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Everything posted by SoRoUsH

  1. Salam, The main problem with this video is that it presents a false dichotomy. It reflects the intellectal laziness of people. People tend to divide everything to black and white and not care for the vast gray area. In this video, one group/side was labelled evil, while the other group was labelled as righteous. However, these aren't the only two options available. Perhaps both group are deviants. Or perhaps each group is correct on some issues and incorrect on some other issues. At the end of the day, it is up to each individual to study the ahadith of Ahlul Bayt (as), distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable ahadith, then determine what Ahlul Bayt (as) have taught us. As much I liked this video for the information that it provided, I disliked it for simplifying the issue and paiting a false dischotomy. It only perpetuates the intellectual laziness of the Umma.
  2. Nawroz  

    I'm specifically pointing to ahadith about Nowruz and how none of them are authentic or acceptable.
  3. Nawroz  

    I have a problem with confusing cultural traditions with religious traditions. Nowruz is an Iranian cultural tradition. It has nothing to do with Islam. There are zero ahadith from Ahlul Bayt (as) about it. There are, however, some ahadith fabricated in order to elevate the Iranian culture for a variety of reasons. We should be very clear and careful about distinguishing culture from religion. That being said, happy new year to you and your loved ones.
  4. Nawroz  

    Ok. And? I couldn't care less about what Wahhabis (or even general Sunnis) think, when it comes to the ahadith of Ahlul Bayt (as). Just because they may disagree with some or many ahadith, it doesn't mean that we need to do the opposite and carelessly accept unacceptable ahadith. In this case, as far as I know, there are zero authentic or acceptable ahadith regarding Nowruz.
  5. Nawroz  

    Salam, None of the ahadith on Nowruz are authentic or acceptable.
  6. what do you think?

    Salam, I've read, in authentic hadiths, anyone who predicts a time for the arrival of Imam Mahdi (as) is a liar.
  7. Allah is what you think of Him

    Thank you! To be honest, and I've said this before, I am not interested in the opinions of scholars or thinkers, if they're not based on traditions of Ahlul Bayt (as). And if they are, then I am more interested to see those employed traditions than whatever has been inferred from them.
  8. Salam, Here's an authentic hadith: مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع قَالَ أَحْسِنِ الظَّنَّ بِاللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ أَنَا عِنْدَ ظَنِّ عَبْدِي بِي إِنْ خَيْراً فَخَيْراً وَ إِنْ شَرّاً فَشَرّاً Imam Ridha (as) said: "Have a good opinion of Allah, for Allah, Mighty and Exalted, has said, "I am according to my servant's opinion of Me - if good, then good, and if bad, then bad." Source: Al-kafi, V. 2, P. 58, No. 3 Question: Is there no objective reality to Allah? Here's another authentic hadith that complements the aforementioned one. وَ عَنْهُمْ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ وَجَدْنَا فِي كِتَابِ عَلِيٍّ ع أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص قَالَ عَلَى مِنْبَرِهِ وَ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَا أُعْطِيَ مُؤْمِنٌ قَطُّ خَيْرَ الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ إِلَّا بِحُسْنِ ظَنِّهِ بِاللَّهِ وَ رَجَائِهِ لَهُ وَ حُسْنِ خُلُقِهِ وَ الْكَفِّ عَنِ اغْتِيَابِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ لَا يُعَذِّبُ اللَّهُ مُؤْمِناً بَعْدَ التَّوْبَةِ وَ الِاسْتِغْفَارِ إِلَّا بِسُوءٍ ظَنِّهِ بِاللَّهِ وَ تَقْصِيرٍ مِنْ رَجَائِهِ لَهُ وَ سُوءِ خُلُقِهِ وَ اغْتِيَابِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ لَا يَحْسُنُ ظَنُّ عَبْدٍ مُؤْمِنٍ بِاللَّهِ إِلَّا كَانَ اللَّهُ عِنْدَ ظَنِّ عَبْدِهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ كَرِيمٌ بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ يَسْتَحْيِي أَنْ يَكُونَ عَبْدُهُ الْمُؤْمِنُ قَدْ أَحْسَنَ بِهِ الظَّنَّ ثُمَّ يُخْلِفَ ظَنَّهُ وَ رَجَاءَهُ فَأَحْسِنُوا بِاللَّهِ الظَّنَّ وَ ارْغَبُوا إِلَيْهِ ... Part of a sermon by the Prophet (pbuh) .... "... And by the one god than whom there is no other, Allah is according to the good opinion of a believer, for Allah, Who is so kind and in Whose Hand is only good, cannot bring Himself to disprove the good opinion and high hopes that the believer has in Him. So have good opinion of Allah and place your desires in Him."
  9. Allah is what you think of Him

    Salam, God informs us that He is what we think of Him. If our opinion of Him is good, then He's good. If our opinion of Him is bad, then He's bad. In other words, whether He's good or bad depends on our opinion of Him. Is God objectively good or bad?
  10. Allah is what you think of Him

    Salam, I appreciate your post. However, I'm not certain how much of it is acceptable and Islamic. You speak of Islamic cosmology. Where did you learn about it? Through the statements of Ahlulbayt (as)? Because that's all I care about. So, I'd appreciate it, if you could justify and support your statements by presenting authentic or acceptable traditions from Ahlul Bayt (as). If you don't, then, I can't take them as Islamic, since I can't be certain of their origins.
  11. Allah is what you think of Him

    Salam, I am not denying the significance or usefulness of metaphors in language. I am pointing to the fact that there are times when it's not clear whether something should be interpreted metaphorically or literally. If one chooses the former, simply because it's easier and encounters fewer hurdles, then that's intellectual laziness. In my opinion, when it comes to religious texts, we do need a firm guideline other than our own limited reasoning ability. Our reasoning is limited to our current state of knowledge and this knowledge is always limited, especially once we get into the realm of the unseen. We use metaphors to understand what seems incomprehensible if taken literally. However, by doing so, we slice up or box reality into small segments, which can fit in our minds. Understanding these self-made concepts and ideas doesn't entail understanding reality as it really is. In other words, when we use metaphors we construct a story that we can understand, not reality as it really is. So, we should be cautious with using metaphors, because we could misgiude ourselves by following our own subjective models of reality. And the stakes are much higher in religious cases.
  12. Allah is what you think of Him

    Salam, Cherry-picking is when we don't know whether something ought to be interpreted literally or metaphorically, but choose to interpret it metaphorically because it's easier that way. There are numerous cases in which we know the given text cannot be taken literally because we have solid indubitable textual evidence against it. For example, God doesn't have physical hands. We know this, because elsewhere it's been made clear to us. It's also been made clear to us that God's hands imply His power. We have sufficient reason to know that "God's hands" must always be interpreted metaphorically. Do intellectuals know in this case the details of events in the hereafter? Or how God will behave or make decisions during the Judgment Day? This is a good example. Marriage may, indeed, be literally half the religion, because it involves numerous rites and responsibilities. Is there were 100 religious deeds, may be 50 of them involves rights and responsibilities within marriage?! Has anyone done this calculation? I highly doubt it, because we're intellectually lazy and this would be gigantic task, with little foreseeable useful outcome. And whatever other "halves" are, they don't need to be mutually exclusive of each other. Rights and responsibilities of each "half" can overlap. Why?! This is a pure conjecture! Do you have any solid textual from the Ahlul bayt (as) that would support this proposition?
  13. Allah is what you think of Him

    I'm not a fan of cherry-picking when to interpret a hadith or verse as metaphorical and when to do it as literal. This hadith may have very well been meant to be interpreted literally, and the parts that we don't understand, we should work and try harder to understand. Claiming something that is diffficult to understand literally to bemetaphorical is intellectual laziness.
  14. Allah is what you think of Him

    The following authentic hadith is on the same topic, however, its content raise a few important questions: َ فِي ثَوَابِ الْأَعْمَالِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ إِنَّ آخِرَ عَبْدٍ يُؤْمَرُ بِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَيَلْتَفِتُ فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ أَعْجِلُوهُ فَإِذَا أُتِيَ بِهِ قَالَ لَهُ عَبْدِي لِمَ الْتَفَتَّ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ مَا كَانَ ظَنِّي بِكَ هَذَا فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ عَبْدِي مَا كَانَ ظَنُّكَ بِي فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ كَانَ ظَنِّي بِكَ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي خَطِيئَتِي وَ تُدْخِلَنِي جَنَّتَكَ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ مَلَائِكَتِي وَ عِزَّتِي وَ جَلَالِي وَ آلَائِي وَ ارْتِفَاعِ مَكَانِي مَا ظَنَّ بِي هَذَا سَاعَةً مِنْ حَيَاتِهِ خَيْراً قَطُّ وَ لَوْ ظَنَّ بِي سَاعَةً مِنْ حَيَاتِهِ خَيْراً مَا رَوَّعْتُهُ بِالنَّارِ أَجِيزُوا لَهُ كَذِبَهُ وَ أَدْخِلُوهُ الْجَنَّةَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع مَا ظَنَّ عَبْدٌ بِاللَّهِ خَيْراً إِلَّا كَانَ لَهُ عِنْدَ ظَنِّهِ وَ مَا ظَنَّ بِهِ سُوءاً إِلَّا كَانَ اللَّهُ عِنْدَ ظَنِّهِ بِهِ وَ ذَلِكَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ ذلِكُمْ ظَنُّكُمُ الَّذِي ظَنَنْتُمْ بِرَبِّكُمْ أَرْداكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُمْ مِنَ الْخاسِرِينَ It seems that Allah was, firstly, throwing a servant in fire/hell. Allah would only do so, if the servant's deeds justifies his place in hell. However, the servant claims that he had a good opinion of Allah. Allah refutes that statement as a lie. So, this servant did not have a good opinion of Allah. Yet, and this is strange, because he uettered that he had a good opinion of Allah, at that moment, Allah chose to allow him in paradise. Questions: Where's the justice of Allah in this case? (Yes. I do know that His mercy precedes His justice.) Can our deeds/utterances in the hereafter change determine our abode, in hell or paradise? (In this world, the aforementioned servant, didn't have a good opinion of Allah, even for an hour.)
  15. Aql and Qiyas

    Salam, A couple of points: 1) It's not clear what "Aql" really is. It's not a simple thinking or reasoning. 2) Analogical arguments are like the following: i) A is like B ii) B does/has X ----------------------- Therefore, A has X. Both premises in this argument can be questioned. For example, are we certain that A is like B? How closely are they related? Are they similar or identical? Based on our eternally limited knowledge (relative to God's knowledge or reality as it really is), we can never be certain whether A is truly like B. The second premise is questionable, too. For example, are we certain that B does/has X? Do we all we need to know about B and X, and A for that matter? What if we only think B does/has X due to our limited knowledge? Due the presence of strong conjectures in analogical arguments, when it comes to religious matter, it is crucial not to employ them, since we may be very wrong, regardless of how certain we may feel at any given time. 3) Even with regards to alcohol and its effects, we do not use analogy. The reason that people forbid all intoxicants is because there's an acceptable hadith that links the prohibition of alcohol to its effect, and direcly states anything with similar effects if forbidden. However, one, rarely discussed, issue is that not all intoxicants produce similar effects as alcohol produces. For example, psychdelic drugs, such as DMT, or other drugs such as MDMA, do not in any way produce an effect near that of alcohol.
  16. al-Hamd. (First Surah) There's an authentic hadith that states, we shouldn't be surprised if reciting al-Hamd 70 times brings a dead person back to lfe.
  17. سلام, The conventional belief is that Jesus (as) was not crucified, and instead, a man was made to look like him, who was taken by the Romans. Do we know anything at all about this person? Was he a disciple? Was he a believer in Jesus? Thank you! (As always, I appreciate authentic/acceptable traditions from our Ahlul Bayt (as). )
  18. سلام brother, Thank you for finding and posting this hadith. It seems to me that the sanad isn't acceptable. So, we don't need to believe that it is indeed something that our Imam (as) has said. However, we can still discuss its content. 1) With regard to the translation, it's my opinion, that the word روح should not be translated as "Soul." Multiple translators have done so, and I believe it's a significant mistake, which amplifies the confusion regarding the topics of souls, nafs, and spirits. "Souls" and "spirits/روح" are definitely two different things. 2) A very serious issue that we need to investigate is, why is it that the story of Isa (as), in Islam, is labeled as the only obscured story? It's worrisome when this story is surrounded by conjectures and obscurity in the Bible, too. A Christian or a non-muslim may understand this as a result of a human copying a story from available books/texts of his time. The story in the original source was obscured and confusing, and consequently, the copy version is also confusing and obscued. 3) Where is the sky/السماء? The content implies that being raised from earth doesn't automatically entail that one is now in the sky/السماء. 4) Jesus's spirit/روح was separated in this intermediary space (between the earth and the sky), then Jesus was raised to the sky, without his spirit. Is this when/where Jesus "dies?" Was his spiritless physical body raised or his soul/nafs? (Whatever soul/nafs may imply here.) 5) After he was raised, spiritless, to the sky/السماء, his spirit was returned to him, either to his physical body or soul/nafs. It is important to note that السماء is a spatial location. We should not think of it as paradise or the place in the hereafter. So, all of these aforementioned events have happened in our current world. 6) To state that God raised Isa (as) to السماء, a physical location, to Himself/God (as 3:55 states), is problematic. God is not located in السماء. So, how must we understand this? 7) Isa (as), body and spirit, may be currently residing in السماء. According to an acceptable hadith he's in the fourth sky/heaven. So, in the fourth sky, whatever this may mean, there's a location, where humans can survive as they can survive here. Is this a place that in theory we can reach using our future advanced sciences? 8) Coincidentally, I've also read that it's in the fourth sky that some angels constantly circle Al-bayt ul-ma'mur. Do angelic bodies resemble human bodies in some ways? Or has Isa's body transformed into an angelic form? Or as on earth, angelic forms and physical forms can function side by side each other? Some of the aforementioned points may persuade us to dismiss this hadith as fabricated. However, if one insists that it's authentic, then these questions must be answered.
  19. Salam and thank you brother. Reading this article made me make a few distinctions in my mind. Clearly, in Arabic, different words for "killing" and "dying" have been used. According to the article, and the verses that was used in it, it can be inferred that Jesus's enemies didn't kill him but Jesus's soul was separated from his body at some point in time. Now, this brings forward the next distinction, the difference between dying and having one's soul separated from one's body. "Mawt" and "Tawaffa" are clearly two different Arabic terms. So, Jesus's soul may have separated from his body, without Jesus dying in the ordinary sense. This would make Jesus's "death" just as miraculous as his birth. I do not know and cannot understand how a soul can leave the body without a person dying. The closest example that I can think of is sleeping. When we sleep it's said that our "nafs" leaves the body. It's important to point that in Islam there's no word that denotes "Soul," there's only "nafs" that some translators have translated as "soul." So, when we sleep, our "nafs" leaves our body. If it's not our turn to die, it returns. Another relevant example is that of The People of the Cave, who slept for a few centuries. For a few centuries their "nafs" was outside of their bodies. As bizarre and unconventional as this may seem, could it be that Jesus's body is being preserved in a spatial location, whereas his soul/nafs is raised to the fourth heaven? And when it's his time to return, his soul/nafs will return to that preserved body?
  20. @Qa'im I absolutely see the weakness of the crucifixion story, if I apply the standards of ilm ul-rijal to it. However, my point was, others don't have such standards and don't have any reason to want or rely on such standards. The crucifixion story is accepted by all, except Muslims. So, only a Muslim would have a reason to question the very essence of the events. Others do not have that reason. They have "sufficient" textual evidence to accept it. They have no reason or need to scrutinize it. We do, because our Qur'an supplies a different story. This is why I said questioning it comes from faith, it comes from Islam, our faith. Without Islam, without Qur'an, the story has "sufficient" evidence, according to most historians, to be accepted in essence. Thank you for providing those two hadiths. I wish they were acceptable (Sahih, hasan, or mawthaq).
  21. @Qa'im Firstly, I love your posts, and your writing style; very clear, organized, and coherent. We're mostly on the same page regarding this matter. I have studied books regarding Jesus's family, and I've come to focus on James the Just. I'm pleased to know that you've reached a similar point in studying the story of Jesus. You stated our Ahlul Bayt (as) have condemned Paul. May I see acceptable traditions on this? I've searched in the past to see if they had said anything regarding James, but I couldn't find anything. One persisting concern is that God made it seem to, at least, some people, those in power and capable of spreading propaganda, that Jesus was crucified. Those people evil as they may have been, sincerely, believed they crucified and killed Jesus. They, in turn, spread the information regarding what seemed to happen to Jesus. They didn't doubt, since God made it seem that way to them. Consequently, most historians, secular or not, accept the crucifixion of Jesus. Yes, there are inconsistencies in the story, but the essence of the story that Jesus was crucified and died is accepted by most, if not all historians. We have strong critics of the Bible such as Bart Ehrman, who deny and question almost everything in the Bible, except the fact that Jesus was crucified and died. I have read many books on Christianity and not one of them rejected this historical event. So, we can agree that they were and are misled, but we should understand that it's merely impossible to question the fact of this event, not the details, from a non-islamic perspective. A non-muslim historian or researcher, who doesn't rely on Islamic texts for his/her research (and why would he/she?) would have no reason to question the occurring of Jesus's crucifixion and death. So, when we agree that "God made it seem that way," how can we expect to effectively argue against it without bringing the Islamic alternative story? In other words, we start from a position of faith (or dogma in this case), trying to convince others that all historical books and non-muslims have got it wrong, because it says so in the Qur'an. Do you see the challenge?
  22. Actually not at all. Jesus being God, is a Christian, theological position. Historians do not and cannot make such claim. However, whether a man, named Jesus, was crucified or not is a historical matter. And most, almost all, historians agree that Jesus was crucified and died.
  23. @Arminmo Without posting the sanad for this hadith, I can't check its authenticity. Just because it's found in Majlisi's book, it doesn't mean it's an acceptable hadith.
  24. To be fair, it's almost a consensus, among historians, Christian and non-Christians (Except Muslims) that Jesus was crucified.