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Qa'im

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Qa'im last won the day on September 22 2017

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About Qa'im

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    The Hadith Guy.

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    Islam

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  1. KFCs in UK closed

    KFC was my favourite fast food place before I converted. I heard that it has since gone quite downhill.
  2. I'm not sure. "There's no reference in our books to it, no recommendation to visit there, and no evidence even Shi`as for centuries had any idea there was a place there for them to visit. The first reference to it in fact is from a very late medieval Sunni author who mentions local Shi`a women in the area would visit the place thinking it was where she was buried, but that they were wrong in thinking so. Keep in mind the other places she is said to also be buried in (like Cairo), and it raises more doubt about this claim." She may be in Damascus, or Cairo, or even Medina. Allah knows best.
  3. Our belief is that the head was returned to Karbala with Imam Zayn al-Abideen (as) and buried with his body there. Still, there is nothing wrong with visiting a place where the Imam is remembered. While you're in Cairo though, it is also worth visiting the Sayyida Zaynab mosque there, which is one of the possible sites where the sister of Husayn (as) was buried. Allah knows best.
  4. Shaykh as-Saduq mentions in his I`tiqadat two types of revelation. The totality of the Quran was revealed to the Prophet's heart on the Night of Power, which allowed him to actualize the whole revelation in his words and action from the beginning. So he never committed any act that would be forbidden later in the 23 years. However, the Prophet had not consciously "accessed" those verses. Meaning, he was not reciting all of the words to the Quran, but rather he had digested its meaning and was acting upon it. Think of it like a WinZIP or Winrar file that is sent to you, but you had not opened it and looked through its contents. Your computer has all of the contents of that Winzip file, but it is still zipped up, compressed, and not yet accessed. The second type of revelation that occurred on the Night of Power: the Quran was sent down altogether to Bayt al-Ma`mur, and then over the 23-year span, the words to the verses were given to the Prophet piecemeal. Surat al-Qadr says "anzalnahu", which is a full descending, rather than "tannazzalu", which is a gradual descending.
  5. who is your favorite recitor?

  6. Sahaba

    "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah ; and those with him are forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure. Their mark is on their faces from the trace of prostration. That is their description in the Torah. And their description in the Gospel is as a plant which produces its offshoots and strengthens them so they grow firm and stand upon their stalks, delighting the sowers - so that Allah may enrage by them the disbelievers. Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them forgiveness and a great reward." (48:29)
  7. It is true that in America, according to Pew, 23% of people raised Muslims leave Islam. This does not include the people who identify as Muslim but do not practice, or practice very nominally. There are a few factors that need to be considered though. These numbers do not take conversion into account, which a recent study suggests that converts actually replace apostates in number. Another factor: a lot of Muslim immigrants to the West are not all that religious, and come for economic or educational reasons. So it's no surprise that someone of nominal Muslim background leaves the religion. Parents remain the biggest influence in the lives of their children, and so if you create a religious atmosphere at home, it is very likely that your children will remain on that religion. Apostasy may also be higher in certain diasporas than others, and it may be higher in certain parts of America than others. It would be interesting if there were any demographic details here. Keep in mind that there are many Muslim cultures where Islam is nominally practiced - Bosnia, Albania, Kosovo, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Indonesia, etc. You'll still find some practicing Muslims in those countries, but they are no where near the majority. There are many other countries where the level of religiosity differs greatly from family to family. Still, no doubt that apostasy is far more common in the West than in the Middle East (for example). So extra precautions need to be taken. Most importantly, make sure that you and your partner are living by Islam day-to-day. Then, make sure that the kids are well-immersed in the community and have a lot of Muslim friends and connections. Then, there are things like Islamic schools (which are slowly improving), religious classes, camps, clubs, conventions, etc. Make sure the religion is fun for them, that their questions or doubts are answered intelligently, that they can get married at a good time, and that they make gradual improvements in their religious development. So I don't think the istiHbab of marriage changes in our situation. It was no easier being a Muslim in Medina in the Prophet's midst either. But it's true that if you let them go or hold them far too tightly here in the West that there is a danger. So just do what you can (truly) and Allah will reward you for that.
  8. Aql and Qiyas

    Usuli scholars mostly accept qiyas mansus al-`illa, and argue that it is different than the qiyas mentioned in hadiths. Qiyas Mansus al-`Illa is when the reason for a fiqh ruling is known and established by the ma`sumeen, and so we use that reasoning to make analogies to other issues that do not have a hadith but share the same reasoning. For example, our hadiths say that chess was haram because it was a gambling game, and so we can take that reasoning and apply it to gambling games that are not mentioned in the hadith literature. However, qiyas when reasoning is not specified directly in the Quran or Sunna is prohibited and invalid.
  9. #metoo

    How many of the Hollywood harassment cases could've been avoided if people heeded the prophetic advice, "When a man is alone with a woman, shaytan is the third"? I think even feminists are now waking up to the reality that some level of segregation and chaperones is healthy. Now they just need to take aim at hookup culture.
  10. I personally think the Fard - Muhammad Abdullah connection is highly unlikely. The ex-wife of Muhammad Ali is the only person who claimed that Elijah Muhammad said that Master Fard Muhammad = Muhammad Abdullah. Warith Deen made this same connection in the 90s, but he did not claim to have any information to prove this, this was just his hunch. It's possible that the woman just misheard Elijah Muhammad, or that Elijah Muhammad misspoke (he had a speech impediment). I don't see why Elijah would tell her this exclusively and no one else. Furthermore, Muhammad Abdullah himself denied that he was Fard, and there's no evidence that he was in America in the 1930s. Muhammad Abdullah comes off as really just your average Pakistani uncle, and his rhetoric is no where near as cryptic as Fard's (who used mostly numerology, pseudo-science, and myth in his Supreme Wisdom). I think Warith Deen's hunch was really just based on the fact that Muhammad Abdullah was an eastern friend of his father's who was around the right age to be Master Fard Muhammad. The claim also fit his narrative that Master Fard Muhammad and Elijah Muhammad were slowly bringing the NOI into traditional Islam; a claim that I don't think can be substantiated much. Sorry for nerding out.
  11. Page 23-24, Elijah Muhammad says: "He did not teach us that he was a prophet. We used to call him prophet. I made the followers [call] him prophet because I do not know exactly what great name to give him. No one called him prophet before me. First I thought that we should call him Master; later I thought that we should call him prophet, and later I told them that he [was] neither of either one; I said that we should call him the "Almighty God" himself in person because, according to what he has taught us, that must be the work of God and not of a human being. Then I took it with him, but, although he did not tell me exactly, but he did mention that I will find out who he was. He was referring to himself as the one coming to saveus and that he was the Messiah that we were looking for. He came once to Chicago and delivered a speech in which he said, " I am God Himself," and I looked at him and he looked at me when he said so. And it came to me when I looked at him that I was believing that all the time. He did not say that "I am prophet," but he said, that" I am the one who comes in the last day." He did not say, "l or Allah will do this or that," but I noticed him carefully saying, "We do this or that." So I gain knowledge from those words that he made himself.
  12. Freedom!

    My post is focused mainly on how Western socio-political discourse occurs between two poles: (1) Freedom, and (2) Harm. This is the result of a long, crystallizing history. Islam may have areas of overlap with utilitarians and classical liberals, but overall the Islamic thesis puts God above everything else. Regarding your point about jahiliyya: I can easily say that jahiliyya gave many freedoms to women that Islam removed. Jahiliyya had no penalties for fornicators, it had rights for prostitutes, it allowed women to marry a second husband to conceive a high-status son, it had female prophetesses, and it had female goddesses. Islam restricted all of this. Yes, Islam did give many additional rights to women, but my point is that Islam is not all about freedom and liberation. It is about accountability, responsibility, and duty. It freed some aspects of our lives, but it restricted others. Anyone who reads Islamic literature with feminist glasses will be surely disappointed. As for your point that men in eastern culture "don't lift a finger when they are at home", that sounds like a gross generalization of billions of people and hundreds of cultures. Even if I were to concede that eastern men generally cook and clean less than their wives, they work longer hours, and a lot of the handiwork, lawn-mowing, technology fixing is done by men. Either way, it's not a competition. One shouldn't have a men vs women mindset, or even a victimized mindset. Men too are victims; they are the ones most effected by violence, suicide, work injuries, drugs, prisons, gangs, and dropping out of school... a victim mentality however would not solve these problems. Islam = Submission in Arabic, it's not submission to men, it's submission to Allah. Submission in some cases will be the opposite of freedom, but I would argue that sincere submission to Allah frees you from your fears and your desires, and leads to a good and contented life. I never said women should be slaves to men, or that womanhood is a disadvantage, or being dark-skinned (?) is bad. Men and women are simply different and have different rights and responsibilities in Islam. Islam is a sexually dimorphic religion. Women don't pay mahr, they don't pray/fast during their time of the month, they are not conscripted in wartime, they don't need to work, they don't need to divide their wealth, etc. By the same token, women have some unique laws and responsibilities. Total freedom and equality means removing every gendered law, including the ones that restrict men and free women, and vice versa. This is antithetical to our revelation. Please don't call me dishonest or a male chauvinist just because of one respectful criticism of modern feminism. That type of spiteful namecalling won't get you much sympathy from a neutral reader. State your arguments respectfully.
  13. Freedom!

    Freedom! Western fixation on freedom has a long, crystallizing history. In 1215, the Magna Carta was signed in England, which ended the unilateral authority of the King. The King was imposing heavy taxes on the barons, who were wealthy aristocratic men, to fight a failed war. The barons rebelled against the King, and demanded that a committee of barons be established. The King would need to consult this committee before introducing new taxes. Certain legal rights were also introduced to the barons. This was the first big step towards freedom. Fast forward to the 1500s; a new continent was "discovered" (i.e. Europeans found out about it). A major motivation for men to risk the high seas and migrate to an entirely New World was to avoid taxation and government overreach. They were able to seize vast, fertile properties without much nuisance. Freedom. Around the same time, the Protestant Reformation was taking place, and most North-Western Europeans were using it as an opportunity to break away from church tithes and indulgences. Freedom. Fast forward to the 1700s. The American Colonies rebel against the British because of "taxation without representation." Freedom. Then in the 1800s. The Confederates rebel against the Union to prevent the North from intervening in their textile industry. The Union abolishes slavery. Freedom. Here, we see a crystallization of yeomanry in White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) culture, which peaks in the American South. They have a strong distrust in government, public programs, and taxation. There is a strong "what's mine is mine" culture, where clichés like "the only things you can't avoid is death and taxes" thrive. "Conservative" to them mostly means "smaller government, lower taxes". In short, they believe that the freer they are, the happier they will be. Debates in American politics, from abortion to gay marriage to taxes, are all based on conceptions of freedom. It is also the theme of so many Hollywood films. Feminism is rooted in the same freedom-seeking individualist liberalist mindset. Whatever gets in the way of women's liberation - even if it is God Himself - must be cast aside. Freedom in Islamic literature would be "huriyya", which is really just a legal technicality - you are either a slave, or you are "free". Otherwise, our books do not take much stock in the concept. We do have treatises on "huquq", which is often translated as "rights", but a more accurate translation is "responsibilities towards". For example, the haq of a woman is the responsibilities of an Islamic society towards that woman. It is an onus. Responsibility and duty often fly in direct contradiction to freedom. Yes, we have free will, but Islam legislates things that we *should* and *ought* to do, and there are consequences to not fulfilling those responsibilities. Does freedom lead to happiness? It is actually our responsibilities that often make us happy. There is no growth in a care-free life with no schedule, no family, no commitments, and no work. These things tie us down, but they also build us up, fulfill us, and make us better people. No pain, no gain. Likewise, despite the fact that women's rights have increased over the past few decades, women's happiness has decreased according to many studies. Individualism teaches us that self-sufficiency is the key to happiness, when in actuality, success is sometimes found in submission. Islam literally means Submission, because it is the recognition that we are all imperfect servants. We do not choose which family we are born into, nor our race, nor our health, nor our age, nor our genes, and often, not even our social conditions. None of us are truly free, and the most free of us is not necessarily the happiest. Rather, true, heartfelt contentment is in knowing God. We are born to look for Perfection; we seek it in our looks, our grades, our power, our status, our spouse, our children; but we all - sooner or later - realize that Perfection lies only in Him alone. Trust in Him gives you that true contentment, the ability to let go of the wheel, fear nothing but Him and accept all that He allots for you. Contentment. If you are a believer, then your worldview should reflect your belief. We cannot import a cultural ideology that convolutes our belief. In many respects, jahiliyya represented what many of us today consider to be "freedom". But the Prophet Muhammad (s) came with accountability, and that turned the entire world around.
  14. Individualism

    Hobbes and John Stuart Mill cane long, long before Ayn Rand or even Marx.
  15. Individualism

    If Islam is measured with liberal democratic criteria, it will not be fully consistent. Western colonial powers reached a point of hegemony in the 19th and 20th centuries. Through hard power (direct intervention) and soft power (media influence), they imposed their standard of morality onto the rest of the world. This moral framework is not Christianity, it is Western Individualism. Secularism, humanism, and feminism are all just logical conclusions of Individualism. They are branches from the same tree. But to what extent can we say that Individualism is the objective truth? Did the original philosophers of this ideology even intend for it to be the objective truth? Go through Hobbes or John Stuart Mill, they don't claim that Individualism is an objective universal truth, but rather that they are experiments of freedom that are most practical. So measuring Islam by this would be like measuring an object with a stretchy ruler - you'll never get a precise measurement. Just a few years ago, gay marriage was illegal in America, and now there is all this noise about homophobia and transphobia. Just a few years ago, marijuana was taboo, but it is now gradually being legalized. Some bite-the-bullet secularists are even questioning whether incest should be illegal, because certain forms of incest are not "directly harmful". Of course Islam will not be compatible with a measurement that is constantly fluid, changing, and in flux. Liberalism does not even attempt to falsify itself, rather it is focused on falsifying others. It salvages aspects of Greco-Roman civilization and Christianity that is consistent with individualism, and it discards everything else. The liberal thesis prioritizes the human being above everything else. The Islamic thesis prioritizes Allah. So what is the root of this tree of Individualism? Funny enough, it actually may be the Christian concept of Imago Dei - that man was created in the image of God. It is this idea that makes the individual the centre of the universe, whose will is sanctified above everything else. Hence, you have the concept of human rights, which itself is a contradiction, because rights are bestowed onto people by a higher power, not arrogated by the same people onto themselves. Humanism itself is a quasi worship of the human being, because everything including God Himself is cast aside in the name of human rights, liberty, democracy, and freedom. This is why I always say that secular humanism actually grew out of the carcass of Western Christianity. It uses Christian concepts of the soul and the divinity of personhood to build an entirely new moral framework that discards its root. It is a paradox. The identity of man in Islam is that he is a created servant. This is the same identity as all biotic and abiotic elements around us. We are a part of the ayah that is the great ayah of the creation. All is fleeting and all will perish but the face of Allah (28:88), which is simultaneously everywhere that we turn (2:115). He is recognized everywhere and behind everything, for He is the Apparent (al-Thahir) and the Hidden (al-Batin). The cosmological Creator, the everlasting Sustainer, and the ontological Perfection that we are all after. The individual is powerless on his own, and is only empowered by the Powerful. أعوذ بالله من كلمة أنا I seek refuge in Allah from the word "me".
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