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Qa'im

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About Qa'im

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    The Hadith Guy.

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  1. Let us compile a list of some of our favourite hadiths. Ideally, let's include both Arabic and English. Here is one from Nahj al-Balagha: قال أمير المؤمنين: عجبْتُ لاْبن آدم، اوّله نطفة، و آخره جيفة، و هو قائم بينهما وعاء للغائط، ثم يتكبر Imam `Ali [a] said, "I am astonished by mankind. His beginning is sperm, his end is a corpse, and in between the two he is not but a vessel of excrement. Despite that, he is prideful."
  2. Authenticity of Hadith

    I am not sure. In terms of hadiths that condemn all Sufis by name, from the ones I've seen, they tend to be from late books. There are however some narrations in earlier books that may be seen as condemning certain beliefs or behaviours of Sufis.
  3. Authenticity of Hadith

    Only that narrator is majhool and therefore weak, but the main problem is not so much the narrator, but the 5 century gap between al-Ardabeeli and Sharif al-Murtada. I don't know where the former is getting the hadith from. Hurr al-`Amuli did not fabricate the narration, he presumably got it from al-Ardabeeli. Ardabeeli either got it from a lost book, or a fabricated book, or an oral report that he does not mention; we're not sure.
  4. Authenticity of Hadith

    Hurr al-`Amuli (d. 1693) got the narration from Hadiqat ash-Shi`a by al-Muqaddas al-Ardabeeli (d. 1585), who claims to get it from Sayyid al-Murtada (d. 1044), but I cannot find the narration in any book earlier than al-Ardabeeli's. It could be from a lost book, or it could be fabricated. As for the chain Sayyid al-Khoei considers Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid to be majhool.
  5. Marriage to Ahlul-Kitab

    The easy answer is, these exceptions were made because this is what the Ahl al-Bayt (as) had taught us. There may be a deeper wisdom behind the law that we may not understand. But, there is a general principle in Islam: conversion is encouraged and made easy. The shahada makes one an equal to anyone born Muslim. Muslims can inherit from their non-Muslim parents, but not vice versa. Muslim men can marry Kitabi women, but not vice versa. Converts no longer paid the poll tax. New Muslims do not have all of the same expectations, they learn at their pace. Etc. Conversion to Islam in the Middle East was very gradual, and it took centuries for Muslims to become the majority, in part due to these social mechanisms.
  6. Mahdi and the Torah

    The text starts after the first paragraph: https://clas-pages.uncc.edu/john-reeves/research-projects/trajectories-in-near-eastern-apocalyptic/nistarot-secrets-of-r-shimon-b-yohai-2/ The eschatological role of Jesus is more secondary to the Mahdi, especially in Shia Islam. Jesus is a descendant of Aaron in the Quran (19:27-28). Zechariah was a priest, and Elizabeth, who was Mary's relative, was a Levite (Luke 1:5). In our hadiths, the Mahdi rules, while Jesus prays behind him - much like the dual leadership structure in Judaism (King and Prophet). So in short, Jesus is the Messiah of Aaron, and his role in the eschatology is more priestly. In our hadiths of Jesus, his main role is inward purification. As for the Mahdi and David: the Imams have illustrated that the Mahdi will rule as David ruled. There is some genealogical research by David Hughes and Rabbi Ben Abrahamson that suggests that Ali (as) was a descendant of the Davidic exilarchs on his mother's side. You can read about that here: http://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235019422-ahl-al-bayt-in-judeo-christian-literature/?do=findComment&comment=3048917 So in a word, we see: (1) Muhammad (s) as the Prophet like unto Moses, mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:18, and in "Community Rule" and other Dead Sea Scroll documents. He received prophethood at 40, led an exodus, brought a new Law, produced miracles, became the ruler over his people, and crowned a new Temple. (2) Ali (as) as the "Aaron" of this Second Moses, and therefore his eloquent and patient vizier, and father of his descendants. (3) The 2nd to 11th Imams as the suffering and oppressed line of Messiahs, all of whom were murdered by the rulers of their time. (4) Nafs az-Zakiyya as the righteous man who will be killed next to the new Temple (Mecca), whose killing will usher in the coming of the Mahdi. (5) The Mahdi as the Davidic Messiah, who will rule with utmost strength, illuminate the whole world with his light, elucidate the religion of God to all people, and bring justice and equity. (6) Jesus as the Righteous Priest, who will be a minister under the Mahdi. And Allah knows best!
  7. Mahdi and the Torah

    Let me share some notes I took while reading Sefer Zerubabbel and Nistorat Simon ben Yohai.
  8. Mahdi and the Torah

    These are Hebrew terms that I discussed here:
  9. Mahdi and the Torah

    Shalom, This narration can be found in Kitab al-Ghayba by Nu`mani and in `Ilal ash-Shara'i` by Shaykh as-Saduq, which are early and central Shi`a material. وفي غيبة النعماني/٢٣٧ ، عن عمرو بن شمر ، عن جابر قال : دخل رجل على أبي جعفر الباقر عليه السلام فقال له : عافاك الله إقبض مني هذه الخمسمائة درهم فإنها زكاة مالي فقال له أبو جعفر عليه السلام : خذها أنت فضعها في جيرانك من أهل الإسلام والمساكين من إخوانك المؤمنين . ثم قال : إذا قام قائم أهل البيت قسم بالسوية وعدل في الرعية فمن أطاعه فقد أطاع الله ومن عصاه فقد عصى الله . وإنما سمي المهدي مهدياً لأنه يهدي إلى أمر خفي ، ويستخرج التوراة وسائر كتب الله عز وجل من غار بأنطاكية ، ويحكم بين أهل التوراة بالتوراة وبين أهل الإنجيل بالإنجيل وبين أهل الزبور بالزبور وبين أهل القرآن بالقرآن . وتجمع إليه أموال الدنيا من بطن الأرض وظهرها فيقول للناس : تعالوا إلى ما قطعتم فيه الأرحام وسفكتم فيه الدماء الحرام ، وركبتم فيه ما حرم الله عز وجل ، فيعطي شيئاً لم يعطه أحد كان قبله ، ويملؤ الأرض عدلاً وقسطاً ونوراً ، كما ملئت ظلماً وجوراً وشراً ) . From `Amr b. Shimr from Jabir. He said: A man entered upon Abu Ja`far al-Baqir (as) and said to him: "May Allah forgive you. Take these five hundred dirham from me, for it is the zakat of my wealth." So Abu Ja`far (as) said to him: "Take it and give it to your Muslim neighbours and the poor from among your believing brethren." Then, he said: "When the Qa'im of Ahl al-Bayt rises, he will redistribute the wealth with equity and justice among the people. Whomever follows him will have followed Allah, and whomever disobeys him will have disobeyed Allah. The Mahdi was called the Mahdi because he will guide to a hidden matter. He will bring out the Torah and the other books of Allah from a cave in Antioch, and he will judge the People of the Torah by the Torah, and the People of the Gospel by the Gospel, and the People of the Psalms by the Psalms, and the People of the Quran with the Quran. The wealth of this world will come to him from beneath the Earth and atop it, and he will say to the people: 'Come to those whose blood ties you have cut, and whose blood you have shed unjustly, and have mounted in what Allah has forbidden.' He will be given something that none before him will be given. He will fill the Earth with justice, equity, and light, just as it would have been fraught with oppression, tyranny, and evil. The full chain in Nu`mani is: أخبرنا علي بن الحسين قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى، قال: حدثنا محمد بن حسان الرازي قال: حدثنا محمد بن علي الصيرفي، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن عمرو بن شمر، عن جابر Muhammad b. Hasaan ar-Razi is unknown is status. Muhammad b. `Ali as-Sayrafi is unknown in status. `Amr b. Shimr is disagreed upon (weakened by Najashi, but narrates in Tafsir al-Qummi and Kamil al-Ziyarat). Jabir b. Yazid al-Ju`fi is probably trustworthy, but also disagreed upon. The full chain in `Ilal is: - حدثنا أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن الحسن بن على الكوفي، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة عن سفيان بن عبد المؤمن الانصاري، عن عمرو ابن شمر، عن جابر قال: أقبل رجل إلى ابى جعفر Sufyan b. `Abd al-Mu'min al-Ansari is unknown. `Amr b. Shimr is disagreed upon. So we see two chains going back to `Amr b. Shimr. Neither chains are strong, but generally, Saduq recorded that which has agreeable content, and Saduq is one of our biggest scholars. The two very different chains going back to `Amr b. Shimr makes it probable that he indeed narrated this. Anyway, the content of the narration has a lot of common tropes found in more authentic traditions. The justice and equity of the Mahdi is his most common attribute. The Imams also have said on many occasions that they have the Ark of the Covenant, all of the books of the prophets, as well as the ring of Solomon, staff of Moses, sword of Muhammad and Ali, etc. The cave in Antioch seems to be a detail that is unique to this report. But this idea of "judging by people of the Torah by the Torah" is common in our tradition. Some may find it problematic, because the Quran abrogated the previous legal systems. The Prophet (s) judged the Jews by the Torah in Medina, but eventually it appears that his law became the standard, as his message became more complete. But there are other ways to reconcile it. Perhaps the Mahdi will simply prove Islamic rulings through his authentic copy of the previous scriptures. There are many narrations that indicate that the Mahdi won't even use the shari`a system that we have been taught. Rather, he will judge by whatever the Holy Spirit inspires him, and he will not require any witnesses or evidences. Here are some reliable traditions on that: : يا أبا عبيدة إذا قام قائم آل محمد عليه السلام حكم بحكم داود وسليمان لا يسأل بينة. When the Qa’im of the Family of Muhammad عليه السلام rises, he will judge by the judgment of Dawud and Sulayman, and will not ask for evidence. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, Book 4, When the Rule of the Imams Becomes Foremost They Will Judge By the Judgment of the Family of Dawud, hadith #1) وبهذا الاسناد، عن أبان بن تغلب قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: إذا قام القائم عليه السلام لم يقم بين يديه أحد من خلق الرحمن إلا عرفه صالح هو أم طالح؟ لان فيه آية للمتوسمين وهي بسبيل مقيم. When the Qa’im عليه السلام rises, not one of the Merciful’s creatures will be in front of him except that he will recognize whether he is righteous or wicked. In this there is a sign for the anticipative, and it is of an upright path. (Kamal ad-Deen, Volume 2, Miscellaneous, hadith #11) فيبعث الله تبارك وتعالى ريحا فتنادي بكل واد؟ هذا المهدي، يقضي بقضاء داود وسليمان عليهما السلام، [و] لا يريد عليه بينة. Allah تبارك وتعالى will send a breeze that shall call out in every valley, “This is the Mahdi who will judge by the judgment of Dawud and Sulayman عليهما السلام, and he will not ask for evidence”. (Kamal ad-Deen, Volume 2, Miscellaneous, hadith #19) --- Some have argued that these narrations do not say that the Mahdi will rule by the laws of David and Solomon, but rather he will rule in their style. Notably, he will not need a trial, but he will enact judgment in an infallible way. The 12th Imam is a descendant of Muhammadan, Jewish, and Sassanid heritage, and our tradition has compared his occultation to that of Joseph, and his rule to be like that of David; and so he corresponds with both Moshiache ben Yusef and Moshiache ben David expectations.
  10. What IF

    The Quran commands you to obey the Prophet Muhammad (s) and the Ulil Amr (as). Both the Quran and the hadiths survived orally. The Quran contains commands to pray, fast, give zakat, and perform Hajj, but the hadiths give the details on how this is performed. Rejection of hadiths altogether is disbelief, rather the balanced approach is to accept the hadiths that agree with the Quran and reject those that contradict it.
  11. What's your Personality Type?

    I am an ENTJ "Commander" according to the Jungian personality test. According to the Big 5, I am: Highly Open to Experience, Moderately Conscientious, Highly Extraverted, Low in Agreeableness, and Moderate in Neuroticism. According to the BBC Brain Sex ID thing, I am exactly between male and female. My IQ is 135. I am a Taurus. PS: I also identify as an Apache Helicopter.
  12. Allah is greater than what?

    This is a long discussion in metaphysics, so I will cut to the chase: I do not believe in Wahdatul Wujud. If you accept the frameworks of Ibn Arabi and Mulla Sadra, then yes, everything in the universe is a manifestation of Allah's divine attributes. But according to most of our non-`irfani non-Sufi theologians, and according to the Shaykhi framework, the 99 names of Allah are simply created indicators to Allah's unified essence. Meaning, I do not believe that the 99 names are distinct parts of God that are manifested in the creation. Rather, I believe that Allah is separate from the creation and beyond all understanding. The face of Allah, according to many hadiths, is the created representation (ayat) of Allah, including the natural signs, but most notably, the Prophet (s), the Ahl al-Bayt (as), and the righteous people. It is described as that by which Allah is recognized, or that by which Allah is come to, and is not to be understood as a physical attribute or appendage of Him. So going back to the hadith: to say that Allah is greater than every thing is just comparing Him to the known universe and saying that He is superior to it. But this comparison itself is a limitation, and so the Imam said that the deeper meaning of Allahu Akbar is that Allah is greater than all description and all imagination. And Allah knows best.
  13. Allah is greater than what?

    حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل، قال: حدثني محمد بن بحيى العطار، عن سهل بن زياد، عن ابن محبوب، عمن ذكره، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: قال رجل عنده: " الله أكبر " فقال: الله أكبر من أي شئ؟ فقال: من كل شئ. فقال أبوعبدالله عليه السلام: حددته! فقال الرجل: وكيف أقول؟ فقال: الله أكبر من أن يوصف A man was with Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq [a] when someone said "Allahu akbar" (God is greater). The man said, "Allah is greater than which thing?" The person said: "Everything". Imam as-Sadiq [a] said: "You have limited Him." So the man said: "How then should I say?" So he [a] said: "Allah is greater than that He be described." (Kitab al-Tawhid)|
  14. Cat Saliva

    If I'm not mistaken, this issue is cat hair for some scholars and not cat saliva.
  15. Thank you for your post @Yaaqov Ben Yisrael. It is our belief that Jesus (as) is the Levite Messiah, and that our Mahdi (as) is the Davidic Messiah. Check this post out:
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