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  1. Prophet(saw) addressed to gathering as a "O people" in his speech during the Farewell Hajj. From the Tafsir Ibn kathir in the tafsir of verse 5:67 "When he asked them during the biggest gathering in his speech during the Farewell Hajj. At that time, there were over forty thousand of his Companions. Muslim recorded that Jabir bin `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said in his speech on that day," «أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّكُمْ مَسْؤُولُونَ عَنِّي، فَمَا أَنْتُمْ قَائِلُونَ؟» (O people! You shall be asked about me, so what are you going to reply)
  2. When we read the verses of the quran in which where ever Bayt al Haram or Haj is mentioned the word nas (people) is used along with it. وَإِذْ جَعَلْنَا الْبَيْتَ مَثَابَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَأَمْنًا وَاتَّخِذُوا مِنْ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى ۖ وَعَهِدْنَا إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ أَنْ طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْعَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ [Shakir 2:125] And when We made the House a pilgrimage for men and a (place of) security, and: Appoint for yourselves a place of prayer on the standing-place of Ibrahim. And We enjoined Ibrahim and Ismail saying: Purify My House for those who visit (it) and those who abide (in it) for devotion and those who bow down (and) those who prostrate themselves. إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِلْعَالَمِينَ [Shakir 3:96] Most surely the first house appointed for men is the one at Bekka, blessed and a guidance for the nations. وَأَذِّنْ فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِنْ كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ [Shakir 22:27] And proclaim among men the Pilgrimage: they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, coming from every remote path, فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ [Shakir 3:97] In it are clear signs, the standing place of Ibrahim, and whoever enters it shall be secure, and pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, (upon) every one who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds. عَلَ اللَّهُ الْكَعْبَةَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ قِيَامًا لِلنَّاسِ وَالشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ وَالْهَدْيَ وَالْقَلَائِدَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ [Shakir 5:97] Allah has made the Kaaba, the sacred house, a maintenance for the people, and the sacred month and the offerings and the sacrificial animals with garlands; this is that you may know that Allah knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and that Allah is the Knower of all things. وَأَذَانٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى النَّاسِ يَوْمَ الْحَجِّ الْأَكْبَرِ أَنَّ اللَّهَ بَرِيءٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ ۙ وَرَسُولُهُ ۚ فَإِنْ تُبْتُمْ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ ۖ وَإِنْ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّكُمْ غَيْرُ مُعْجِزِي اللَّهِ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ [Shakir 9:3] And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah and His Messenger are free from liability to the idolaters; therefore if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back, then know that you will not weaken Allah; and announce painful punishment to those who disbelieve. إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَيَصُدُّونَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ الَّذِي جَعَلْنَاهُ لِلنَّاسِ سَوَاءً الْعَاكِفُ فِيهِ وَالْبَادِ ۚ وَمَنْ يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحَادٍ بِظُلْمٍ نُذِقْهُ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ [Shakir 22:25] Surely (as for) those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from Allah's way and from the Sacred Mosque which We have made equally for all men, (for) the dweller therein and (for) the visitor, and whoever shall incline therein to wrong unjustly, We will make him taste of a painful chastisement. وَأَذِّنْ فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِنْ كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ [Shakir 22:27] And proclaim among men the Pilgrimage: they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, coming from every remote path, Word “nas” is closely related with Qaba . Messenger of Allah addressed Hajis when returned from Mecca at Ghdir Khum as “ O people” in the hadith of Zaid bin Arqam in Sahih Muslim. أَمَّا بَعْدُ أَلاَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ رَسُولُ رَبِّي فَأُجِيبَ وَأَنَا تَارِكٌ فِيكُمْ ثَقَلَيْنِ O people, I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Lord and I, in response to Allah's call, (would bid good-bye to you), but I am leaving among you two weighty things: so the word nas in the verse 5:67.is mentioning the some miscreants from among the hajis gathered at Ghadir Khum. يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ ۖ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ [Shakir 5:67] O Messenger! deliver what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people
  3. [MUST READ] 100% Proof Wives Are Not Ahlulbayt

    كم is masculine object plural pronoun referring to a group( of three or more than three) of male or mixed group (of male & female) having at least one male. Story of Angels entered in to the house of Ibrahim(as) is mentioned in the quran in the verses 15:51-56,51:24-30,11:69-73. Conversation took place in the house of Ibrahim(as) between the angels and Ibrahim(as) & his two wives in the following sequence. Ibrahim(as) [Shakir 51:24] Has there come to you information about the honored guests of Ibrahim? [Shakir 51:25] When they entered upon him, they said: Peace. Peace, said he, a strange people. [Shakir 51:26] Then he turned aside to his family secretly and brought a fat (roasted) calf, [Shakir 11:70] But when he saw that their hands were not extended towards it, he deemed them strange and conceived fear of them. [Shakir 51:27] He said: What! will you not eat? [Shakir 51:28] So he conceived in his mind a fear on account of them. They said: Fear not. And they gave him the good news of a boy possessing knowledge. [Shakir 15:54] He said: Do you give me good news (of a son) when old age has come upon me?-- Of what then do you give me good news! [Shakir 15:55] They said: We give you good news with truth, therefore be not of the despairing. [Shakir 15:56] He said: And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord but the erring ones? 1st wife [Shakir 51:29] Then his wife came up in great grief, and she struck her face and said: An old barren woman! [Shakir 51:30] They said: Thus says your Lord: Surely He is the Wise, the Knowing. 2nd wife [Shakir 11:71] And his wife was standing (by), so she laughed, then We gave her the good news of Ishaq and after Ishaq of (a son's son) Yaqoub. [Shakir 11:72] She said: O wonder! shall I bear a son when I am an extremely old woman and this my husband an extremely old man? Most surely this is a wonderful thing. [Shakir 11:73] They said: Do you wonder at Allah's bidding? All the three were addressed. رَحْمَتُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ ۚ إِنَّهُ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ [Shakir 11:73] The mercy of Allah and His blessings are on you, O people of the house, surely He is Praised, Glorious. At the end of the conversation they send blessing upon the three(1 male & 2 female) who were standing in front of the angels justify the use of masculine plural object pronoun “ kum” in the verse So the use of كم masculine object plural pronoun in the verse 33:33 rejects the idea that initially verse was revealed specifically for the wives of the prophet(saw).
  4. Salamun Alaykum وَمَا كَانَ لِنَبِيٍّ أَنْ يَغُلَّ It is not [attributable] to any prophet that he would act unfaithfully 3:161 Pickthall: It is not for any prophet to embezzle. Yusuf Ali: No prophet could (ever) be false to his trust. Shakir: And it is not attributable to a prophet that he should act unfaithfully; Muhammad Sarwar: No Prophet can ever be treacherous Arberry: It is not for a Prophet to be fraudulent; verse 3:79 مَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَنْ يُؤْتِيَهُ اللَّهُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ ثُمَّ يَقُولَ لِلنَّاسِ كُونُوا عِبَادًا لِي مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ Sahih International: It is not for a human [prophet] that Allah should give him the Scripture and authority and prophethood and then he would say to the people, "Be servants to me rather than Allah ,Pickthall: It is not (possible) for any human being unto whom Allah had given the Scripture and wisdom and the prophethood that he should afterwards have said unto mankind: Be slaves of me instead of Allah; Yusuf Ali: It is not (possible) that a man, to whom is given the Book, and Wisdom, and the prophetic office, should say to people: "Be ye my worshippers rather than Allah's": Shakir: It is not meet for a mortal that Allah should give him the Book and the wisdom and prophethood, then he should say to men: Be my servants rather than Allah's; Mohsin Khan: It is not (possible) for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book and Al-Hukma (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion, etc.) and Prophethood to say to the people: "Be my worshippers rather than Allah's." Now see the verse 9:133 which is talking about seeking forgiveness of a dead polytheists. مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَىٰ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ It is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even if they were relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire. 9:113 After it has become to clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire means after the death of person as a polytheist. That means Prophet and believers never seek forgiveness for a person after his death as a polytheist. Then what is about the seeking of forgiveness by Ibrahim(as) for his uncle.? [Shakir 9:114] And Ibrahim asking forgiveness for his sire was only owing to a promise which he had made to him; but when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself to be clear of him; most surely Ibrahim was very tender-hearted forbearing.. Ibrahim(as) sought forgiveness for his uncle and dissociated himself from him during the life of his uncle . He said: Peace be on you, I shall ask forgiveness of my Lord for you. for He is to me Most Gracious 19:47 And forgive my uncle,for surely he is of those who have gone astray.26:86 But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself to be clear of him;9:114 Ibrahim(as) never sought forgiveness for a dead polytheists. Believers are asked not to seek forgiveness for a living polytheists . Beginning verses of Surah Al Mumtahina were revealed a little before the conquest of Makkah [Shakir 60:4] Indeed, there is for you a good example in Ibrahim and those with him when they said to their people: Surely we are clear of you and of what you serve besides Allah; we declare ourselves to be clear of you, and enmity and hatred have appeared between us and you forever until you believe in Allah alone-- but not in what Ibrahim said to his father: I would certainly ask forgiveness for you, and I do not control for you aught from Allah-- Our Lord! on Thee do we rely, and to Thee do we turn, and to Thee is the eventual coming: Verses 3:161, 3:79 & 9:113 are mentioning the attributes of the Prophet. They are not the forbidding commands.those attributes are mentioned as Prophet never act unfaithfully. Prophet never say “Be my worshippers rather than Allah’s. Prophet and believers never seek forgiveness of dead polytheists though he is their close relative. Believers are commanded not to seek forgiveness for a living polytheists in the verse 60:4.When believers are forbidden from seeking forgiveness of a living polytheists how they seek forgiveness of the dead one.? It is lie upon the prophet(saw) in the fabricated hadith about Abu Talib (as) that he said “I will keep on asking (Allah for) forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden to do so." Then there was revealed verse 9:113 Now read the following hadith in the light of the Quran "I heard a man seeking forgiveness for his parents who were idolaters, so I said to him: 'You seek forgiveness for your parents while they are idolaters?' He said: 'Did Ibrahim not seek forgiveness for his father, and he was an idolater?' So I mentioned that to the Prophet (ﷺ) and (the following) was revealed: It is not for the Prophet nor those who believe, that they should seek forgiveness for the idolaters (9:113)." Abu Musa Said this Hadith is Hasan. Jami at-Tirmidhi Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3101
  5. Questions About the Verse of Purification

    Prayer of Ibrahim(as) and Ismail(as) رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُسْلِمَةً لَكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ [Shakir 2:128] Our Lord! and make us both submissive to Thee and (raise) from our offspring a nation submitting to Thee, and show us our ways of devotion and turn to us (mercifully), surely Thou art the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful. and make us both submissive to Thee وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ That prayer is responded for both in the following word. There were being submissive to Allah is endorsed by the verse 37:103 of the quran. [Shakir 37:100] My Lord! grant me of the doers of good deeds. [Shakir 37:101] So We gave him the good news of a boy, possessing forbearance. [Shakir 37:102] And when he attained to working with him, he said: O my son! surely I have seen in a dream that I should sacrifice you; consider then what you see. He said: O my father! do what you are commanded; if Allah please, you will find me of the patient ones. [Shakir 37:103] So when they both submitted and he threw him down upon his forehead, [Shakir 37:104] And We called out to him saying: O Ibrahim! [Shakir 37:105] You have indeed shown the truth of the vision; surely thus do We reward the doers of good: وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُسْلِمَةً لَكَ and (raise) from our offspring a nation submitting to Thee This prayer is responded by the verse of purification in the quran. Ahl Al Bayt are the nation submitting to Allah. Now we prove from the quran that Rijs means transgression or disobedience which is opposite of submission. يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ O you who believe! intoxicants and games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (dividing by) arrows are only a Rijs , from the act of the Shaitan; shun it therefore that you may be successful. 5:90 Rijs is mentioned as "from the act of Shaitan" What was the act of Shaitan quran says فَفَسَقَ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِ “so he transgressed the commandment of his Lord.” 18:50 So rijs is the act of transgression. قُلْ لَا أَجِدُ فِي مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ مُحَرَّمًا عَلَىٰ طَاعِمٍ يَطْعَمُهُ إِلَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ مَيْتَةً أَوْ دَمًا مَسْفُوحًا أَوْ لَحْمَ خِنْزِيرٍ فَإِنَّهُ رِجْسٌ أَوْ فِسْقًا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ بِهِ ۚ فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ غَيْرَ بَاغٍ وَلَا عَادٍ فَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ Say: I do not find in that which has been revealed to me anything forbidden for an eater to eat of except that it be what has died of itself, or blood poured forth, or flesh of swine-- for that surely is Rijs-- or that which is a transgression, other than (the name of) Allah having been invoked on it; but whoever is driven to necessity, not desiring nor exceeding the limit, then surely your Lord is Forgiving, Merciful. 6:145 فَإِنَّهُ رِجْسٌ أَوْ فِسْقًا It is indeed Rijs or Transgression . So rijs is nothing else but transgression فَمَنْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ ۖ وَمَنْ يُرِدْ أَنْ يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا كَأَنَّمَا يَصَّعَّدُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ Therefore (for) whomsoever Allah intends that He would guide him aright, He expands his breast for Islam, and (for) whomsoever He intends that He should cause him to err, He makes his breast strait and narrow as though he were ascending upwards; thus does Allah lay Rijs on those who do not believe. 6:125 Here Rijs comes as an opposite of Islam (submission). When we read the verses 9:95-96 they are talking about hypocrites and describes them as Rijs and Fasiq (transgressor) إِنَّهُمْ رِجْسٌ They are Rijs 9:95 فَإِنْ تَرْضَوْا عَنْهُمْ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَرْضَىٰ عَنِ الْقَوْمِ الْفَاسِقِينَ certainly Allah is not pleased with the people who are Fasiqin 9:96 وَإِذَا مَا أُنْزِلَتْ سُورَةٌ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ أَيُّكُمْ زَادَتْهُ هَٰذِهِ إِيمَانًا ۚ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فَزَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَهُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ [Shakir 9:124] And whenever a chapter is revealed, there are some of them who say: Which of you has it strengthened in faith? Then as for those who believe, it strengthens them in faith and they rejoice. وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ فَزَادَتْهُمْ رِجْسًا إِلَىٰ رِجْسِهِمْ وَمَاتُوا وَهُمْ كَافِرُونَ And as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it adds Rijs to their Rijs and they die while they are unbelievers. 9:125 That means It adds transgression to their transgression. وَيَجْعَلُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ He make the Rijs on those who do not use intelligence 10:100 So Ahl Al Bayt were kept away from the Rijs means kept away from transgression.They were made submissive to their Lord. In this way Prayer of Ibrahim(as) & Ismail (as) was answered.
  6. Questions About the Verse of Purification

    In the hadith we find الرجس هوالشك Rijs that is Doubt we also find in hadith no 14 of al kafi out of the long hadith on page 22 in the chapter of intelligence which is talking about intelligence and its army and ignorance and its army. والتسليم وضده الشك "and Submission and its opposite is Doubt." That means Ahl Al Bayt were kept away from the disobedience. They were always submissive to Allah. as for the verse 8:11 وَيُنَزِّلُ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ بِهِ "and sent down water from the sky upon you, that thereby He might purify you". is talking about the purification of Body.
  7. Who are the Middle Nation?

    In the Quran word Al Kitab is having different meanings.Al Kitab means Book of Guidance ( quran, Torah, Injil). Al Kitab means Book of Deeds. Al Kitab means a book containing knowledge of everything and so on. Out of these I have taken the verses in which Kitab means Book of Deeds On the day of resurrection middle nation (of prophets and witnesses) will be brought forward to give their testimony over their people And we have recorded every thing in a Book. 78:29 وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ كِتَابًا And every thing they did is in the Zubur. 54:52 وَكُلُّ شَيْءٍ فَعَلُوهُ فِي الزُّبُرِ فَإِنْ كَذَّبُوكَ فَقَدْ كُذِّبَ رُسُلٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ جَاءُوا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالزُّبُرِ وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُنِيرِ But if they reject you, so indeed were rejected before you messengers who came with clear arguments and Zubur and the illuminating book.3:184 وَإِنْ يُكَذِّبُوكَ فَقَدْ كَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَبِالزُّبُرِ وَبِالْكِتَابِ الْمُنِيرِ And if they call you a liar, so did those before them indeed call (their messengers) liars; their messengers had come to them with clear arguments, and with zubur, and with the illuminating book.35:25 Here Zubur means Book of deeds and Illuminating book means Book of Guidance May be to distinguish between the two types of books mentioned in verse 3:184 & 35:25 word “zubur” is used to mention for the book of deeds. He said: Surely I am a servant of Allah; He has given me Al Kitab and made me a prophet; 19:30 قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا O Yahya! take hold of Al Kitab with strength, and We granted him wisdom while yet a child. 19:12 يَا يَحْيَىٰ خُذِ الْكِتَابَ بِقُوَّةٍ ۖ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْحُكْمَ صَبِيًّا And We gave them both(Musa & Harun) Al Kitab that made (things) clear. 37:117 وَآتَيْنَاهُمَا الْكِتَابَ الْمُسْتَبِينَ Actually book of guidance(Torah) was given to Moses only. [Shakir 6:83] And this was Our argument which we gave to Ibrahim against his people; We exalt in dignity whom We please; surely your Lord is Wise, Knowing. [Shakir 6:84] And We gave to him Ishaq and Yaqoub; each did We guide, and Nuh did We guide before, and of his descendants, Dawood and Sulaiman and Ayub and Yusuf and Haroun; and thus do We reward those who do good (to others). [Shakir 6:85] And Zakariya and Yahya and Isa and Ilyas; every one was of the good; [Shakir 6:86] And Ismail and Al-Yasha and Yunus and Lut; and every one We made to excel (in) the worlds: [Shakir 6:87] And from among their fathers and their descendants and their brethren, and We chose them and guided them into the right way. [Shakir 6:88] This is Allah's guidance, He guides thereby whom He pleases of His servants; and if they had set up others (with Him), certainly what they did would have become ineffectual for them. أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ ۚ فَإِنْ يَكْفُرْ بِهَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ فَقَدْ وَكَّلْنَا بِهَا قَوْمًا لَيْسُوا بِهَا بِكَافِرِينَ [Shakir 6:89] These are they to whom We gave the book and the wisdom and the prophecy; therefore if these disbelieve in it We have already entrusted with it a people who are not disbelievers in it. Al Kitab in the above verses is nothing else but the book of deeds of the people who existed in their respective era . Before the Messenger of Allah(as) book of deed was given to every prophets and their successors. and We made the children of Israel inherit Al kitab ,40:52 وَأَوْرَثْنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْكِتَابَ After the messenger of Allah kitab was given to his successors one after the another.in the verse 6:89 for children of Ibrahim(as) prophethood is mentioned along with Al Kitab and wisdom.where as in the verse 4:54 prophethood is not mentioned only Al Kitab, wisdom and great kingdom is mentioned. أَمْ يَحْسُدُونَ النَّاسَ عَلَىٰ مَا آتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۖ فَقَدْ آتَيْنَا آلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَآتَيْنَاهُمْ مُلْكًا عَظِيمًا Or do they envy the people for what Allah has given them of His grace? But indeed We have given to Ibrahim's children Al Kitab and the wisdom, and We have given them a grand kingdom.4:54 So these witnesses are Imam who will clear the matter on the day of Qiyamat. and We have recorded everything in a Imam (making the matter) clear . 36:12 وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ فِي إِمَامٍ مُبِينٍ يَوْمَ نَدْعُو كُلَّ أُنَاسٍ بِإِمَامِهِمْ ۖ فَمَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ يَقْرَءُونَ كِتَابَهُمْ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا On the day when We shall summon every people with their Imam. then whoever is given his book in his right hand, these shall read their book; and they shall not be dealt with a whit unjustly.17:71 وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ فَتَرَى الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ وَيَقُولُونَ يَا وَيْلَتَنَا مَالِ هَٰذَا الْكِتَابِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةً وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّا أَحْصَاهَا ۚ وَوَجَدُوا مَا عَمِلُوا حَاضِرًا ۗ وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدًا [Shakir 18:49] And the Book shall be placed, then you will see the guilty fearing from what is in it, and they will say: Ah! woe to us! what a book is this! it does not omit a small one nor a great one, but numbers them (all); and what they had done they shall find present (there); and your Lord does not deal unjustly with anyone. وَأَشْرَقَتِ الْأَرْضُ بِنُورِ رَبِّهَا وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ وَجِيءَ بِالنَّبِيِّينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ [Shakir 39:69] And the earth shall beam with the light of its Lord, and the Book shall be laid down, and the prophets and the witnesses shall be brought up, and judgment shall be given between them with justice, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly. Ummul Kitab is with Allah Allah effaces and establishes what He pleases, and with Him is the source of Al Kitab 13:39 يَمْحُو اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيُثْبِتُ ۖ وَعِنْدَهُ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ Al Kitab is with messenger of Allah (book of deed of the whole era from Begining to end) Al Kitab is with middle nation ( book of deed of people of their respective era) Al kitab will be given to each person of his own life on the day of resurrection.
  8. Umm Salama began to tell about the revelation of the verse of Tat’hir and said in this behalf: "Allah revealed the verse: O People of the Prophet’s House... There was none in the room at that time, except Gabriel, the Holy Prophet, ‘Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan and al-Husayn. I said: ‘O Prophet of Allah! Am I too one of the people of the House?’ He replied: ‘Allah will reward you and recompense you.’ I wished that he might have said ‘Yes’ and would have valued such a reply much more than anything else in the world.’" Sunni reference: Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v1, p336 https://www.al-islam.org/shiite-encyclopedia-ahlul-bayt-dilp-team/who-are-ahlul-bayt-part-2 you are confused between the arabic words "Ahl Al Bayt" & Ahl Bayt word Ahl Bayt is in the quran in the verse 28:12 وَحَرَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِ الْمَرَاضِعَ مِنْ قَبْلُ فَقَالَتْ هَلْ أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَىٰ أَهْلِ بَيْتٍ يَكْفُلُونَهُ لَكُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُ نَاصِحُونَ [Shakir 28:12] And We ordained that he refused to suck any foster mother before, so she said: Shall I point out to you the people of a house who will take care of him for you, and they will be benevolent to him? when we say أهل بيت نبي in short we used to say أهل بيت People of the house of Prophet(saw) and we see the words of the Prophet(saw) اللَّهُمَّ هَؤُلاَءِ أَهْلُ بَيْتِي "O Allah these are the people of my house" in the hadith. So Ahl Al Bayt = Prophet(saw)+Ali(as)+Fatima(sa)+Hasan(as)+Hussain(as) Ahl Baytin Nabi in Short Ahl Bayt = Ali(as)+Fatima(sa)+Hasan(as)+Hussain(as) Ahl Al bayt is specific of time & Place, where as Ahl Bayt is related with a person.
  9. I present one hadith from Sahih Al Bukhari i to prove that “ Ahl Al Bayt” means “People in the House” حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا حُضِرَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَيْتِ رِجَالٌ فِيهِمْ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ ـ قَالَ ‏"‏ هَلُمَّ أَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ كِتَابًا لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَ عُمَرُ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم غَلَبَهُ الْوَجَعُ وَعِنْدَكُمُ الْقُرْآنُ، فَحَسْبُنَا كِتَابُ اللَّهِ‏.‏ وَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْبَيْتِ وَاخْتَصَمُوا، فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ قَرِّبُوا يَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كِتَابًا لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ‏.‏ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ مَا قَالَ عُمَرُ، فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا اللَّغَطَ وَالاِخْتِلاَفَ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ قُومُوا عَنِّي ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ فَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الرَّزِيَّةَ كُلَّ الرَّزِيَّةِ مَا حَالَ بَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنِ اخْتِلاَفِهِمْ وَلَغَطِهِمْ‏.‏ Narrated Ibn `Abbas: When the time of the death of the Prophet (ﷺ) approached while there were some men in the house, and among them was `Umar bin Al-Khatttab, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Come near let me write for you a writing after which you will never go astray." `Umar said, "The Prophet (ﷺ) is seriously ill, and you have the Qur'an, so Allah's Book is sufficient for us." The people in the house differed and disputed. Some of them said, "Come near so that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) may write for you a writing after which you will not go astray," while some of them said what `Umar said. When they made much noise and differed greatly before the Prophet, he said to them, "Go away and leave me." Ibn `Abbas used to say, "It was a great disaster that their difference and noise prevented Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) from writing that writing for them. Sahih al-Bukhari 7366 Book 96, Hadith 93 In the Hadith Arabic words are وَفِي الْبَيْتِ رِجَالٌ There were some men in the house وَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْبَيْتِ وَاخْتَصَمُوا The people in the house differed and disputed Now see the following verses of the Quran إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people in the House! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying.33:33 People in the House when verse 33:33 was revealed were Muhammad(saw), Ali(as), Fatema(saw), Hasan(as )and Hussain(as) and that view is endorsed by the Hadiths. رَحْمَتُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ The mercy of Allah and His blessings are on you, O people in the house, surely He is Praised, Glorious. 11:73 People in the house upon whom Angeles were sending the blessing were Abraham(as) and his two wives
  10. In the hadith of interpretation of the verse 42:43 it is said that “There was no branch of the tribe of Quraish but the Prophet (saw) had relatives therein.” Then Why the share of the khums of relatives was limited to Banu Hashim and Banu Al-Muttalib? Narrated Jubair bin Mut`im: `Uthman bin `Affan and I went to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, "You had given Banu Al-Muttalib from the Khumus of Khaibar's booty and left us in spite of the fact that we and Banu Al-Muttalib are similarly related to you." The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Banu Hashim and Banu Al-Muttalib only are one and the same." So the Prophet (ﷺ) did not give anything to Banu `Abd Shams and Banu Nawfal. Sahih al-Bukhari Book 64, Hadith 267
  11. Salamun Alaykum. قُل لَّا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبَى Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives 42:23 Narrated Tawus: Ibn `Abbas recited the Qur'anic Verse:--'Except to be kind to me for my kin-ship to you--" (42.23) Sa`id bin Jubair said, "(The Verse implies) the kinship of Muhammad." Ibn `Abbas said, "There was not a single house (i.e. sub-tribe) of Quraish but had a kinship to the Prophet (saw) and so the above Verse was revealed in this connection, and its interpretation is: 'O Quraish! You should keep good relation between me (i.e. Muhammad) and you." Sahih Al Bukhari Book 61, Hadith 7 Narrated Ibn `Abbas: That he was asked (regarding): "Except to be kind to me for my Kinship with you.' (42.23) Sa`id bin Zubair (who was present then) said, "It means here (to show what is due for) the relatives of Muhammad." On that Ibn `Abbas said: you have hurried in giving the answer! There was no branch of the tribe of Quraish but the Prophet (saw) had relatives therein. The Prophet (saw) said, "I do not want anything from (you ) except to be Kind to me for my Kinship with you." Sahih Al Bukhari ,Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 343 Ibn Abbas replied to a question written to him about who are the Kinsmen of the Holy Prophet(saw).? below is the part of the long hadith. وَكَتَبْتَ تَسْأَلُنِي عَنْ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَى مَنْ هُمْ وَإِنَّا زَعَمْنَا أَنَّا هُمْ فَأَبَى ذَلِكَ عَلَيْنَا قَوْمُنَا And you have written asking me about the close relatives (of the Holy Prophet) as to who they are. We think that it is we, but our people have denied us this. Sahih Muslim Book 32 Hadith 168 كَتَبْتَ تَسْأَلُنِي عَنْ سَهْمِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى لِمَنْ هُوَ وَهُوَ لَنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ You have written asking me about the share of the relatives (of the Messenger of Allah), to whom should it be given? It is for us, the members of the household (Ahl Al-Bait). Sunan an-Nasa'i 4134, Book 38, Hadith 2 Grade:Sahih. In one Hadith Ibn Abbas said that “There was no branch of the tribe of Quraish but the Prophet(saw) had relatives therein and in the another hadith he restricted the relatives of the prophet(saw) to the Member of the household only. Why are the two contradictory statements of Ibn Abbas Regarding close relatives of the Prophet(saw)?
  12. Who are the Middle Nation?

    وَمَا تَكُونُ فِي شَأْنٍ وَمَا تَتْلُو مِنْهُ مِنْ قُرْآنٍ وَلَا تَعْمَلُونَ مِنْ عَمَلٍ إِلَّا كُنَّا عَلَيْكُمْ شُهُودًا إِذْ تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ And in whatever condition you may be and whatever you recite of that (condition) from (the) quran (O prophet) and not you do any deed (O people) but we are witnesses over you when you engaged in to it. 10:61 Allah tells to the Prophet(saw) that since when you are in the condition of the recitation of the quran you are one of the witnesses .And in that condition was messenger of Allah even before the creation of human being الرَّحْمَـنُ - عَلَّمَ الْقُرْءَانَ - خَلَقَ الإِنسَـنَ The Beneficent Allah, Taught the Quran , He created Man. 55:1,2,3 كُنَّا عَلَيْكُمْ شُهُودًا إِذْ تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ We are witness over you when you are engaged in it In the verse 10:61 word “Shuhuda” is used which is Plural that means at least there must be three witness over our deed. Three witnesses are Allah, His Messenger & Middle Ummat ( of prophets and their successors) Middle ummat is witness only for their respective era but messenger of Allah is witness even before the creation of Adam to the day of resurrection. وَقُلِ اعْمَلُواْ فَسَيَرَى اللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَسَتُرَدُّونَ إِلَى عَـلِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَـدَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ And Say do(any deed) Allah will see your deed and his messenger and the believers and you will be brought back to the knower of the unseen and the seen, then he will inform you of what you did. 9:105
  13. Wsalam Shia means group of people having similarity based on either community or religion And certainly we sent (messengers) before you in earlier groups(Sheya’i L Awwalin) Who were these earlier groups (communities) ? Certainly we sent Nuh to his people… 7:59 And to Aad (we sent) their brother Hud….7:65 And to Samud (we sent) their brother Salih…7:73 And Lut when he said to his people…7:80 And to the (people of) Madyan we sent their brother Shu’ayb..11:84 And certainly we sent Musa with our clear signs and authority manifest.11:96 to Firaun and his chiefs….11:97 These earlier groups are mentioned as “those were Ahzab” in the below verse.Where ”Ahzab” is plural of “Hijzb” which means subgroup. Denied before them (the) people of Nuh and Aad and Firaun (the) owner (of) the stakes and (the) people (of) Lut and the companions (of ) the wood those were the groups…..38:12-13 Not one (of them) but rejected the messengers so just was my punishment 38:14 Out of the people of Nuh few accepted the Nuh(as) and the others rejected him.that means out of the community one hizb accepted Nuh(as) and other Hizb rejected Nuh(as) same was the case with the other communities.That means “Shea’ya” is further divided in to the “Hizb”. Now which were the groups( based on religion) mentioned in the verse 6:159 who existed at the time of messenger of Allah(saw)? Surely Those who parted away from their religion and became groups(Shiaya’an) you have no concern with them in anything. Their affair is only with Allah then he will inform them of what they did. 6:159 These groups are mentioned in the verse 22:17 [Shakir 22:17] Surely those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabeans and the Christians and the Magians and those who associate (others with Allah)-- surely Allah will decide between them on the day of resurrection; surely Allah is a witness over all things. … And be not the polytheists of those who parted (from ) their religion and became groups.each group rejoicing in what they had with them 30:31-32 So the polytheists are the one group out of groups mentioned in the verse 22:17 Nuh(as) was from among the group of believing servants Surely he was one of our believing servants 37:81.And surely from his group was Abraham. 37:83 So the above verse clearly indicates that Ibrahim(as) was never from the group of polytheist people. Indeed, Pharaoh exalted himself in the land and made its people into groups, oppressing a sector among them, slaughtering their [newborn] sons and keeping their females alive. Indeed, he was of the corrupters. 28:4 And he entered the city at a time of inattention by its people and found therein two men fighting: one from his group and one from among his enemy. 28:15 Quran says Stead fast (in) the religion and do not part away (from) it 42:13 According to Sunnis Islam is upon five I heard the messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: Verily, al-Islam is founded on five (pillars): testifying the fact that there is no god but Allah, establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, fast of Ramadan and Pilgrimage to the House. Sahih Muslim Book 1 hadith 22. Alhamdolillah we shia believe and hold fast to all the five pillars of Islam according to Sunnis and have not parted away from any one of them where as the Wilayat is the part of the religion according to the Quran and Sunnah of the prophet(saw) and sunnis parted away from it. Now out of the group of believers who takes Allah and His messenger and those who believe as Wali are “Hizbullah” [Shakir 5:54] O you who believe! whoever from among you turns back from his religion, then Allah will bring a people, He shall love them and they shall love Him, lowly before the believers, mighty against the unbelievers, they shall strive hard in Allah's way and shall not fear the censure of any censurer; this is Allah's Face, He gives it to whom He pleases, and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing. [Shakir 5:55] Only Allah is your Vali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow. [Shakir 5:56] And whoever takes Allah and His messenger and those who believe for a guardian, then surely the party of Allah are they that shall be triumphant.
  14. Thus you shall not show pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. Dueteronomy 19:21 [Shakir 5:45] And We prescribed to them in it that life is for life, and eye for eye, and nose for nose, and ear for ear, and tooth for tooth, and (that there is) reprisal in wounds; but he who foregoes it, it shall be an expiation for him; and whoever did not judge by what Allah revealed, those are they that are the unjust. We prescribed to them in it means in Torah which is evident from verse 5:44
  15. When I was reading Book of Deuteronomy I found some commands and I found these commands followed by Messenger of Allah(saw) in Quran And when the LORD your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword, Deuteronomy 20:13But you may keep for yourselves all the women, children, livestock, and other plunder. You may enjoy the plunder from your enemies that the LORD your God has given you. Deuteronomy 20:14 [Shakir 33:26] And He drove down those of the followers of the Book who backed them from their fortresses and He cast awe into their hearts; some you killed and you took captive another part. [Shakir 33:27] And He made you heirs to their land and their dwellings and their property, and (to) a land which you have not yet trodden, and Allah has power over all things. These sentences state briefly the whole results of the Battle of Banī Qurayzah in which some of these perfidious persons were killed by the Muslims and another group were taken as captives, The children who had not yet reached adolescence and the women were taken prisoner, and a great deal of booties, including: their lands, their houses and their properties were occupied by the Muslims. “When you besiege a city for a long time, making war against it in order to take it, you shall not destroy its trees by wielding an axe against them. You may eat from them, but you shall not cut them down. Are the trees in the field human, that they should be besieged by you? Dueteronomy 20:19 Only the trees that you know are not trees for food you may destroy and cut down, that you may build siegeworks against the city that makes war with you, until it falls. Dueteronomy 20:20 [Shakir 59:5] Whatever palm-tree you cut down or leave standing upon its roots, It is by Allah's command, and that He may abase the transgressors This is When the Messenger of Allah laid siege to Bani An-Nadir, to humiliate them and bring fear and terror to their hearts