show their enmity and grudge against the Hashimite. At the time of the Prophet (S) Abu Sufian, Sakhr bin Harb bin Umayya was the commander of the infidel armies who fought the Muslims in the battles Badr, Uhud and al-Khandaq. He professed Islam for fear of his life in 81 H., the year of the conquest of Mekkah. Abu Sufian's grudge against Islam was all apparent. When Othman, an Ummayyad, assumed the mantle of caliph, Abu Sufian hurried to the grave of Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib, who was martyred in the battle of Uhud. Kicking the grave with his foot, he uttered his now infamous words: "By him whom Abu Sufian take an oath, there is neither heaven nor hell. Snatch it, Oh children of the Umayyads!, as if you were catching a ball; Hold to it (power) with the skin of your teeth". This hostile stand against Islam was handed down from Abu Sufian to his son, Mu'aawiya. This was clearly manifested when Imam Ali (A) was chosen as caliph. Mu'aawiya waged three devastating wars against the legitimate caliph; these were (al-Jamal), headed by Umul-Mo'mineen (Mother of the believers), A'isha at the pretext of venging the blood of the caliph Othman, (Siffeen), commanded by Mu'aawiya at the same pretext and (al-Nahrawan) at the behest of Mu'aawiya; Mu'aawiya's unrelenting efforts and schemings culminated in assassinating Imam Ali (A), while he was leading congregational prayer. After the death of Imam Ali (A), his son Imam Hassan (A) inherited the caliphate. Mu'aawiya did not give him a respite. He commissioned a big army and marched from Syria to Iraq to fight Imam Hassan (A). With deceit and carrot and stick he managed to manipulate the military situation in his favour. With many of his military commanders defecting to the enemy side, falling prey to Mu'aawiya's promises, Imam Hassan had no alternative but to sign a (truce) with Mu'aawiya, driven by concern to preserve what was left of the disciples (companions) of the Prophet in his camp, who were tracked down by Mu'aawiya's agents. It was for this and the fact that Imam Hassan wanted to buy time to re-organise his depleted army. Imam Hassan was forced to sign the cease-fire agreement with Mu'aawiya. However, Mu'aawiya did not keep his part of the agreement. He unilaterally revoked the agreement. For him, extending his power base to include Iraq mattered the most. He made this evidently clear in his address to the Kufans: "Oh people! I did not wage war against you in order to make you observe prayer, fast, pilgrimage, and pay religious dues. I only did so to be able to be in charge of your affairs". As the era of Mu'aawiya was drawing to a close with all the calamities inflicted on the followers of Imam Ali (A), especially the elite amongst them, he appointed his son wayward Yazid as heir-apparent. This move inflamed the feelings of the majority of Muslims. In protest they refused to endorse his appointment due to his public debauchery and the fact that he did not meet the most basic of requirements of the Islamic office of Caliph. On top of those who publicly rejected Yazid's appointment at the helm of Muslim's affairs were Imam Hassan and his brother, Imam Hussain (A). Thus, Mu'aawiya decided to get rid of them so that he may have a free hand in his plan for the succession to the Ummayyad rule. He was successful in assassinating Imam Hassan (A) through poisoning by his wife Ju'dah bint al-Ash'ath, having promised her marriage from his son Yazid. After implementing the plan, he did not deliver, accusing her of betrayal and fearing for his own son as she might do the same thing to him. As for Imam Hussain (A), the circumstance were not right for Mu'aawiya to kill him. He left the task of liquidating him to his son, Yazid. When Yazid rose to power after the death of his father, he ordered the governors of provinces to get the pledge of allegiance for him from the Muslims. Accordingly, the governor of al-Madinah requested the allegiance from Imam Hussain (A). His answer was unequivocal, "The like of me do not swear allegiance to Yazid, the playboy and the killer of respected soul". This statement amounted to a declaration of war against the Umayyads. In his decision to travel to Iraq, Imam Hussain (A) wanted to spare Mekkah and Madinah the honours of war and blood shed, especially during the sacred months. And the fact that the Iraqis invited him to come to them as they, "have brandished swords for him against their enemy, the Banu Umayyah". Yet, even before his arrival in Kufa they betrayed him. They unveiled their true colours in unprecedented dishonesty and cruelty against the Imam, members of his family and companions at the battle of Karbala - as detailed in this tale; a glaring demonstration of enmity, oppression, ruthlessness, and brutality was meted out by the Ummayyad rule. The question that lingers in the minds is: Why is the anniversary of the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (A) commemorated every year in this public display of outpourings, as if it were an ever-fresh memory? You will find the answer at the tip of every tongue of those infatuated with the love of Imam Hussain (A): We bring our children up on his memory, teach our youth to follow in his footsteps, remind the elderly of the magnitude of the tragedy so that it remains alive in the hearts and minds; and learn lessons, from his sacrifices and firmness in faith, to be emulated in our lives. At adversity, he never wavered, saying: "If the religion of Mohammad was not going to live on except with me dead, let the swords tear me to pieces". I used to listen to the account of Imam Hussain's martyrdom related in commemorative gatherings in Najaf and Karbala at a tender age. As time passes and circumstances change as a results of adverse events engulfing Iraq in general and Najaf and Karbala in particular, we ended up settling in London. And when we inaugurated Ahlul-Bayt Islamic Centre in 1982, we marked this occasion with the mourning assembly in memory of Imam Hussain following the traditional family commemoration of this solemn occasion. On the tenth day of Muharram, the tale of the tragedy of Karbala used to be recounted by the late Ayatullah as-Sayyid Moharnmad Taqi Bahrul Uloom.(1) After his death, I took the responsibility of reciting it. Since I assumed this responsibility, I consulted many a book dealing with the story of the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (A). Shorn of sentiments, my aim has always been accuracy of the reports, doing away with exaggerations and half truths. I hope I have been successful. And in order to reach a wider audience, I asked al-Haj Najim al-Khafaji to translate it into English. Also, to ensure veracity of the text, I kindly requested the eloquent orator, al-Haj Mulla Asgharali Jaffer, President of World Federation of K.S.I. Muslim Communities to revise it; he thankfully obliged and contributed to its publication. May their reward from Imam Hussain, in whose memory this publication has been commissioned, be great. From us are due the thanks and from the readers appreciation. After all this my only hope is that all of us may have contributed, each in his own humble effort, to keeping the memory of Imam Hussain, the lord of martyrs so that the people of Kisa (mantle): Mohammad, Ali, Fatima, Hassan, and Hussain be our intercessors on the day of reckoning, when neither wealth nor offspring would avail. Allah, the Most High is the only Bestower of success. Dr Mohammad Bahrul Uloom London 10th Muharram, 1415 20th June, 1994
  2. Name - Ali-ibn-ul Husain Title - Zain-ul Abideen Kunyat - Abu Muhammad Born - Saturday 15th of Jamadi-ul-Awwal (some mention 5th Sha'ban), at Medina Father's Name - Husain ibn Ali Mother's Name - Shahr Banoo, daughter of King Yazdigard II Died - at the age of 58 years, in Medina , on the 21st of Muharram 95 AH. Poisoned by Waleed bin Abdul Malik Marwan. Buried - Jannat-ul-Baqi .
  3. There is a common practice amongst Muslims to fast on the 10th of Muharram (1 month of the Islamic calendar). Although there are several hadith in support of this act, they can be summarized using the 2 primary hadiths below: “When Allah's Apostle arrived at Medina, he found the Jews observing the fast on the day of 'ashura' (10th of Muharram). The Prophet asked them (about it) and they replied, "This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh." The Prophet said (to the Muslims), "We are nearer to Moses than they, so fast on this day." Volume 3, Book 31, Number 222: Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas Volume 4, Book 55, Number 609: Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas Volume 5, Book 58, Number 279: Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas Volume 6, Book 60, Number 202: Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas Volume 6, Book 60, Number 261: Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas Sahih Bukhari “During the Pre-lslamic Period of ignorance the Quraish used to observe fasting on the day of 'ashura', and the Prophet himself used to observe fasting on it too. But when he came to Medina, he fasted on that day and ordered the Muslims to fast on it. When (the order of compulsory fasting in ) Ramadan was revealed, fasting in Ramadan became an obligation, and fasting on 'ashura' was given up, and who ever wished to fast (on it) did so, and whoever did not wish to fast on it, did not fast.” Volume 6, Book 60, Number 31: Narrated by Aisha Volume 3, Book 31, Number 117: Narrated by 'Aisha (similar to above hadith) Volume 3, Book 31, Number 220: Narrated by Aisha (similar to above hadith) Volume 5, Book 58, Number 172: Narrated by 'Aisha (similar to above hadith) Sahih Bukhari Let’s investigate the first hadith – fasting in observance Moses victory. In Judaism, this event is known as Passover. The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan. The Jews of Medina also followed this calendar and not the Arab calendar. Authentic hadith tell us that the Prophet (saw) migrated from Mecca to Medina at the end of Safar so his first Ashura in Medina was in AH2. Based on on-line date conversion software (+- 1-2 days): 10 Muharram AH2 (Islamic date) = 14 July 623AD (Gregorian date) = 8th of Av, 4383 (Jewish date) Since the month of AV is the fifth month of the Hebrew calendar, it is highly unlikely the Jews were fasting in observance of Passover on the 10th of Muharram since the dates were nowhere close to each other. Now for the 2nd hadith – continuing the custom of Qurayish by fasting on 10th Muharram The Prophet (saw) spent 23 years of his preaching Islam and abrogating the customs of the kuffar of Mecca yet he continued this custom even after hijra? Highly unlikely! Even if the above traditions are taken to be true, why only celebrate one Jewish custom out of thousands of them? Also, if the Prophet (saw) celebrated their joyous occasions, did he observe and show sorrow during their sad or calamitous days? Why not observe the Sabbath or celebrate the birthday of UZA? The entire Muslim community has a choice: either celebrate Ashura by fasting and celebrating in allegiance to the Jews of Medina and Kuffar of Mecca or observe the calamity that befell the progeny of the Prophet (saw) in a solemn and somber manner. BTW, one of the options makes you a munafiq (hint: loving the Prophet but ignoring the calamity of his progeny)
  4. Is there a Di'Bil here, who can compose a line or few lines? Establishment of Majalis to commemorate the events of Karbala’ https://www.al-islam.org/story-of-the-holy-kaaba-and-its-people-shabbar/eighth-imam-ali-ibn-musa-al-ridha#establishment-majalis-commemorate-events-karbala https://www.al-islam.org/nafasul-mahmum-relating-heart-rending-tragedy-karbala-shaykh-abbas-qummi/dispatching-household-ahlul#entry-household-madinah-and-their-mourning-upon-imam-husayn https://www.al-islam.org/life-imam-ali-bin-musa-al-ridha-baqir-shareef-al-qurashi/chapter-16-affairs-imam-khurasan#immortal-poem-dibil https://www.al-islam.org/life-imam-ali-bin-musa-al-ridha-baqir-shareef-al-qurashi/chapter-16-affairs-imam-khurasan#text-poem ***** https://www.al-islam.org/articles/two-poems-about-ashura-zehra-naqvi#night-ashura’ https://www.al-islam.org/articles/two-poems-about-ashura-zehra-naqvi#there-anyone-help-you
  5. Movie on Qafila e Karbala the Caravan of Pride Full movie(Urdu with Eng sub): https://youtu.be/4_tLhsJMh-A The saviour of mankind|BISKIT: https://youtu.be/PrH4ojZuItg
  6. Today it is 11th of Muharram. After having mourned for Hussain (as) and his loyal companions who have been martyred in the greatest of battles, we have surely been taught something. For around 60 generations we have kept Imam alive. He may not be physically here, but his ideology is day by day being more sound. The more oppressed and corruptive this earth gets, the more we remember Hussain's struggle. We remember the feel Hussain must have had once he realized how the muslims went against him. The feeling of betrayal for worldly pleasures. They swapped gold dimes with a diamond pearl. A person whose face was so pure, it was as if the moon was walking on earth. A person that submitted completely to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى even though he saw how his family and friends were being martyred. A person who wanted to join the martyrs of Karbala even though it would not affect his position in the view of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى. Hussain (as), the name that clouds scream when they pour rain upon us. Hussain (as), whose killers will be avenged by the Hujjat-ul-Allah. Hussain (as), who makes every heart with sincerity cry out his name. Hussain (as), who kept sincere and humble manners even during the slaughtering of his family and companions. He was the one who offered water to his enemy while dying of thirst. What do we learn from Hussain (as)? What do I learn from Hussain (as)? Hussain (as) remembers me the day Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) was struck with the poisonous sword. It was the famous saying of 'Ali that made the ground of the earth shake: "By the Lord of the Kaaba, I am successful" Once Hussain (as) fell on the ground, I always imagine him saying such a line. Some might say, how can they be successful if Allah took their lives? The physical aspects of the Ahl al-Bayt, the 11 Imams might have been killed, but their ideology stands strong. Hussain (as) is remembered every year, every month, every week, every day, every hour, every minute and every second. It is people like Yazeed, Shimr, Omaar ibn Saad - may Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى take away the Prophet's intercession for them - who have lost not only their afterlife, but also their life in this dunya. No one remembers these people nor do they have active shrines. The knowledge of a person stays for eternity. And we thank you for this O' Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt. We thank you O' Messenger of God for leaving us the Qu'ran and your Ahl al-Bayt who will never seperate from each other till they meet you at the Pond. Hussain (as) also resembles the struggle of the Mahdi (as) for me. Hussain (as), just like his brother and father, stood up against tyranny and injustice. Hussain (as) gave his life to save Islam from changing to that of the Ummayyads. Hussain (as) did not only defeat injustice. He did not only fight tyranny. He actually fought and spread the pure Islam for over 1400 years. Every second that passes, every minute that passes that we dedicate to remembering Hussain (as), we are actually spreading pure Islam. Everytime we introduce Hussain (as) to others, we are spreading Islam. Islam does not get spread by wars. But by tragedies like that of Hussain (as). We should ask something very important from Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى this 11th of Muharram. Please, if you are reading this. I beg you. For the sake of towheed and Hussain (as)'s struggle. Please, make du'a today to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى with complete sincerity and humbleness. Make du'a for the reappearance of the Mahdi (as). Please, for once beg Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى and make a promise to stand side by side with the Mahdi (as). Wallahi, if we want to make the Mahdi (as) reappear, we should change our lifestyle and our humbleness to that of Hussain (as). Do not forget Mahdi's (as) pain for over thousand years. Do you think He likes to see the oppression and tyranny? Do you not think he wants to instignate a worldwide Karbala? We must prepare ourselves. Ya Allah, by the martyrs of Karbala, by the nowadays shohada in the wars against oppression. By the sincere and devoted fuqaha we have today. By the inhabitants of Qom who will rise with our Qa'im. By the people who are sincere and humble towards the Ahl al-Bayt. Ya Allah, even though our hearts and tongues do not always sing together, we ask you forgiveness and ask you your mercy upon our souls. We ask You to bless us with the status of being Shohada on the path of truth. We ask you - even though we do not have the 'ilm al-Ghayb - to hasten the reappearance of the Mahdi (as) for who we want to sacrifice our worthless human souls. On this day, which is one day after the maqtal, we sincerely ask you to grant us the fight against injustice. We have been bearing injustice over justice for over 60 generations. And by day it is getting worse. Ya Allah, do not forget our true intentions and do not forget that we strive to reach the status of true devotees. Ya Allah, make our hearts filled with love and affection towards the Thaqalayn, and please, do not punish our souls by taking away our soft hearts which cry for our beloved Hussain (as). Ya Allah, grants us the Prophet's intercession on the Day of Judgement. We cannot bear your severe punishments. Wa sallalahu 'ala Muhammad wa ale Muhammad.
  7. In the name of the lord of the martyrs. I intend to share some video clips as the title of the post says about Ashura, and I ask you to share similar video clips below this post.
  8. sssxxx

    Ashura in Denmark

    Copenhagen (Denmark)- Ashura 2017 Copenhagen (Denmark)- Ashura 2017 Ashura, the anniversary of Imam Hussein’s martyrdom, held in Copenhagen along with walking in some streets, distributing tracts, and explaining the event of Ashura by Shia youth.
  9. For The Love of The Emir

    O Ibn Shabib, cry upon Hussain

    Imam Reza AS said, “O Son of Shabib! If you wish to cry for anything or anyone, cry for al-Hussain Ibn Ali AS for he was slaughtered like a sheep. Eighteen members from his family who were unparalleled on earth were also killed along with him. Certainly, the seven heavens and earths cried because of the murder of al-Hussain AS. Four thousand Angels descended on earth to aid him, but (when they were allowed to reach there) they found him martyred. So they remained at his grave, disheveled and dusty, and will remain there until the rising of al-Qa’im (Imam al-Mahdi AS), whereupon they will aid him. Their slogan will be, ‘Vengeance for the blood of al-Husain.’ O Son of Shabib! My father related to me from his father, who related from his grandfather that when my grandfather Imam al-Husain AS was martyred, the sky rained blood and red sands. O Son of Shabib! When you weep over the afflictions of al-Husain AS so that tears flow from your eyes onto your cheeks, Allah will forgive all your sins, big or small, few or numerous. O Son of Shabib! If you wish to meet Allah, the mighty and the majestic, free of sin, then perform the Ziyarat of al-Hussain AS. O Son of Shabib! If it pleases you to abide in the palaces of Paradise in company of the Prophet SAWA and his family, then invoke Allah’s curse upon the murderers of Imam al-Hussain AS. O Son of Shabib! If you wish to earn the reward of those who were martyred with al-Hussain AS, then whenever you remember him, say, ‘If only I had been with them so that I would have attained the great felicity.’ O Son of Shabib! If you desire to be with us in the highest degree of Paradise, then grieve in our sorrows and rejoice in our happiness. Remain attached to our love, for even if a person loves a stone, Allah shall resurrect him with it on the Day of Judgment.
  10. Because sometimes our ceremonies of mourning for Imam Hussein (as) attain perfection in terms of organisation, fervor or chanting and it becomes transcendent, here is a topic where you can post your favorite footages of latmiyat/nohat/matam/sina zani etc...
  11. Salaam what can a female who can't pray on the eve of ashura do? what can we read etc jazakAllah khair
  12. ArifHussainRajabali

    The martydom of Hazrat Abbas (as)

    Salaam alaikum all, I am sure you all aware of the circumstances surrounding how Hazrat Abbas (as) was martyred fetching water for Imam Hussain (as) and the children. I came across some opposition from Sunni muslims (not directly towards me) questioning the way some of the companions of Imam Hussain (as) were martyred. Particularly with the way Abbas (as) was martyred. The claim is that circumstances surrounding his (as) martyrdom are deliberately exaggerated to make people shed tears. They don't question that he was killed trying to get water but the way in which things played out are exaggerated to make people cry and weep. I decided to do some research and find authentic sources describing the martyrdom of Abbas (as). I looked on al-islam.org and found this: http://www.shiachat.com/forum/forum/26-muharram-14392017/ The sources cited for the martyrdom of Abbas (as) is a source called 'Roudhatul Ahbab' Has anyone heard of this source? Is it authentic? Can anyone direct me to other reliable sources on this subject? Any help is much appreciated
  13. Salam Alikum - Last night I was listening to a majalis - and during the masaib section, I heard something I did not hear before, so wanted to check. The orator mentioned that while the ahlubayt (as) were on the way to Sham from Karbala - Qhuli (la), Shimr (la), and two more people made a circle and started playing with Imam Hussain (as)'s severed head like people play catch with a normal ball. I was so distressed and the way it was described surprised me. Can anyone please authenticate or negate that this happened? I know these maloons could do anything impossible - but, I never heard or read this before, so some what curious to know if you have heard or read it before. Jazakallah Khair.
  14. Audhu billahi min ash-shaitanir rajeem. Bismillah, ar-Rahman, ar-Rahim AsSalaamu Alaykum, In my humble opinion, we should focus on lessons learned from the Tragic events related to Karbala. There is a wealth of knowledge and insight stored in every action taken/ sermons delivered by Our Master Abu Abdullah Al-Husayn[as], Sayyidah Zainab[sa], Imam Ali ibn Husayn[as], Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas[as] and the blessed companions. 1] What is your understanding of the Message of Karbala. 2] What lessons do you learn from events related to Karbala. [Includes events leading up to Ashura, on the day of Ashura and events after Ashura including the caravan of the oppressed, events in Kufa, Iraq and in Damascus, Syria and their return to Medina.] *Old Topic is in a different section, http://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235036879-karbala/ let's continue in this section titled Muharram. WS *Layman*.
  15. Bismillah ir Arahman ir Rahim Salamu Alaikum! I have been Shi'a now for a little less than a year and am still having a hard time understanding things. I have heard that Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calender, but this whole month is a month of grieving because of 'Ashura? I am just trying to have things a little clearer in my head. Shukran.
  16. Old video, but good. Previously recorded footage from 2011. lll Karbala TV - Live Quran, Adhaan and Maghrib prayers from Roza-e-Imam Hussain AllahisSalam
  17. Asalaamu alaikum folks Can someone please give me a good informative documentary about Imam Hussain As that i would like to share to my brothers and sisters from different school of faith. JZK
  18. Where does it say in the Quran that you can do it? Isnt mourning just allowed on the first three days of death? Why is it an annual thing for you and do all shias do it. I think it is self abuse
  19. ali_fatheroforphans

    Dr Bilal Philips?

    I am talking about Dr Bilal Philips who is a very popular sunni speaker amongst millions of muslims who admire him. Here is a comment of his on Ashura on Facebook: (2013) "If anyone is stupid, it is you, for Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did not teach us to remember the martyrdom of his own beloved uncle, Hamzah, so why should we have to remember that of his grandson?" This is height of jahliyat(ignorance) and it just goes to show how irresponsible sunnis are when they accept a hypocrite leader like him. I think we are witnessing the signs of judgement day when we have such leaders representing Islam.
  20. Salam Alaikum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatu Dear brothers and sisters, if one of you could transliterate this noha in english, I would be extremely grateful.
  21. Hidaren

    Hussein of Era

    The following video is the first episode of the Hussein of Era series, I hope you to learn things and find a way to change your life for the real purpose of shi'ism.
  22. As Salam alaikum wa rehmatullah every 1 Can any one of you please give me the complete list of martyrs of the battle of Karbala? Actually what we hear in the gatherings the speakers are only focusing on those martyrs which are well known to all of us but as I am researching this topic, I found that the actual number of people in the caravan with hussain (r a) and martyrs is totally different from what we hear in our religious gatherings. so please gimme the name list of the martyrs of battle of karbala jazakALLAH As Salam alaikum wa rehmatullahi wa barakatohu
  23. Assalamalekum Brothers and Sisters, It's the holy month of Muharram and the great Ashura has already passed. I would like to draw and topic to you and share my findings on the context. Kindly guide me on the issue if required. Fasting on 10th of Muharram is a common practice all over the world. However, I'd like to dissect the issue based on a lecture of Syed Ammar Nakshwani below: 1. Hadith of Fasting in Ashura Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet (ﷺ) came to Medina and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He asked them about that. They replied, "This is a good day, the day on which Allah rescued Bani Israel from their enemy. So, Moses fasted this day." The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "We have more claim over Moses than you." So, the Prophet fasted on that day and ordered (the Muslims) to fast (on that day). Sahih Bukhari: Book of Fasting, Hadith# 222 Narrated Abu Musa: The day of 'Ashura' was considered as `Id day by the Jews. So the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered, "I recommend you (Muslims) to fast on this day." Sahih Bukhari: Book of Fasting, Hadith# 223 Narrated Ibn `Abbas: When Allah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came to Medina, he found the Jews observing the fast on the day of Ashura. They (the Jews) were asked about it and they said: It is the day on which Allaah granted victory to Moses and (his people) Bani Isra'il over the Pharaoh and we observe fast out of gratitude to Him. Upon this the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: We have a closer connection with Moses than you have, and he commanded to observe fast on this day. Sahih Muslim: Book of Fasting, Hadith# 2518 Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) arrived in Medina and found the Jews observing fast on the day of 'Ashura. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to them: What is the (significance) of this day that you observe fast on it? They said: It is the day of great (significance) when Allaah delivered Moses and his people, and drowned the Pharaoh and his people, and Moses observed fast out of gratitude and we also observe it. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: We have more right, and we have a closer connection with Moses than you have; so Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed fast (on the day of 'Ashura), and gave orders that it should be observed. Sahih Muslim: Book of Fasting, Hadith# 2520 2. Narrators of the Hadith Now let’s dissect this issue in the light of the narrators of the Hadith: Ibn `Abbas: Abd Allah ibn Abbas or ′Abd Allah ibn al-′Abbas otherwise called (Ibn Abbas; Al-Habr; Al-Bahr; The Doctor; The Sea) was born c. 619 CE. He was the son of Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, an uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and a nephew of the Maymunah bint al-Harith, who later became Muhammad's wife. He was one of Muhammad's cousins and one of the early Qur'an scholars. Since Ibn Abbas was only approx. 3-4 years old (as our Prophet (SAW) migrated on 622 CE), it’s quite ironic that a child of such age experienced the event of Jewish fasting and can explain the whole event such accurately later on. Abu Musa: Abu-Musa Abd-Allah Ibn Qays al-Ash'ari, better known as Abu Musa al-Ashari (d.ca. 662 or 672) was a companion of Muhammad and an important figure in early Islamic history. He was at various times governor of Basra and Kufa and was involved in the early Muslim conquests of Persia. Abu Musa came originally from Zabid, region of Yemen, where his tribe, the Ashar, lived in the pre-Islamic period. He accepted Islam at Mecca prior to the hijra and returned to his native Yemen to propagate the faith. There was no news of him for more than a decade until following the conquest of Khaybar in 628 when he came to Muhammad in Medina with more than fifty converts from Yemen including his two brothers Abu Ruhm and Abu Burdah. Since Abu Musa returned in Khaybar on 628 CE, it can be seen that he was not also present during the Jewish Fasting issue. 3. Meaning of Ashura Although the term Ashura is considered as the 10th of Muharram, but according to the explanation of Arabic language scholar Ali-Ibn Al Athir (1160-1233), the word Ashura has two meanings, an old meaning and a new meaning. Ashura came from ‘Ashrah’ which means ten in Arabic, so according to the old meaning- the 10th day of any month is known as Ashura, and according to the new meaning- after the martyrdom of Hussain bin Ali (AS) the term Ashura refers to 10th day of Muharram month. So if for the sake of argument if we believe that the Jewish fasting was on Ashura, it’s not necessary that it was the 10th of Muharram. 4. Arabic Calendar VS Jewish Calendar It’s quite ironic that Jews of medina were following the Arabic calendar that time, whereas they had their own calendar. It’s assumed that the day they referred that time could be the 10th of Tishri or 15th of Nisan according to the Jewish calendar. 10th of Tishri in Judaism is known as YOM KEPOOR or Ayiam e Kaffara (Year of Attonment) was the date when Moses (AS) came back from mount Sinai and saw his followers worshiping the golden calf. And 15th of Nisan was the date when the Jews were saved from being drowned in Nile. Now let’s peep into the miscalculations of dates for the event: 1. If the event referred to 10th of Tishri, the only year that time when 10th Muharram and 10th Tishri collided, was on 40th Year of Hijrah. So it could not be the Year when Prophet (SAW) entered Medina. 2. If it was 15th of Nisan, then it should have been the 23rd of Ramadan of the Year of Hijrah, not 10th of Muharram. 3. Last but not the least, Prophet (SAW) entered Medina on Rabiul Awwal, not Muharram!! Considering the discussed facts we can conclude that the Hadith of Jewish fasting is a fabrication and should not be let supersede the greatness of the Martyrdom of Imam Hussain (AS) and his holy family. Jazakullah Khairan.
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