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  1. #1 Imam Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (as)

    Dislike in yourself what you dislike in others. Imam Ali (as)
  2. What Are You?

    SalamNo Prophets of Allaf (swt) commited sins. Sins are the result of weak spirit, corrupt mind and polluted nafs. Prophet Adam commited "Tarke Aula" means to do someting which is against your dignity and self respect, it doe'snt come in the list of sins. Salam with regards
  3. Asalamun Alaikum Mahdi Classes has quite disturbed the atmosphere of India, specially bombay. Everybody has different views regarding this classes i wanted to know is there some one who have studied in Mahdi Classes and can tell in detail regarding their syllabus because i heard many things 1. They give much importance to Imam Zamana (as) but not to Imam Husain (as). 2. Say Prophet Muhammed (saws) was an illiterate. 3. Are against Azadari the basic core of Shiasm. 4. and many more which i don't know.. I am not against Mahdi classes but i am not sure are they on the right track because so far i've not heard so. Salam
  4. Asalamun Alaikum I was wondering if someone could answer my question regarding Imam ali (as) saying, that i dicorved thrice to the world. How can one divorce unless and until he is not married? And thankyou in advance... Salam
  5. About Imam Ali (as)

    Salamun AlaikumWhen Muslims shia or non-shia prise Imam Ali (as) it makes us happy and cheerful. But when non-muslims praise or love Imam, then worthnoting is that Imam Ali has no boundaries in hearts also. He is loved by everyone who are the lovers of peace and harmony. Imam Ali (as) is the Conquerer of Hearts.
  6. If a blessing descends on you, then make it last by being grateful. - Imam Ali (as)
  7. Asalamun Alaikum There are a lot of Muslims who have not come to truly understand the real essence of Imam Ali (A.S). They think that the Shiahs over praise Imam Ali (A.S). Some have even developed bad feelings towards the Shiahs just because of our great respect for Imam Ali (A.S). Here, we have reproduced some of the quotations of non Muslims about Imam Ali (A.S) to see if it is true what they say that we over praise Imam (A.S). We leave it to the reader to judge. The big question is, “ are these none Muslims also over praising Imam (A.S)? Or are they also shiahs? The answer is simple and straightforward. No, they are not over praising him and they are not Shiahs. Please read on and find out what None Muslims say about Imam Ali (A.S). Imam 'Ali bin Abi Talib was the successor to Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon them both. This is a collection of short quotations about him from a wide variety of notable personalities belonging to other faiths, including academics, writers, philosophers, poets, politicians, and activists. Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) Scottish historian, critic, and sociological writer q “As for this young Ali, one cannot but like him. A noble-minded creature, as he shows himself, now and always afterwards; full of affection, of fiery daring. Something chivalrous in him; brave as a lion; yet with a grace, a truth and affection worthy of Christian knighthood.” [On Heroes, Hero-Worship, And The Heroic In History, 1841, Lecture 2: The Hero as Prophet. Mahomet: Islam. May 8, 1840)] Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) Considered the greatest British historian of his time q "The zeal and virtue of Ali were never outstripped by any recent proselyte. He united the qualifications of a poet, a soldier, and a saint; his wisdom still breathes in a collection of moral and religious sayings; and every antagonist, in the combats of the tongue or of the sword, was subdued by his eloquence and valour. From the first hour of his mission to the last rites of his funeral, the apostle was never forsaken by a generous friend, whom he delighted to name his brother, his vicegerent, and the faithful Aaron of a second Moses." [The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, London, 1911, volume 5, pp. 381-2] Philip Khuri Hitti (1886-1978) Professor of Semitic Languages at Princeton University q “Valiant in battle, wise in counsel, eloquent in speech, true to his friends, magnanimous to his foes, he became both the paragon of Muslim nobility and chivalry (futuwah) and the Solomon of Arabic tradition, around whose name poems, proverbs, sermonettes and anecdotes innumerable have clustered.” [History of the Arabs, London, 1964, p. 183] Sir William Muir (1819 - 1905) Scottish scholar and statesman Held the post of Foreign Secretary to the Indian government as well as Lieutenant Governor of the North-western Provinces. q “Endowed with a clear intellect, warm in affection, and confiding in friendship, he was from the boyhood devoted heart and soul to the Prophet. Simple, quiet, and unambitious, when in after days he obtained the rule of half of the Moslem world, it was rather thrust upon him than sought.” [The Life of Mahomet, London, 1877, p. 250] Dr. Henry Stubbe (1632-1676) Classicist, polemicist, physician, and philosopher q “He had a contempt of the world, its glory and pomp, he feared God much, gave many alms, was just in all his actions, humble and affable; of an exceeding quick wit and of an ingenuity that was not common, he was exceedingly learned, not in those sciences that terminate in speculations but those which extend to practice.” [An Account of the Rise and Progress of Mohammedanism, 1705, p. 83] Gerald de Gaury (1897 - 1984) A distinguished soldier and diplomat q “He had been wise in counsel and brave in battle, true to his friends and magnanimous to his foes. He was to be for ever the paragon of Muslim nobility and chivalry.” [Rulers of Mecca, London, 1951, p. 49] Wilferd Madelung Professor of Arabic at Oxford University q "In face of the fake Umayyad claim to legitimate sovereignty in Islam as God's Vicegerents on earth, and in view of Umayyad treachery, arbitrary and divisive government, and vindictive retribution, they came to appreciate his honesty, his unbending devotion to the reign of Islam, his deep personal loyalties, his equal treatment of all his supporters, and his generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies." [The succession to Muhammad: a study of the early caliphate, Cambridge, 1997, pp. 309-310] Charles Mills (1788 - 1826) Leading historical writer of his time. q “As the chief of the family of Hashem and as the cousin and son-in-law of him whom the Arabians respected …, it is apparently wonderful that Ali was not raised to the Caliphate immediately on the death of Mohammad. To the advantages of his birth and marriage was added the friendship of the Prophet. The son of Abu Talib was one of the first converts to Islamism and Mohammad’s favourite appellation of his was the Aaron of a second Moses. His talents as an orator, and his intrepidity as a warrior, were grateful to a nation in whose judgement courage was virtue and eloquence was wisdom.” [An history of Mohammedanism, London, 1818, p. 89] Simon Ockley (1678-1720) Professor of Arabic at the University of Cambridge q “One thing particularly deserving to be noticed is that his mother was delivered of him at Mecca, in the very temple itself; which never happened to any one else.” [History of the Saracens, London, 1894, p. 331] Washington Irving (1783-1859) Well-known as the “first American man of letters” q "He was of the noblest branch of the noble race of Koreish. He possessed the three qualities most prized by Arabs: courage, eloquence, and munificence. His intrepid spirit had gained him from the prophet the appellation of The Lion of God, specimens of his eloquence remain in some verses and sayings preserved among the Arabs; and his munificence was manifested in sharing among others, every Friday, what remained in the treasury. Of his magnanimity, we have given repeated instances; his noble scorn of everything false and mean, and the absence in his conduct of everything like selfish intrigue." [Lives of the Successors of Mahomet, London, 1850, p. 165] q "He was one of the last and worthiest of the primitive Moslems, who imbibed his religious enthusiasm from companionship with the Prophet himself, and followed to the last the simplicity of his example. He is honourably spoken of as the first Caliph who accorded some protection to Belles-Lettres. He indulged in the poetic vein himself, and many of his maxims and proverbs are preserved, and have been translated in various languages. His signet bore this inscription: 'The kingdom belongs to God'. One of his sayings shows the little value he set upon the transitory glories of this world, 'Life is but the shadow of a cloud - the dream of a sleeper'." [Lives of the Successors of Mahomet, London, 1850, pp. 187-8] Robert Durey Osborn (1835-1889) Major of the Bengal Staff Corps q “With him perished the truest hearted and best Moslem of whom Mohammadan history had preserved the remembrance.” [islam Under the Arabs, 1876, p. 120
  8. Asalamun Alaikum What Non-Muslims say about Imam Hussain (as) Think not of those who are slain in God's way as dead. Nay, they are living, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord (Qur'an 3:169) Imam Husayn was the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon them both, who was martyred by the evil forces of despotism. This is a collection of short quotations about him from a wide variety of Non-Muslim notables from around the world. 1. Reynold Alleyne Nicholson (1868-1945) Sir Thomas Adams Professor of Arabic at the University of Cambridge. "Husayn fell, pierced by an arrow, and his brave followers were cut down beside him to the last man. Muhammadan tradition, which with rare exceptions is uniformly hostile to the Umayyad dynasty, regards Husayn as a martyr and Yazid as his murderer." [A Literary History of the Arabs, Cambridge, 1930, p. 197] 2. Robert Durey Osborn (1835-1889) Major of the Bengal Staff Corps. "Hosain had a child named Abdallah, only a year old. He had accompanied his father in this terrible march. Touched by its cries, he took the infant in his arms and wept. At that instant, a shaft from the hostile ranks pierced the child's ear, and it expired in his father's arms. Hosain placed the little corpse upon the ground. 'We come from God, and we return to Him!' he cried; 'O Lord, give me strength to bear these misfortunes!' … Faint with thirst, and exhausted with wounds, he fought with desperate courage, slaying several of his antagonists. At last he was cut down from behind; at the same instance a lance was thrust through his back and bore him to the ground; as the dealer of this last blow withdrew his weapon, the ill-fated son of Ali rolled over a corpse. The head was severed from the trunk; the trunk was trampled under the hoofs of the victors' horses; and the next morning the women and a surviving infant son were carried away to Koufa. The bodies of Hosain and his followers were left unburied on the spot where they fell. For three days they remained exposed to the sun and the night dews, the vultures and the prowling animals of the waste; but then the inhabitants of a neighbouring village, struck with horror that the body of a grandson of the Prophet should be thus shamefully abandoned to the unclean beasts of the field, dared the anger of Obaidallah, and interred the body of the martyr and those of his heroic friends." [islam Under the Arabs, Delaware, 1976, pp. 126-7] 4. Sir William Muir (1819-1905) Scottish scholar and statesman. Held the post of Foreign Secretary to the Indian government as well as Lieutenant Governor of the Northwestern Provinces. "The tragedy of Karbala decided not only the fate of the caliphate, but of the Mohammedan kingdoms long after the Caliphate had waned and disappeared." [Annals of the Early Caliphate, London, 1883, pp. 441-2] 5. Peter J. Chelkowski Professor of Middle Eastern Studies, New York University. "Hussein accepted and set out from Mecca with his family and an entourage of about seventy followers. But on the plain of Kerbela they were caught in an ambush set by the … caliph, Yazid. Though defeat was certain, Hussein refused to pay homage to him. Surrounded by a great enemy force, Hussein and his company existed without water for ten days in the burning desert of Kerbela. Finally Hussein, the adults and some male children of his family and his companions were cut to bits by the arrows and swords of Yazid's army; his women and remaining children were taken as captives to Yazid in Damascus. The renowned historian Abu Reyhan al-Biruni states; "… then fire was set to their camp and the bodies were trampled by the hoofs of the horses; nobody in the history of the human kind has seen such atrocities." [Ta'ziyeh: Ritual and Drama in Iran, New York, 1979, p. 2] 6. Simon Ockley (1678-1720) Professor of Arabic at the University of Cambridge. "Then Hosein mounted his horse, and took the Koran and laid it before him, and, coming up to the people, invited them to the performances of their duty: adding, 'O God, thou art my confidence in every trouble, and my hope in all adversity!'… He next reminded them of his excellency, the nobility of his birth, the greatness of his power, and his high descent, and said, 'Consider with yourselves whether or not such a man as I am is not better than you; I who am the son of your prophet's daughter, besides whom there is no other upon the face of the earth. Ali was my father; Jaafar and Hamza, the chief of the martyrs, were both my uncles; and the apostle of God, upon whom be peace, said both of me and my brother, that we were the chief of the youth of paradise. If you will believe me, what I say is true, for by God, I never told a lie in earnest since I had my understanding; for God hates a lie. If you do not believe me, ask the companions of the apostle of God [here he named them], and they will tell you the same. Let me go back to what I have.' They asked, 'What hindered him from being ruled by the rest of his relations.' He answered, 'God forbid that I should set my hand to the resignation of my right after a slavish manner. I have recourse to God from every tyrant that doth not believe in the day of account.'" [The History of the Saracens, London, 1894, pp. 404-5] 7. Edward G. Brown Sir Thomas Adams Professor of Arabic and oriental studies at the University of Cambridge. "… a reminder of the blood-stained field of Kerbela, where the grandson of the Apostle of God fell at length, tortured by thirst and surrounded by the bodies of his murdered kinsmen, has been at anytime since then sufficient to evoke, even in the most lukewarm and heedless, the deepest emotions, the most frantic grief, and an exaltation of spirit before which pain, danger and death shrink to unconsidered trifles." [A Literary History of Persia, London, 1919, p. 227] 8. Ignaz Goldziher (1850-1921) Famous Hungarian orientalist scholar. "Ever since the black day of Karbala, the history of this family … has been a continuous series of sufferings and persecutions. These are narrated in poetry and prose, in a richly cultivated literature of martyrologies - a Shi'i specialty - and form the theme of Shi'i gatherings in the first third of the month of Muharram, whose tenth day ('ashura) is kept as the anniversary of the tragedy at Karbala. Scenes of that tragedy are also presented on this day of commemmoration in dramatic form (ta'ziya). 'Our feast days are our assemblies of mourning.' So concludes a poem by a prince of Shi'i disposition recalling the many mihan of the Prophet's family. Weeping and lamentation over the evils and persecutions suffered by the 'Alid family, and mourning for its martyrs: these are things from which loyal supporters of the cause cannot cease. 'More touching than the tears of the Shi'is' has even become an Arabic proverb." [introduction to Islamic Theology and Law, Princeton, 1981, p. 179] 9. Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) Considered the greatest British historian of his time. "In a distant age and climate the tragic scene of the death of Hosein will awaken the sympathy of the coldest reader." [The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, London, 1911, volume 5, pp. 391-2] 10. Thomas Carlyle has relayed this about the Tragedy of Karbala: "The best lesson which we get from the tragedy of Karbala is that Husain and his companions were the rigid believers of God. They illustrated that numerical superiority does not count when it comes to truth and falsehood. The victory of Husain despite his minority marvels me!" Salam with regards
  9. Asalamun Alaikum While others are clamoring over what to do when someone draws a cartoon or a picture of one of the prophets of Almighty God, (peace be upon them all), we decided it was time to show the "Real Picture of Muhammed". But as you read through the commentaries of others, you will be able to realize many hundreds of additional qualities of this man, Muhammad, peace be upon Him and His Family. Let's See What 12 Famous People Have Said About Muhammad (peace be upon him) Throughout the Centuries . . . 1. His complete biography has been authenticated and circulated amongst scholars around the world starting while he was still alive and continuing up until today. One of the first examples we quote from is from the Encyclopedia Britannica, as it confirms: (regarding Muhammad) ". . . a mass of detail in the early sources shows that he was an honest and upright man who had gained the respect and loyalty of others who were likewise honest and upright men." (Vol. 12) 2. Another impressive tribute to Muhammad, peace be upon him is in the very well written work of Michael H. Hart, "The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History." He states that the most influential person in all history was Muhammad, peace be upon him, with Jesus second. Examine his actual words: "My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular level." Michael H. Hart, THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York: Hart Publishing Company, Inc., 1978, page. 33. 3. While we are reviewing statements from famous non-Muslims about Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, consider this: "Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images; the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is Muhammad. As regards all standards by which human greatness may be measured, we may well ask, is there any man greater than he?" Lamartine, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp. 276-277. 4. And then we read what George Bernard Shaw, a famous writer and non-Muslim says: "He must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness." (The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936) 5. Then we found that K. S. Ramakrishna Rao, an Indian (Hindu) professor of Philosophy, in his booklet "Muhammad the Prophet of Islam" calls him the "perfect model for human life." Professor Ramakrishna Rao explains his point by saying: "The personality of Muhammad, it is most difficult to get into the whole truth of it. Only a glimpse of it I can catch. What a dramatic succession of picturesque scenes. There is Muhammad the Prophet. There is Muhammad the Warrior; Muhammad the Businessman; Muhammad the Statesman; Muhammad the Orator; Muhammad the Reformer; Muhammad the Refuge of Orphans; Muhammad the Protector of Slaves; Muhammad the Emancipator of Women; Muhammad the Judge; Muhammad the Saint. All in all these magnificent roles, in all these departments of human activities, he is alike a hero". 6. What should we think about our prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, when someone with the worldly status such as Mahatma Gandhi, speaking on the character of Muhammad, peace be upon him, says in 'YOUNG INDIA': "I wanted to know the best of one who holds today undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind... I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the Prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the great life." 7. English author Thomas Carlyle in his 'Heroes and Hero Worship', was simply amazed: "How one man single handedly, could weld warring tribes and wandering Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two decades." 8. And Diwan Chand Sharma wrote in "The Prophets of the East": "Muhammad was the soul of kindness, and his influence was felt and never forgotten by those around him" (D.C. Sharma, The Prophets of the East, Calcutta, 1935, pp. 12) Muhammad, peace be upon him, was nothing more or less than a human being, but he was a man with a noble mission, which was to unite humanity on the worship of ONE and ONLY ONE GOD and to teach them the way to honest and upright living based on the commands of God. He always described himself as, 'A Servant and Messenger of God' and so indeed every action of his proclaimed to be. 9. Speaking on the aspect of equality before God in Islam, the famous poetess of India, Sarojini Naidu says: "It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in the mosque, when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered together, the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: 'God Alone is Great'... I have been struck over and over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that makes man instinctively a brother." (S. Naidu, Ideals of Islam, vide Speeches & Writings, Madras, 1918, p. 169) 10. In the words of Professor Hurgronje: "The league of nations founded by the prophet of Islam put the principle of international unity and human brotherhood on such universal foundations as to show candle to other nations." He continues, "the fact is that no nation of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the realization of the idea of the League of Nations." 11. Edward Gibbon and Simon Ockley, on the profession of ISLAM, writes in "History of the Saracen Empires": "I BELIEVE IN ONE GOD, AND MAHOMET, AN APOSTLE OF GOD' is the simple and invariable profession of Islam. The intellectual image of the Deity has never been degraded by any visible idol; the honor of the Prophet have never transgressed the measure of human virtues; and his living precepts have restrained the gratitude of his disciples within the bounds of reason and religion." (History of the Saracen Empires, London, 1870, p. 54) 12. Wolfgang Goethe, perhaps the greatest European poet ever, wrote about Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. He said: "He is a prophet and not a poet and therefore his Koran is to be seen as Divine Law and not as a book of a human being, made for education or entertainment." (Noten und Abhandlungen zum Weststlichen Dvan, WA I, 7, 32) May Allah Bless Muhammed and His Family with His Choicest Blessings. Salam with Regards abdHusain (Dog of Imam Husain(as))
  10. How many a fleeting desire that lasts but an hour brings about enduring sorrow. - IMAM ALI IBNE ABU TALIB (as)
  11. Salam These are the questions posed by the christians towards Islam. If you know the answer please mail them at www.carmstuff@yahoo.com. Allah says in Quran 4.95 :"The holders back from among the believers, not having any injury, and those who strive hard in Allah's way with their property and their persons are not equal; Allah has made the strivers with their property and their persons to excel the holders back a (high) degree, and to each (class) Allah has promised good; and Allah shall grant to the strivers above the holders back a mighty reward". "Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and have disputations with them in the best manner; surely your Lord best knows those who go astray from His path, and He knows best those who follow the right way"16:125 Questions for Muslims Dear Muslim, I do not post these questions as a "proof" that Islam is false. I do not believe that is possible with a simple list of questions. Nevertheless, they are here to encourage discussion that the truth may be known. The Qur'an says "To those who believe and do deeds of righteousness hath Allah promised forgiveness and a great reward" (Surah 5:9). Question: Are you doing enough good deeds to receive salvation on the Day of Judgment? Question: Are you doing all you can or are you relaxing in your dedication to Allah? The Qur'an says, "O ye who believe! Turn unto Allah in sincere repentance! It may be that your Lord will remit from you your evil deeds and bring you into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, on the day when Allah will not abase the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their light will run before them and on their right hands; they will say: Our Lord! Perfect our light for us, and forgive us! Lo! Thou art Able to do all things," (66:8-9). Notice how it says if you are sincere you may receive forgiveness. Question: How do you know you are sincere enough to be forgiven of Allah? Question: Does it give you peace to know that even if you are very sincere that at best, you may receive forgiveness? Question: If you say that you know you are sincere enough in your repentance before Allah, how do you know you are not deceiving yourself? Question: Is your heart really good enough to muster enough sincerity before a Holy and Righteous God? Question: If you say yes, I honestly and humbly ask you, "Are you being prideful?" Question: If you say you are not being prideful, then are you boasting in your sincerity? In Christianity, Jesus is God in flesh who paid for our sins on the cross (1 Pet. 2:24). Because of that, we Christians are secure in Him and do not have to worry about doing enough good works to please God since we are saved by grace through faith in Him, (Eph. 2:8-9). Question: Why should we Christians give up our guarantee of salvation in Jesus for the requirements of your Qur'anic law when you yourselves don't even know if you have done enough good deeds to be saved on the Day of Judgment? The Bible says that God is love (1 John 4:16) and that He loves all people (Matt. 5:43-48; John 3:16). The Qur'an never says that "God is love." In fact, the Qur'an says that Allah does not love unbelievers (2:98; 3:32). Question: If Allah does not love unbelievers, can you say that Allah is love, especially if the Qur'an does not say it? Question: If you say yes, that Allah is love, then why does he only love the Muslims and not all people? Question: If you say Allah is love, is he more loving than the God of the Bible who loves all people? In the Bible, Jesus said in John 15:13, "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends." In Christianity, the greatest act of love is performed by God Himself -- since Jesus is God in flesh (John 1:1, 14; Col. 2:9). Jesus is the one who fulfilled His own words on this. He laid His life down for us. Question: What is the greatest act of love performed by Allah? Question: If what Jesus said is true, then hasn't someone besides Allah performed the greatest act of love? Question: Why do you, as a Muslim, want me to give up such a great love performed by God Himself (from a Christian perspective) for your belief in Allah who only loves people if they are Muslims? Islam teaches that the Holy Spirit is Gabriel. In the Bible, the Holy Spirit lives in the Christians. Question: If the angel Gabriel is the Holy Spirit, how can he dwell in us? (Note: According to the Nestle Aland Greek New Testament Textual Apparatus, there are no textual variations any of the following biblical references. They are recorded and transmitted to us accurately.) "Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been entrusted to you," (2 Tim. 1:14, NASB). "Do you not know that you are a temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?" (1 Cor. 3:16, NASB). Lying is okay? Question: Was Muhammad wrong for advocating lying? Is Lying okay? "Muhammad bin Maslama got up saying, "O Allah's Apostle! Would you like that I kill him [Ka'b bin Al-Ashraf]?" The Prophet said, "Yes," Muhammad bin Maslama said, "Then allow me to say a (false) thing (i.e. to deceive Kab). "The Prophet said, "You may say it," (Hadith Vol. 5, Book 59, #369). Question: Who is more holy, Allah or Yahweh? In the above quote from the hadith, Muhammad advocated lying. The Christian God would never approve of lying. Does the god of Islam approve of lying? If not, then wasn't Muhammad wrong? If he was not wrong, then Allah approves of lying. Which God is more holy? The God of Christianity is far more holy. May Allah (swt) grant us the strength to overcome our enemies.
  12. Ayatullah Sistani

    SalamI am so sorry to say that your views regarding that none should be believed except Alhe bayt (as) is totally wrong. Without Taqleed none of your deeds will acceptable in the view of Allah (swt) According to Hadith referred to Imam Ali Al - Hadi (tenth Imam) a.s. (Had there not been ulama during the occultation of the one who will rise from amongst us, those who defend the religion with evidence, and rescue the weak servants of Allah from the traps of Iblis and his army, and from being cheated by the enemies of Truth, every one would be an apostate. The role of Ulama is like the role of the Captain who is the undisputed master of a ship. They are the best in the eye of Allah Almighty) Bihar al Anwar Vol 2 - page 6. Without Taqlid how would you be able to find the authentic hadees and which are unauthentic.
  13. Important for all Muslims

    In response to my question at Carm, Mr Matt has responded me with a list of wars which took place in Islam. It's quite lengthy but interesting. Subject: Re: Factual Problems To: "Muhammed Raza" <abdhusayn@yahoo.co.in> You said, "Islam was never forced down nor Islam was spread by sword.' MATTS RESPONSE: If this is true, why cannot Christianity be preached in Muslim countries? According to the Qu'ran, what happens to Muslims who convert to Christianity? Before Islam, Jews and Christians lived side by side in Jerusalem and surrounding Israel. How did the Temple Mount area in Jerusalem fall into the hands of Muslims? Did the Muslims buy the lnad? Were any of the following conflicts started by non-Muslims? 624: Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Medina. 625: Battle of Uhud. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Medina. 626: Expedition of Banu Mustaliq. 627: Battle of the Trench. Killing and enslavement of Banu Quraiza Jews. 630: Conquest of Mecca. Battle of Hunayn. Battle of Auras. Siege of al-Ta'if. 631: Battle of Tabouk, Ghassanids 632: Death of Muhammad. Abu Bakr elected as Caliph. Battles of Zu Qissa.Battles of Zu Abraq. Battle of Buzakha. Battle of Zafar. Battle of Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Mosailima. 633: Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq.Battle of Kazima, Battle of Mazar, Battle of Walaja, Battle of Ulleis, Battle of Hirah, Battle of Anbar, Battle of Ein, Battle of Daumatul Jandal, Battle of Firaz. 634: Battle of Basra, Battle of Damascus, Battle of Ajnadin. Death of Abu Bakr. Umar ibn al-Khattab becomes the Caliph. Battle of Namaraq, Battle of Saqatia. 635: Battle of Bridge, Battle of Buwaib, Conquest of Damascus, Battle of Fahl. 636: Battle of Yarmuk, Battle of Qadsiyia, Conquest of Madain. 637: Conquest of Syria, Conquest of Jerusalem, Battle of Jalula. 638: Conquest of Jazirah. 639: Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt. 640: Battle of Babylon in Egypt. 641: Battle of Nihawand; Conquest of Alexandria in Egypt. 642: Battle of Rayy in Persia; Conquest of Egypt. 643: Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia). 644: Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran and Kharan. Death of Umar. Uthman ibn Affan becomes the Caliph. 646: Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia Minor. 647: Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cyprus. 648: Campaigns against the Byzantines. 651: Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines. 652: Disaffection against the rule of Uthman. 656: Uthman is killed. Ali ibn Abi Talib becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel. 657: Ali shifts the capital from Medina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. 658: Battle of Nahrawan. 659: Conquest of Egypt by Muawiyah I. 660: Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Muawiyah. Muawiyah I declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus. 661: Ali killed. Accession of Hasan bin Ali and his abdication. Muawiyah becomes the sole Caliph. 662: Kharijites revolts. 666: Raid of Sicily. 670: Advance in North Africa. Uqba bin Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul. 672: Capture of the island of Rhodes. Campaigns in Khurasan. 674: The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara becomes a vassal state. 677: Occupation of Samarkand and Tirmiz. Siege of Constantinople. 680: Death of Muawiyah. Yazid I becomes Caliph. Battle of Karbala and Husayn bin Ali is killed. 682: North Africa Uqba bin Nafe marches to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa. 684: Abd Allah ibn Zubayr declares himself as the Caliph at Mecca. Marwan I becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Marj Rahat. 685: Death of Marwan I. Abd al-Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada. 687: Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abd Allah ibn Zubayr. Mukhtar killed. 691: Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik. 692: The fall of Mecca. Death of ibn Zubayr. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph. 695: Kharijites revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz. Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. The Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish. 700: Campaigns against the Berbers in North Africa. 702: Ashath's rebellion in Iraq, battle of Deir ul Jamira. 711: Conquest of Spain, Sind and Transoxiana. 713: Conquest of Multan. 715: Death of Walid I. Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik beomes Umayyad Caliph. 716: Invasion of Constantinople. 725: The Muslims occupy Nimes in France. 732: The battle of Tours in France. 737: The Muslims meet reverse at Avignon in France. 740: Shi'a revolt under Zaid bin Ali. Berber revolt in North Africa. Battle of the Nobles. 741: Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa. 742: The Muslim rule restored in Qiarowan. 743: Death of Hisham. Al-Walid II becomes Umayyad Caliph. Shi'a revolt in Khurasan under Yahya bin Zaid. 744: Deposition of Walid II. Yazid III becomes Umayyad Caliph and his death. Ibrahim becomes Umayyad Caliph and his overthrow. Battle of Ain al Jurr. Marwan II becomes Umayyad Caliph. 745: Kufa and Mosul occupied by the Kharijites. 746: Battle of Rupar Thutha, Kufa and Mosul occupied by Marwan II. 747: Revolt of Abu Muslim in Khurasan. 748: Battle of Rayy. 749: Battle of lsfahan and Battle of Nihawand. Capture of Kufa by the Abbasids. As-Saffah becomes the Abbasid Caliph at Kufa. 750: Battle of Zab. Fall of Damascus. End of the Umayyads. 751: Conquest of Wasit by the Abbasid. Murder of the Minister Abu Salama. Battle of Talas with Tang Dynasty of China. 754: Death of As-Saffah. Accession of Al-Mansur as the Caliph. 755: Revolt of Abdullah bin Ali. Murder of Abu Muslim. Sunbadh revolt in Khurasan. 756: Abd-ar-rahman I founds the Umayyad state in Spain. 763: Foundation of Baghdad. Defeat of the Abbasids in Spain. 767: Khariji state set up by Ibn Madrar at Sijilmasa. Ustad Sees revolt in Khurasan. 772: Battle of Janbi in North Africa. Rustamid state set up in Morocco. 777: Battle of Saragossa in Spain. 792: Invasion of South France. 799: Suppression of the revolt of the Khazars. 800: The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa. Downfall of the Barmakids. Execution of Jafar Barmki. 805: Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cyprus. 809: Death of Harun al-Rashid. Accession of al-Amin. 814: Civil war between Amin and al-Ma'mun. Amin killed and Ma'mun becomes the Caliph. 815: Shi'a revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs. 816: Shi'a revolt in Mecca; Harsama quells the revolt. In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica. 818: The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Ibiza, Majorca, and Sardinia. 837: Revolt of the Jats. 838: Revolt of Babak in Azarbaijan suppressed. 839: Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily. 843: Revolts of the Arabs. 861: Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil; accession of al-Muntasir. 862: Muntasir poisoned to death; accession of al-Musta'in. 864: Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan bib Zaid. 866: Musta'in flies from Samarra, his depostion and accession of al-Mu'tazz. 867: Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan. 869: The Abbasid Caliph Mu'tazz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of al-Muhtadi. 870: Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death and accession of al-Mu'tamid. 874: Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr I. 897: Assassination of Abul Asakir Jaish; accession of Abu Musa Harun. 898: Qarmatians sack Basra. Assassination of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Said of Qarmatian; accession of Abu Tahir. 909: Ubaidullah overthrows the Aghlablds and founds the Fatimid rule in North Africa. 913: Assassination of the Samanid ruler Ahmad II, accession of Nasr II. 928: Mardawij bin Ziyar founds the Ziyarid rule in Tabaristan. 929: Qarmatians sack Mecca and carry away the Black Stone from the Kaba. In Spain, Abd-ar-rahman III declares himself Caliph of Cordoba. 935: Assassination of the Ziyarid ruler Mardawij; accession of Washimgir. Death of Hamdanid ruler Abdullah bin Hamdan accession of Nasir ud Daula. 936: By coup Ibn Raiq becomes the Amir ul Umara under Abbasid Caliph ar-Radi. 938: By another coup power at Baghdad is captured by Bajkam. 941: Assassination of Bajkam, capture of power by Kurtakin. 942: Ibn Raiq recaptures power in Baghdad. 943: Al Baeidi captures power. The Abbasid Caliph al-Muttaqi is forced to seek refuge with the Hamdanids. Sail ud Daula captures power at Baghdad and the Caliph returns to Baghdad. Power is captured by Tuzun and Sail ud Daula retires to Mosul. Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr II, accession of Hamid Nuh I. 944: al-Muttaqi is blinded and deposed, accession of al-Mustakfi. 968: Byzantines occupy Aleppo. Death of the Ikhshid ruler Malik Kafur; accession of Abul Fawaris. 969: The Fatimids conquer Egypt. 972: Buluggin bin Ziri founds the rule of the Zirids Algeria. 973: Shi'a Sunni disturbances in Baghdad; power captured in Baghdad by the Turkish General Subuktgin. 974: Abdication of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muti; accession of at-Ta'i. 975: Death of the Turk General Subuktgin. Death of the Fatimid Caliph al-Muizz. 976: The Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula recaptures power with the help of his cousin Azud ud Daula. Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur I, accession of Nuh II. In Spain death of the Umayyad Caliph al-Hakam II, accession of Hisham II. 978: Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula, power captured by Azud ud Daula. The Hamdanids overthrown by the Buwayhids. 986: The Buwyhid Sultan Samsara ud Daula overthrown by Sharaf ud Daula. 1001: Mahmud of Ghaznavid defeats the Hindu Shahis. 1004: Mahmud of Ghaznavid captures Bhatiya. 1005: Mahmud of Ghaznavid captures Multan and Ghur. 1008: Mahmud of Ghaznavid defeats the Rajput confederacy. 1010: Abdication of Hisham II in Spain. Accession of Muhammad II. 1011: In Spain Muhammad II is overthrown by Sulaiman II. 1012: In Spain power is captured by Bani Hamud. Death of the Buwayhid Baha ud Daula, accession of Sultan ud Daula. 1016: Death of the Zirrid ruler Nasir ud Daula Badis; accession of Al Muizz. 1018: In Spain power is captured by Abd-ar-Rahman IV. 1019: Conquest of the Punjab by Mahmud of Ghaznavid. 1020: The Buwayhid Sultan ud Daula is overthrown by Musharaf ud Daula, Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hakim, accession of Ali az-Zahir. 1024: In Spain assassination of Abd-ar-Rahman IV. 1029: In Spain death of Mustaft, accession of Hisham III. 1031: In Spain deposition of Hisham III, and end of the Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba. Death of the Abbasid Caliph al-Qadir, accession of al-Qa'im. 1040: Battle of Dandanqan, the Seljuks defeat the Ghazanavids. Deposition of Mas'ud I of Ghaznavid Sultan, accession of Mehmed of Ghaznavid. Al Moravids come to power in North Africa. 1041: The Ghaznavid Sultan Mehmed of Ghaznavid is overthrown by Mawdud. 1046: Basasiri captures power in Baghdad. 1055: Toghrül overthrows the Buwayhids. 1057: Basasiri recaptures power in Baghdad, deposes Al-Qa'im and offers allegiance to the Fatimid Caliph. 1059: Toghrül recaptures power in Baghdad, Al-Qa'im is restored as the Caliph. 1060: Ibrahim of Ghaznavid becomes the Sultan. Yusuf bin Tashfin founds the city of Marrakesh. The Zirids abandon their capital Ashir and establish their capital at Bougie. 1071: Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine emperor taken captive by the Seljuks. 1082: The A1 Moravids conquer Algeria. 1086: Battle of Zallakha. The Al Moravids defeat the Christians in Spain. Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Sulaiman, accession of Kilij Arsalan. 1091: The Normans conquer the island of Sicily; end of the Muslim rule. 1095: The first crusade. 1099: The crusaders capture Jerusalem. Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustarshid; accession of al-Rashid. Death of the Seljuk Sultan Toghrül II, accession of Mas'ud of Great Seljuk. 1135: Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Rashid, accession of Al-Muqtafi. 1144: Zengi captures Edessa from the Christians, second crusade. 1147: In the Maghrib Al Moravids overthrown by the Almohad under Abd al-Mu'min. 1171: Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Adid. End of the Fatimids. Saladin founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt. 1173: The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah. 1174: Saladin annexes Syria. 1175: The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks and occupy Ghazni. 1186: The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznavid in the Punjab. 1187: Saladin wrests Jerusalem from the Christians, third crusade. 1191: Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids. 1194: Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims. End of the Seljuk rule. 1199: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah; accession of Ala ud Din. Death of the Almohad ruler Yaqub, Almohad Caliph; accession of Muhammad an-Nasir. Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids. 1204: Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz Turks. 1210: Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan Mahmud, accession of Sam. Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak, accession of Aram Shah in India. 1211: End of the Ghurid rule, their territories annexed by the Khawarzam Shahs. In India Aram Shah overthrown by Iltutmish. 1212: Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in Spain, end of the Almohad rule in Spain. The Almohads suffer defeat by the Christians in Spain at the Las Navas de Tolosa. The Almohad Sultan Muhammad an-Nasir escapes to Morocco. 1213 Almohad Sultan Muhammad an-Nasir's death. Accession of his son Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph. 1216: The Marinids under their leader Abdul Haq occupy north eastern part of Morocco. The Almohad suffer defeat by the Marinids at the Battle of Nakur. 1217: The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle fought on the banks of the Sibu river. Abdul Haq is killed and the Marinids evacuate Morocco. 1223: Death of the Almohad ruler Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph, accession of Abdul-Wahid I, Almohad Caliph. In Spain a brother of Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph declares his independence and assumes the title of Al Adil ([[Abdallah, Almohad Caliph|]]). In Spain Abu Muhammad of Spain overthrows Al Adil. Al Adil escapes to Morocco and overthrows Abdul-Wahid I, Almohad Caliph. 1227: Assassination of the Almohad ruler Abdullah Adil, accession of his son, Yahya. 1229: Death of the Almohad ruler Yahya, accession of Idris I. The Ayyubid Al-Kamil restores Jerusalem to the Christians. Abu Muhammad of Spain dies in Spain and is succeeded by Al Mamun of Spain. Al Mamun invades Morocco with Christian help. Yahya is defeated and power is captured by Al Mamun. He denies the Mahdiship of Ibn Tumarat. 1244: The Almohad defeat the Marinids at the battle of Abu Bayash. The Marinids evacuate Morocco. 1245: The Muslims reconquer Jerusalem. 1246: Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud din Masud, accession of Nasir ud din Mahmud. 1248: Death of the Almohad ruler Ali, Almohad Caliph, accession of Umar, Almohad Caliph. Abu Said (??) attacks Tlemsen (??), but is ambushed and killed; accession of his son Murtada. 1250: The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy a greatar part thereof. 1258: The Mongols sack Baghdad. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Musta'sim. End of the Abbasid rule. The Mongols under Hulagu Khan establish their rule in Iran and Iraq with the capital at Maragah (???). Berek Khan the Muslim chief of the Golden Horde protests against the treatment meted out to the Abbasid Caliph and withdraw his contingent from Baghdad. 1260: Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria. The Mongols are defeated by theMamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the invincibility of the Mongols is broken. Baibars becomes the Mamluk Sultan. 1266: Death of Berke Khan, the first ruler of the Golden Horde to be converted to Islam. The eighth crusade: the crusaders invade Tunisia; failure of the crusade. 1267: Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia. Umar, Almohad Caliph seeks the help of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco. The Marinids drive away the Spaniards from Morocco. Assassination of Umar, Almohad Caliph; accession of Idris II, Almohad Caliph. 1269: Idris II, Almohad Caliph is overthrown by the Marinids, End of the Almohad. The Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu Yaqub. 1272: Death of Muhammad I of Granada the founder of the state of Granada. Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a reverse at the battle 1274: Death of Nasir al-Din Tusi. The Marinids wrest Sijilmasa from the Zayenids. Ninth crusade under Edward I of England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward returns to England. 1280: Battle of Hims. 1290: End of the slave dynasty in India Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji comes into power. Othman embarks on a career of conquest and by 1290 most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the Zayanids. 1299: Mongols invade Syria. The Marinids besiege Tlemsen the capital of the Zayanids 1301: In Bengal, Ruknuddin, the king of Bengal, dies and is succeeded by his brother Shamsuddin Firuz. 1305: In the Khilji Empire, Alauddin Khilji conquers Rajputana. 1306: In the Chagatai Khanate, Duwa dies and is succeeded by his son Konchek. 1307: In Morocco, the Marinid Sultan Abu Yaqub Yusuf is assassinated; Abu Thabit accedes to the throne. 1308: In the Chagatai Khanate, Konchek is deposed and Taliku takes power. In Algeria, Abu Zayyan Muhammad and is succeeded by his brother Abu Hammu Musa. In Morocco, Abu Thabit is overthrown by Abu'l-Rabi Sulayman. 1309: In the Chagatai Khanate, Taliku is assassinated and Kebek accedes. In Granada, Muhammad III is overthrown by his uncle Abul Juyush Nasr. 1310: In the Chagatai Khanate, Kebek is overthrown by his brother Isan Buga. In Morocco, Abu'l Rabi Sulayman is overthrown by Abu Said Uthman. In the Khiljis empire, Alauddin conquers the Deccan. 1312: In Tunisia, Abul Baqa is overthrown by Al Lihiani. 1313: The Ilkhanate invades Syria, but the Mongols are repulsed. In the Golden Horde Empire, Toktu dies and is succeeded by his nephew Uzbeg. 1314: In Kashmir, Rainchan, an adventurer from Baltistan, overthrows Sinha Deva the Raja of Kashmir. Rainchan is converted to Islam and adopts the name of Sadrud Din. In Granada, Abul Juyush is overthrown by his nephew Abul Wahid Ismail. 1315: In Tunisia, War breaks out between Bougie and Tunis; Lihani is defeated and killed. Abu Bakr becomes the ruler of Bougie and Tunis. 1316: In the Ilkhanate, Oljeitu dies and is succeeded by Abu Said. In the Khiljis Empire, Alauddin dies and Shahabuddin Umar accedes; Malik Kafur, a Hindu convert, usurps power. 1318: In the Khilji Empire, Malik Kafur is assassinated, Shahabuddin Umar is deposed, and Qutbuddin Mubarak accedes. In the Chagatai Khanate, Isan Buga is overthrown by Kebek. [edit] 1320: In the Khilji Empire, Qutbuddin Mubarak is assassinated; Khusro Khan, a Hindu convert, usurps power. Khusro Khan is overthrown by Ghazi Malik. End of the Khilji Dynasty. In Tunisia, Abu Bakr is expelled from Tunis by Abu Imran. In the Tughluq empire, Ghazi Malik founds the Tughluq dynasty. 1321: In the Chagatai Khanate, Kebek is succeeded by Hebbishsi, who is later overthrown by Duwa Timur. 1322: In the Chagatai Khanate, Duwa Timur is overthrown by Tarmashirin, who converts to Islam. In Bengal, Shamsuddin Firuz dies. The kingdom is divided into two parts. Ghiasuddin Bahadur becomes the ruler of East Bengal with the capital at Sonargaon, Shahabuddin becomes the ruler of West Bengal with the capital at Lakhnauti. 1325: In the Tughluq Empire, Ghazi Malik (Ghiasuddin Tughluq) dies and is succeeded by his son Muhammad Tughluq. In Granada, Abul Wahid Ismail is assassinated; he is succeeded by his son Muhammad IV, who is himself assassinated. His brother Abul Hallaj Yusuf accedes to the throne. In the Samudra Pasai empire, Malik al Tahir I dies and is succeeded by Malik al Tahir II. In Bengal, with the help of Ghiasuddin Tughluq, Nasiruddin over-throws Ghiasuddin Bahadur and unites Bengal. 1327: The Ottoman Turks capture the city of Nicaea. 1329: In the Tughluq empire, Muhammad Tughluq shifts the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in the Deccan. 1330: In the Chagatai Khanate, Tarmashirin dies and is succeeded by Changshahi. Amir Hussain establishes the Jalayar Dynasty at Baghdad. In Tunisia, Abu Bakr overthrows Abu Imran, and the state is again united under him. In Bengal, Muhammad bin Tughluq reverses the policy of his father and restores Ghiasuddin Bahadur to the throne of Sonargaon. 1335: In the Ilkhanate, Abu Said dies, and Arpa Koun assumes power. In the Chagatai Khanate, Changshahi is assassinated; Burun accedes to the throne. 1336: In the Ilkhanate, Arpa is defeated and killed, and Musa succeeds him. Amir Timur is born. In the Jalayar empire, Amir Hussain dies and is succeeded by Hasan Buzurg. The Ottoman Empire annexes the state of Karasi. In Bengal, the Tughluq governor at Sonargaon is assassinated by an armour bearer, who takes power and declares his independence; he assumes the name Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah. 1337: In the Ilkhanate, Musa is overthrown, and Muhammad becomes the Sultan. In the Sarbadaran Empire, on the disintegration of the II-Khan rule, Abdur Razaq a military adventurer establishes an independent principality in Khurasan with the capital at Sabzwar. In Persia, upon the disintegration of the Ilkhanate, Mubarazud Din Muhammad establishes the Muzaffarid Empire. In the Ottoman Empire, The Turks capture the city of Nicomedia. In Algeria, Algeria is occupied by Marinids. 1338: In the Ilkhanate, Muhammad is overthrown and succeeded by Sati Beg. Sati Beg marries Sulaiman who becomes the co-ruler. 1339: In Kashmir, Sadrud Din dies, and his throne is captured by a Hindu, Udyana Deva. In the Chagatai Khanate, Burun is deposed by Isun Timur. In Bengal, the Tughluq governor at Lakhnauti, Qadr Khan, is assassinated, and power is assumed by the army commander-in-chief, who declares his independence and assumes the title of Alauddin Ali Shah. 1340: The Muzaffarid Empire conquers Kirman. In the Chagatai Khanate, Isun Timur is deposed by Muhammad. 1341: In the Golden Horde empire, Uzbeg dies and is succeeded by his son Tini Beg. 1342: In the Golden Horde empire, Tini Beg is overthrown by his brother Jani Beg. 1343: In the Chagatai Khanate, Muhammad is overthrown, and power is captured by Kazan. In Bengal, Ilyas, an officer of Alauddin, murders his patron and captures the throne of West Bengal. 1344: In the Ilkhanate, Sulaiman is deposed by Anusherwan. 1345: In the Samudra Pasai Empire, Malik al Tahir II dies and is succeeded by Tahir III. His rule lasts throughout the fourteenth century. In Bengal, llyas captures East Bengal, and under him Bengal is again united. He establishes his capital at Gaur. 1346: In the Chagatai Khanate, Kazan is deposed by Hayan Kuli. In Tunisia, Abu Bakr dies and is succeeded by his son Fadal. In Kashmir, Udyana Deva dies and the throne is taken by Shah Mirza, who assumes the name of Shah Mir and founds the Shah Mir Dynasty. 1347: The Marinids capture Tunisia. In the Bahmanid Empire, Hasan Gangu declares his independence and establishes a state in the Deccan with the capital at Gulbarga. 1349: In Kashmir, Shah Mir dies and is succeeded by his son Jamsbed. In Algeria, The Zayanids under Abu Said Othman recapture Algeria. 1350: In the Sarbadaran Empire, a revolt erupts against Abdur Razaq. Power is captured by Amir Masud. In Tunisia, Fadal is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abu Ishaq. In Kashmir, Jamshed is overthrown by his step brother Alauddin Ali Sher. 1351: In the Marinid Empire, Abul Hasan dies, and is succeeded by Abu Inan. In the Tughluq Empire, Muhammad Tughluq dies and Firuz Shah Tughluq assumes power. 1352: The Marinids again capture Algeria. Abu Said Othman is taken captive and killed. 1353: The Ilkhanate ends. The Ottoman Empire acquires the fortress of Tympa on the European side of the Hollespoint. The Muzaffarids conquer Shiraz and establish their capital there. 1354: The Muzaffarids annex Isfahan. In Granada, Abu Hallaj Yusuf is assassinated; his son Muhammad V succeeds him. 1356: In the Jalayar Empire, Death of Hasan Buzurg, succession of his son Owaia. 1357: In the Golden Horde Empire, Death of Jani Beg, succession of Kulpa. 1358: In the Bahmanid Empire, Death of Hasan Gangu, accession of his son Muhammad Shah. In the Muzaffarid Empire, Death of Mubarazuddin Muhammad; accession of Shah Shuja. In the Marinid Empire, Assassination of Abu Inan, succession of Abu Bakr Said. In Bengal, Death of Ilyas, succession of his son Sikandar Shah. 1359: In the Ottoman Empire, Death of Orkhan, succession of Murad. In the Muzaffarid Empire, Shah Shuja deposed by his brother Shah Mahmud. In Tunisia, Abul Abbas a nephew of Abu Ishaq revolts and establishes his rule in Bougie. In Algeria, The Zayanids under Abu Hamuw II recapture Algeria. In the Marinid Empire, Abu Bakr Said overthrown by Abu Salim Ibrahim. In Granada, Muhammad V loses the throne in palace revolution, succeeded by Ismail. 1360: In the Muzaffarid Empire, Death of Shah Mahmud. Shah Shuja recaptures power. In the Chagatai Khanate, Power captured by Tughluq Timur. In Granada, Ismail overthrown by his brother-in-law Abu Said. 1361: In the Ottoman Empire, Murad conquers a part of Thrace and establishes his capital at Edirne(Hadriaunus) in Thrace. In the Golden Horde empire, Kulpa overthrown by his brother Nauroz. In the Marinid Empire, Abu Salim Ibrahim overthrown by Abu Umar. Abu Umar overthrown by Abu Zayyan. 1362: In the Golden Horde empire, State of anarchy. During 20 years as many as 14 rulers came to the throne and made their exit. In Granada, Abu Said overthrown by Muhammad V who comes to rule for the second time. In Kashmir, Death of Alauddin Ali Sher, succeeded by his brother Shahabuddin. 1365: In the Ottoman Empire, The Turks defeat the Christians at the battle of Matiza, the Byzantine ruler becomes a vassal of the Turks. 1366: In the Marinids empire, Assassination of Abu Zayyan, succession of Abu Faris Abdul Aziz. 1369: Power captured by Amir Timur. End of the rule of the Chughills. Amir Timur captures power in Transoxiana. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Ishaq. Succession of his son Abu Baqa Khalid. 1370: In Tunisia, Abu Baqa overthrown by Abul Abbas under whom the state is reunited. In the Sarbadaran empire, Death of Amir Masud, succession of Muhammad Timur. 1371: In the Ottoman Empire, Invasion of Bulgaria, Bulgarian territory up to the Balkans annexed by the Turks. 1372: In the Marinid Empire, Death of Abu Faris, succession of Abu Muhammad. 1374: In the Marinid Empire, Abu Muhammad overthrown by Abul Abbas. 1379: Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Bairam Khawaja found the independent principality of the Turkomans of the Black Sheep and established his capital at Van in Armenia. In the Bahmanids empire, Assassination of Daud; accession of Muhammad Khan. 1380: In the Golden Horde empire, Power is captured by Toktamish, a prince of the White Horde of Siberia. In Amir Timur's empire, Amir Timur crosses the Oxus and conquers Khurasan and Herat. Amir Timur invades Persia and subjugates the Muzaffarids and Mazandaran. 1381: In Amir Timur's empire, Annexation of Seestan, capture of Qandhar. 1384: In Amir Timur's empire, Conquest of Astrabad, Mazandaran, Rayy and Sultaniyah. In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Shah Shuja, accession of his son Zainul Abdin. In the Marinid Empire, Abul Abbas overthrown by Mustansir. Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Bairam Khawaja, succession of Qara Muhammad. 1386: In Amir Timur's empire, Annexation of Azarbaijan, Georgea overrun. Subjugation of Gilan and Shirvan. Turkomans of the Black Sheep defeated. In the Marinid Empire, Death of Mustansir, succession of Muhammad. 1387: In the Marinid Empire, Muhammad overthrown by Abul Abbas who comes to power for the second time. 1390: In the Tughluqs empire, Abu Bakr overthrow by Nasiruddin Tughluq. In Bengal, Death of Sikandar Shah, accession of his son Ghiasud. In the Burji Mamluks empire, The rule of the Burji Mamluks rounded by Saifuddin Barquq. 1391: In Amir Timur's empire, Annexation of Fars. In the Muzaffarid Empire, Annexation of the Muzaffarids by Amir Timur. In Granada, Death of Muhammad V, succession of his son Abu Hallaj Yusuf II. 1392: In the Jalayar empire, Death of Hussain, succession of his son Ahmad. In Granada, Death of Abu Hallaj ; succession of Muhammad VI. 1393: Amir Timur defeats Tiktomish, the ruler of the Golden Horde. Capture of the Jalayar dominions by Amir Timur. In the Marinid Empire, Death of Abul Abbas; succession of Abu Faris II. 1394: Amir Timur defeats the Duke of Moscow. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Nasiruddin Tugluq, accession of Alauddin Sikandar Shah. In Kashmir, Death of Qutbuddin. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Qara Othman established the rule of the White Sheep Turkomans in Diyarbekr. 1395: In the Golden Horde empire, Amir Timur defeated Toktamish and razes Serai to the ground. End of the rule of the Golden Horde. Annexation of Iraq by Amir Timur. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Sikandar Shah. Accession of Muhammad Shah. 1396: In the Amir Timur's empire, Destruction of Sarai, and of the rule of the Golden Horde. In the Sarbadaran empire, Principality annexed by Amir Timur. 1398: In the Amir Timur's empire, Campaign in India. In the Marinid Empire, Death of Abu Faris II. In the Tughluqs empire, Invasion of Amir Timur, Mahmud Shah escapes from the capital. In Morocco, Death of the Marinid Sultan Abu Faris II; succession of his son Abu Said Othman. 1399: In the Amir Timur's empire, Campaign in Iraq and Syria. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Saifuddin Barquq, succession of his son Nasiruddin in Faraj. 1400: In the Burji Mamluks Empire, the Mamluks lost Syria which was occupied by Timur the Lame. 1401: In the Golden Horde Empire, death of Timur Qutlugh, the ruler, installed by Timur the Lame. Accession of Shadi Beg. 1402: In the Ottoman Empire, defeat of Beyazid I at the Battle of Ankara, taken captive by Timur the Lame. 1403: In the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed I, the son of Beyazid, ascended the throne. 1420: In the Golden Horde Empire, Olug Moxammat was overthrown by Daulat Bairawi. Turkomans of the Black Sheep Empire, death of Qara Yusuf; succession of his son Qara Iskandar. In Morocco, assassination of Abu Said Othman; succession of his infant son Abdul Haq. 1421: In the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed I died; accession of his son Murad II. In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Al Muayyad died, succession of Muzaffar Ahmad. Muzaffar Ahmad was overthrown by Amir Saifuddin Tata, Saifuddin Tata died, succession of his son Muhammad. Muhammad was overthrown by Amir Barsbay. 1424: In the Golden Horde Empire, Daulat Bairawi died, succession of Berk. The Hafsida of Tunisia occupied Algeria. This state of affairs continued throughout the fifteenth century. 1425: In the Uzbegs Empire, Abul Khayr, a prince of the house of Uzbeg declared his independence in the western part of Siberia. 1427: In the Golden Horde Empire, Berk was overthrown by Olug Moxammat who took power for the second time. 1430: In the Uzbegs Empire, Abul Khayr occupied Khwarezmia. 1434: Turkomans of the Black Sheep Empire, Qara Iskandar was deposed; his brother Jahan Shah was installed. Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, death of Kara Osman, succession of his son Ali Beg. In Tunisia, Abul Faris died after a rule of forty years, succession of his son Abu Abdullah Muhammad. 1435: In Tunisia, Abu Abdullah Muhammad was deposed, Abu Umar Othman took power. 1438: In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Barsbay died, accession of his minor son Jamaluddin Yusuf; Yusuf was overthrown and the Chief Minister Saifuddin Gakmuk took power. Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Ali Beg was overthrown by his brother Hamza. 1439: In the Golden Horde Empire, Olug Moxammat withdrew from Sarai and founded the principality of Qazan. Said Ahmad I came to power in Sarai. 1440: Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Hamzawas overthrown by Jahangir, a son of Ali Beg. 1448: In the Ottoman Empire, the Second battle of Kossova resulted in the victory of the Turks. Serbia was annexed to Turkey and Bosnia became its vassal. 1449: In the Uzbegs Empire, Abul Khayr captured Farghana. In the Timurid Empire, Ulugh Beg died, succession of 'Abd al-Latif. 1450: In the Timurid Empire, assassination of 'Abd al-Latif, accession of Abu Sa'id. 1453: In the Ottoman Empire, Constantinople was captured by the Turks. Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Jahangir died; accession of his son Uzun Hassan. In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Gakmuk died. He was succeeded by his son Fakhruddin Othman. Othman was overthrown by the Mamluk general Saifuddin Inal. 1454: In the Ottoman Empire, attack against Wallachia, Wallachia became a vassal state of Turkey. 1456: In the Ottoman Empire, annexation of Serbia. 1461: In the Ottoman Empire, annexation of Bosnia and Herzogovina. In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Saifuddin Inal died and was succeeded by his son Shahabuddin Ahmad. Shahabuddin Ahmad was overthrown by the Mamluk general Saifuddin Khushqadam. 1462: In the Ottoman Empire, Annexation of Albania. 1465: In the Golden Horde Empire, Said Ahmad I died and was succeeded by his son Akhmat Khan. In Morocco, assassination of Abdul Haq. End of the Marinid rule. Sharif Muhammad al Jati took power. 1467: Turkomans of the Black Sheep Empire, Jahan Shah died, end of the rule of the Black Sheep Turkoman rule. Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Jahan Shah of the Black Sheep attacked the White Sheep. Jahan Shah was defeated and the Black Sheep territories annexed by the White Sheep. In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Khushqadam died, accession of his son Saifuddin Yel Bey. Yel Bey was deposed, the Mamluk general Temur Bugha took power. 1468: In the Uzbegs Empire, Abul Khayr died and was succeeded by his son Haidar Sultan. Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Uzun Hassan defeated the Timurids at the Battle of Qarabagh whereby the White Sheep became the masters of Persia and Khorasan. In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Temur Bugha was deposed, the Mamluk general Qaitbay took power. 1469: In the Timurid Empire, Abu Sa'id died, disintegration of the Timurid state. In Khorasan Husayn Bayqarah came to power and he ruled during the remaining years of the fifteenth century. 1472: In Morocco, Sharif Muhammad al Jati was overthrown by the Wattisid chief Muhammad al Shaikh who established the rule of the Wattisid dynasty. 1473: In the Ottoman Empire, war against Persia; Persians defeated. 1475: In the Ottoman Empire, annexation of Crimea. War against Venice. The Ottoman Empire became the master of the Aegean Sea. 1480: In the Golden Horde Empire, assassination of Akhmat Khan, succession of his son Said Ahmad II. 1481: In the Golden Horde Empire, Said Ahmad I1 was overthrown by his brother Murtada. In the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed II died, accession of Beyazid II. 1488: In the Uzbegs Empire, Haider Sultan died and was succeeded by his nephew Shaybani Khan. In Tunisia, Abu Umar Othman died after a rule of 52 years and was succeeded by Abu Zikriya Yahya. 1489: In Tunisia, Abu Zikriya Yahya was overthrown by Abul Mumin. 1490: In Tunisia, Abul Mumin was overthrown, Abu Zikriya Yahya took power again. 1493: Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Yaqub died, accession of his son Bayangir. 1495: Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Bayangir was overthown by his cousin Rustam. 1496: In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Qaitbay abdicated and was succeeded by his son Nasir Muhammad. 1497: Turkomans of the White Sheep Empire, Rustam was overthrown by Ahmad. Anarchy and fragmentation followed. 1498: In the Burji Mamluks Empire, Nasir Muhammad was deposed, Zahir Kanauh took power. 1499: In the Uzbegs Empire, Shayhani Khan conquered Transoxiana. In the Golden Horde Empire, Murtada died and was succeeded by Said Ahmad III. In the Ottoman Empire, the Turks defeated the Venetian fleet in the Battle of Lepanto. 1500: In the Burji Mamluks empire, Zahir Kanauh overthrown by Ashraf Gan Balat. 1501: Ismail I establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia, and the Twelve-Imam Shi'ism becomes the state religion. 1511: D'Albuquerque conquers Malacca from the Muslims. 1514: The Ottoman Sultan Selim I ("the Grim") defeats the Safavids,Ismail I. 1517: The Ottoman Sultan Selim I ("the Grim") defeats the Mamluks and conquers Egypt. 1520: The reign of Suleiman the Magnificent begins. 1526: Louis of Hungary dies at the Battle of Mohács. The Battle of Panipat in India, and the Moghul conquest; Babur makes his capital at Delhi and Agra. 1528: The Ottomans take Buda in Hungary. 1529: Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna. 1550: The architect Sinan builds the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul. The rise of the Muslim kingdom of Aceh in Sumatra. Islam spreads to Java, the Maluku Islands, and Borneo. 1568: Alpujarra uprising of the Moriscos in Spain. 1571: The Ottomans are defeated at the naval Battle of Lepanto, and their dominance in the Mediterranean is brought to a close. 1578: The Battle of Alcazarquivir at Alcazarquivir in Morocco. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. 1603: Battle of Urmiyah. The Ottoman Empire suffers defeat. Persia occupies Tabriz, Mesopotamia. Mosul and Diyarbekr. Death of Muhammad III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, accession of Ahmed I. 1623: In Turkey Mustafa recaptured power. 1625: In Turkey deposition of Mustafa, accession of Murad IV. 1641: Turks capture Azov. In Indonesia death of Iskandar II; accession of the Queen Tajul Alam. 1675: Execution of the Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur. In Indonesia death of the queen Tajul Alam, accession of the queen Nur ul Alam. 1683: The Turks lift the siege of Vienna and retreat. Kara Mustafa the Grand Vizier executed for the failure of the expedition. 1687: Golkunda annexed by the Mughals. Second battle of Mohads. Defeat of the Turks by Austria. Deposition of Muhammad IV. Accession of Suleiman II. 1700: Murshid Quli Jafar Khan declares the independence of Bengal and establishes his capital at Murshidabad. 1703: Ahmed III becomes the Ottoman Sultan. Birth of Shah Wali Ullah. Birth of the religious reformer Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab. 1711: War between Turkey and Russia. Russia defeated at the battle of Pruth. 1718: In the war against Austria, Turkey suffers defeat. By the treaty of Passarowich Turkey loses Hungary. 1722: Saadat Khan found the independent state of Oudh. Battle of Gulnabad between the Afghans and the Persians. The Persians were defeated and the Afghans under Shah Mahmud became the masters of a greater part of Persia. Shah Hussain taken captive, accession of Shah Tahmasp II. 1739: Persian ruler Nadir Shah sacks the Mughal capital of Delhi in India. 1747: Ahmad Shah established Afghan rule in Afghanistan. 1761: Death of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi. Battle of Panipat. Ahmad Shah Durrani came to India at the invitation of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi and smashed rising Maratha empire power in the Third Battle of Panipat. 1797: Russia occupied Daghestan. 1803: Shah Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud assassinated by a Shi'a fanatic. Shah Shuja proclaimed as King of Afghanistan. 1805: Saud bin Abdul Aziz captured Medina defeating the Ottoman Empire garrison. 1805: Faraizi movement launched in Bengal. Muhammad Ali appointed Pasha of Egypt by the Ottoman Empire. 1806: Khanate of Khiva came into limelight under the rule of Muhammad Rahim Khan. 1807: Darqawi sect revolted against Turkish domination. Tunisia repudiated suzerainty of Algeria. 1812: Medina fell to Egyptians. 1814: Iran executed treaty of alliance with the British known as the Definitive Treaty. Death of Saud bin Abdul Aziz. King Othman of Tunisia assassinated by his cousin Mahmud. 1816: British withdrew from Indonesia restoring it to the Dutch. 1828: Russia declared war against Turkey. 1830: French forces landed near Algiers and occupied Algeria ending 313 years rule of Turks. 1831: Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail leaders of Jihad movement in India fell fighting the Sikhs in Balakot. 1832: Turks defeated in the battle of Konya by Egyptian forces. Sayyid Said, King of Oman, shifted his capital to Zanzibar. 1839: Defeat of Turkey by the Egyptians in the battle of Nisibin. 1840: Quadruple Alliance by the European powers to force Egypt to relinquish Syria. British free occupied Aden. 1842: Amir Abdul Qadir, ousted from Algeria by the French. He crossed over to Morocco. Shah Shuja assassinated ending the Durrani rule in Afghanistan. 1847: Amir Abdul Qadir surrendred to France under the condition of safe conduct to a Muslim country of his choice but France violated its pledge and sent him as a captive to France. 1850: The Báb is executed by the Persian government. Táhirih, a renowned poetess and staunch advocate of Bábism also executed. 1857: British captured Delhi and eliminated Mughal rule in India after 332 years. Last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon in Burma. This was also the end of 1000 years of Muslim rule over India. 1859: Imam Shamil laid down arms before Russian forces and the Islamic State of Dagestan became a Russian province. 1860: Maulay Muhammad defeated by Spain. 1865: Khoqand State liquidated by Russia. 1879: Jamal al-Din al-Afghani exiled from Egypt. Treaty of Berlin. Ottoman lost 4/5 th of its territory in Europe. 1881: France invaded Tunisia and the Bey acknowledged supremacy of France as a result of the treaty of Bardo. Muhammad Ahmad declared himself Mahdi in northern Sudan. 1882: Egypt came under British military occupation. 1901: Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud captures Riyadh. French forces occupy Morocco. 1904: Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Conference of Algeciras. The Presian constitution is promoted. 1914: Under Ottoman rule, secret Arab nationalist societies are formed. World War I begins. The Ottoman Empire enters the war allied with Germany. 1916: Arab revolt against Ottoman (Turkish) rule. Lawrence of Arabia leads attacks on the Hejaz Railway. 1917: Britain issues the then-secret Balfour Declaration pledging British support for the creation of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine. 1918: After losing virtually their entire empire, the Ottomans capitulate on October 19 and sign the Armistice of Mudros with the Entente Powers on October 30. World War I ends on November 11. Syria and Damascus become a French protectorate. 1921: Abdullah I of Jordan in made King of Transjordan. His father was the Sharif of Mecca. Faisal I of Iraq is made King of Iraq. His father was the Sharif of Mecca. Abd al-Karim leads a revolt against colonial rule in Moroccan Rif, and declares the "Republic of the Rif". 1922: Mustafa Kemal abolishes the Turkish Sultanate, prompting the last Ottoman Sultan to flee Turkey; the 600 year-old Ottoman Empire officially ceases to exist. 1924: The Turkish Caliphate is abolished. King Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud conquers Mecca and Medina, which leads to the unification of the Kingdoms of Najd and Hejaz. 1925: Reza Khan seizes the government in Persia and establishes the Pahlavi dynasty. 1926: Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud assumes title of King of Najd and Hejaz. 1932: Iraq granted independence by League of Nations. 1934: War between King Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud and Imam Yahya of the Yemen. Peace treaty of Taif. Asir becomes part of Saudi Arabia. 1936: Increased Jewish immigration leads to widespread Arab-Jewish fighting in Palestine. 1939: World War II. 1941: British and Russian forces invade Iran and Reza Shah is forced to abdicate in favor of his son Mohammad Reza Shah in Iran. 1946: Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria are granted independence from Britain and France. 1947: Creation of Pakistan from Muslim-majority areas in India. First Indo-Pakistani War; Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan. 1948: Creation of state of Israel. Arab armies suffer defeat in war with Israel. 1949: Hasan al-Banna, leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, is assassinated. 1952: King Faruq of Egypt forced to abdicate. 1953: General Zahedi leads a coup against Mohammed Mossadegh, returning the Shah to power. Death of King Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia. The foundation stone is laid to enlarge the Prophet's mosque in Medina. 1954: Algerian War of Independence begins. 1965: Malcolm X is assassinated. The second Indo-Pakistani War results in a stalemate. 1967: Egypt attacks Isreal and Israel seizes control of Jerusalem, the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and the Sinai Peninsula after defeating combined forces from Egypt, Jordan, and Syria during the Six-Day War. 1969: King Idris of Libya is ousted by a coup led by Colonel Qadhdhafi. 1971: Bengalis in East Pakistan under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declare themselves independent of West Pakistan, prompting a heavy-handed military reprisal from Pakistani forces. India becomes involved in the conflict, resulting in the third Indo-Pakistani War. After a bloody struggle during which the Pakistani army commits numerous war crimes against Bengali civilians, Bangladesh comes into existence. 1973: King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is overthrown. 1975: Death of Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam among African Americans in North America. Warith Deen Muhammad assumes leadership of Nation of Islam and shifts movement toward Islamic Orthodoxy renaming it American Muslim Mission. 1978: Imam Musa Sadr is apparently assassinated after he disappears on a trip to Libya. He was the religious leader of the Lebanese Twelve-Imam Shi'ites. He promoted the resurgence of Shi'ites in Lebanon and set the foundation of Amal. 1979: The Shah leaves Iran on January 15, thus bringing the Pahlavi dynasty to an end. On 1 Muharram AH 1400/21 November, the first day of the 15th Islamic century, a group led by students of the Theological University of Medina led by Juhayman al-Otaibi attempt to promote one of their group as Mahdi and thus fulfill a certain prophetic Hadith: "A man of the people of Medina will go forth, fleeing to Mecca, and certain of the people of Mecca will come to him and will lead him forth against his will and swear fealty to him between the rukn (Black Stone corner of the Kaaba) and the Maqam Ibrahim." They hold the Haram of Mecca against the army for two weeks. Sixty-three of the 300 men are captured alive, the mosque is recovered, and the conspirators are all put to death. The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan. Egypt becomes the first Arab nation to recognize Israel. 1980: Beginning of the Iran-Iraq war. In a move not recognized internationally, Israel shifts its capitol to Jerusalem. 1981: Egyptian president Anwar Sadat is assassinated. 1982: Israel invades Lebanon, purportedly in response to repeated Katyusha rocket attacks originating in southern Lebanon directed at northern Israeli population centers. 1989: The Iran-Iraq war comes to an end following much loss of life. The Soviet Union withdraws the last of its forces from Afghanistan. Afghan mujahideen factions begin fighting each other. Death of Shia religious leader and Iranian head of state Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. 1990: Military annexation of Kuwait by Iraq, under Saddam Hussein, is reversed in 1991 by a coalition of United States-led forces in the Gulf War 1991: The Soviet Union collapses. Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, all predominantly Muslim former Soviet republics, become independent. 1992: The 400 year-old Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, India is destroyed by Hindu extremists. 1996: Taliban forces seize control of most of Afghanistan and declare the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. 1999: General Pervez Musharraf seizes control of Pakistan after a military coup against the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. 2000: Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip begin their second Intifada, prompted by Ariel Sharon's visit to a disputed religious site in Jerusalem holy to both Jews and Muslims. 2000: Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip begin the second Intifada, prompted by Ariel Sharon's visit to a disputed religious site in Jerusalem holy to both Jews and Muslims. 2001-2002: The Muslim world is shocked after members of Al Qaeda, an Islamist organization, pilot airplanes into two skys[Edited Out]ers, the Pentagon building in the United States on September 11, 2001. The United States subsequently invades Afghanistan and ousts the Taliban regime, which had given refuge to Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. Blessings! In Christ, Matt Paulson CARM
  14. Important for all Muslims

    Salam I am begining to feel that we are taking it very lightly in regards to defend our Islam. They are quoting such unauthentic Hadees at http://www.carm.org/islam.htm from Sahih Sitta such as: Angels stop asking Allah to forgive people when they pass wind. Allah's Apostle said, "The angels keep on asking Allah's forgiveness for anyone of you, as long as he is at his Mu,salla (praying place) and he does not pass wind (Hadath). They say, 'O Allah! Forgive him, O Allah! be Merciful to him." - Volume 1, Book 8, Number 436: Narrated Abu Huraira: When he enters the mosque he is considered in prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer and the angels keep on asking for Allah's forgiveness for him and they keep on saying: 'O Allah! Be Merciful to him, O Allah! Forgive him, as long as he keeps on sitting at his praying place and does not pass wind. (See Hadith No. 620). - Volume 1, Book 8, Number 466: Narrated Abu Huraira: or Satan touches people when they are born. The Prophet said, "When any human being is born. Satan touches him at both sides of the body with his two fingers, except Jesus, the son of Mary, whom Satan tried to touch but failed, for he touched the placenta-cover instead." Volume 4, Book 54, Number 506: Narrated Abu Huraira: Because of all this unrealistic and unimaginable things that are pointed towards Islam, those who want to and those who are fresh converts to Islam begin to doubt the truthness of Islam. May Allah (swt) hasten the reappearence of Our Saviour and Guide Imam Mahdi (as)
  15. Important for all Muslims

    SalamI understand that it was'nt Jihad but the quest to gain power in the name of Islam. It has nothing to do with islam and Ahle Bayt (as). This is what we have to teach them. May Allah (swt) grant us the ability and power to defend our religion in the sadqa of Imam Husain (as)