Ø Ramadhan- Solar Eclipse Abi Basir from Abi Abdullah (a.s.) that he said: “There will be a solar eclipse on the 5th of Ramadhan preceding the reappearance of the Qaim.” Page 104, Hadith 43 According to some scholars’ solar eclipse can be on 13th, 14th, 15th of Ramzan.
Ø Ramadhan- A voice from Sky Gabriel will announce Imam A.S will be reappearing in 3 months. Harith bin Mughaira from Abi Abdullah (a.s.) that he said: “The call from the sky shall be raised on the 23rd eve of Friday of the month of Ramadhan.” Page 101-102, Hadith 33
According to some scholars’ voice can be heard on 19th, 21th, 23th of Ramzan.
Zurarah from Abi Abdullah (a.s.) that he said: “A caller will call out in the name of the Qaim.” I asked: “Will it be for some people or for all?” He replied: “It would be for all. And every community will hear it in its own language.” I asked: “Would the opponents of Qaim be also called in his name?” “No,” he said: “For them Iblis will call out at the end of the night and put suspicion in the hearts of the people.”
Page102 Hadith 35
Ø Ramadhan- Lunar eclipse (chand gira'n) Ward from Abi Ja’far (a.s.) that he said: “Two signs will be seen before the reappearance: there will be a lunar eclipse for five days and there will be solar eclipse for fifteen days. Such a phenomenon has not taken place since the arrival of Adam (a.s.) on the earth. At that time the calculations of the astrologers will fail.” Page 104, Hadith: 41
According to some scholars Lunar eclipse can be on 24th, 25th of Ramzan.
Ø Zil Haj (10th)- Nafsa Zakiya (Killed between Kaba and Makam e ibrahim) AND/OR Zil Haj (30th) - Nafsa Zakiya (Muhammad bin Hassan be killed along with his brother and wife) Freed slave of Bani Azra that he said: I heard Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) say: “There will be only a gap of fifteen days between the rising of the Qaim of Aale Muhammad and the killing of the Pure Soul (Nafse Zakiyyah).”
Page 101, Hadith 30
Sufyan bin Ibrahim Jurairi that he heard his father say: “Nafse Zakiyyah (the pure soul) is a young man from the Progeny of Muhammad (s.a.w.s.), his name is Muhammad bin Hasan, who would be killed without any crime and sin and when they slay, him they shall neither have any excuse in the heavens nor would they have any friend in the earth. At that time the Almighty Allah will send the Qaim of Aale Muhammad with a group that in the view of the people would be softer than antimony. When they come out, the people will weep at their condition as they would think that they would very soon be eliminated at the hands of the enemies. However, the Almighty Allah will conquer the easts and the wests of the earth for them.
Know that they are the true believers. Know that the best of the Jihads shall be in the last period of time.” Page 113, Hadith 78 Ø Day of Ashura 9/10th Muharram (Friday or Sunday) - Imam (A.S) will himself announce that He (A.S) has reappeared. (Source is Majlis)
Ø 18 days after reappearance of Imam (A.S), Dajjal will appear from Palestine or India. (Source is Majlis)
Syed e Khorasani, Shueyb bin Saleh, Iran and Black flag.
There are many questions about the personality of Shueyb and Khorasani. The most important is his personality and whether the purpose of Khorasani in these narratives is specific person or means Iranian leader that will be at the time of Imam's appearance?
But the narratives about the Khorasani in the Sunni's sources and later in the Shiite's sources have been quoted clearly imply that the person is from children of Imam Hassan (AS) or Imam Hussein (AS) and he has been called Hashemi Khorasani and his physical attributes has been expressed and says that he has a bright face and a mark in his right check or right hand ... to end.
But the narratives that can be find in the primarily sources of Shiite about this person, maybe introduced him as a supporter of Khorasanians or leader of Khorasani people or chief commander of Khorasan's forces. Because these narratives have named him only "Khorasani" and not Hashemi Khorasani. But there are some available evidences that imply he will appear simultaneously with the exit of Sfyany and Yemeni and he sends his forces to Iraq to defeat Sfyany's forces.
Among some questions that are raised about these two characters, is whether both name of Khorasani and Shueyb are two symbolic names and not real? in the response we can say that: the narratives about Khorasani have not mentioned his name so there is no reason to consider it a password. Yes, we can say that his relationship to Khorasan does not mean that he most be from State of Khorasn, because in the beginning of Islam, Khorasan used to refer to all the East which include Iran and other Islamic regions that used to be under control of Soviet Union. So the person of Khorasani could be from any district in this range, and his relation to Khorasan is correct. And primary sources of Shiite do not indicate that he is Hassani or Hosseini as the narratives in the sources of our Sunni brothers have been expressed.
But about the Shueyb bin Saleh or Saleh bin Shueyb must say that narratives have mentioned some traits and features such as, he is young and skinny with thin beard. He has insight and certainly in his personality with great determination and supervision. He is an invincible man that can destroy the mountains in his way and passes... to end. Of course, there is a possibility of covering his name for his safety until God wants to do so. Also, it is possible that his name and the name of his father are similar to Shueyb and Saleh or something like that. Some narratives say that he is from Samarkand under occupation of Russia but most of narratives say that he is from Ray or is from tribe of Bani-Tamim or maybe part of Bani-Tamim named (Mahrom) or he is a servant from Bani-Tamim. Any way if this is correct, he should originally be from south of Iran, because there is still some tribes of Bani-Tamim or maybe from some tribes of Bani-Tamim who are living in the state of Khorasan since the beginning of Islam and today most of them became part of Iranians people and just a few village remains from them and are near Mashhad and speak Arabic or have relationship with Arabs.
Another question is about the time these two characters appear. In the first season we mentioned that apparently their appearance going to be simultaneous with exit of Sfyany and Yemeni in the year of appearance. Of course, it is possible that this narrative that says " the time between exiting Shueyb and handing over the official power to Imam is seventy-two months" could be true. So in this case the time appearance of Khorasani and Shueyb will be six years before the appearance of Imam Mahdi (AS). But the time between the starting the government of Imam's base providers (the Iranians) by the powerful hands of a man from Qom and appearance of Khorasani and Shueyb as we said before is unknown. Unless some mentioned signs and indications that could determine the time in general. Among these indications is a narrative about the city of Qom and its events such as global status, religious status of this city and also that " it is close to the appearance of Imam " and has quoted in the Bihar v. 60, p. 213...
There is a narrated from Imam Sadiq (AS) in Bihar v. 52, p. 243 has quoted that he said: "If I get to that time, I will keep myself for the master of this matter" and it is indicate that the time between appearance of Imam (AS) and establish of Eastern government and entering into a war with their enemies is not more then a normal life of human.Among narratives in this field, is a Hadith that was quoted from Bihar v. 52, p. 269:
"God will grant the power to a man from family of Prophet (PBUH) who rule them base on justice and guide the people. He does not accept bribe when he judge between people. I swear to God I know him, his name and his father's name, then that the big man with Short body who has a spot in his face as well as two other marks in his body's skin. He is a righteous leader that protects and guard over what god deposit with him. He will fill the world with the justice, like it was full of oppression."
The narrative implies that the government of Imam Mahdi (AS) began by the noble man from descendant of Prophet's family and that probably means, Imam Khomeini, or after his age and before the appearance of Imam, could be one or more persons because as we said the narrative is incomplete...So Seyed Khorasani, is the last person before appearance of Imam Mahdi (AS) who rules Iran or is contemporary with the last person who would be king of Iran.
And the last question is raised about the Sayed Khurasani is whether he has official or religious authority or a political leader beside a religious authority such as a president or one of the great companions and advisers of the authority who lead people?
What can be understand from the narratives about him, is that he is a great leader in the East, but the only possibility that remains is that he takes the political responsibility of the country base on the command from his great leader, which could be possible. God knows better.
And soon, we will mention some of the miracles and supernatural powers that God reveals by him and also the developing science during his time according to the narratives. Such as that, Imam chooses, "Sahleh", from the side of Karbala near Kufa for him and his family to live and some narratives been mentioned about this matter. Another thing about Imam is the long time that he stays in Iraq:
"Then he comes to Kufa and stay there until God wants so"
It look like the reason for his long staying, in addition to stabilizing the domestic situation in Iraq and choosing Iraq as the center of his government, is gathering all his assistances, especial companions from around the world in Iraq and organizing his military forces and sending them from Iraq to other territories, then among his army, move toward Quds to release it. Form Imam Baqir (AS) has been narrated that he said:
"when the up riser (Imam) enters the Kufa, no believer stays unless to be there or wanted to go there. And this is speech of commander of believers (Imam Ali) (AS) to his companions to move with them to destroy this tyrant(Sfyany"(1)
And also, he said:
"Now I can see the up riser (Imam Mahdi) in Najaf among five thousand angels came from Mecca to there while Gabriel (AS) is on his right side and Michael on his left side and believers moving in advance of him and he is spreading his forces around the cities"(2)
And in one narrative has expressed that:" Shueyb bin Saleh is his advance-guard"
He is the chief commander of Imam's forces. According to some narratives the first army that Imam will send to battle, will fight Turks. From bin-Hamad about this matter has quoted that:"Sfyany will fight with Turks, but their end will be by the hands of Imam Mahdi (AS) and that will be the first army that Imam will send to them" (3)
Nearly the same theme has mentioned in the book of Malahem and Faten from Ibn-Tavous, p. 52 that he quoted seventy pages or more of Ibn-Hamad in his book... we said in the section of Turks that the meaning of Turks in these narratives is unbelievers of Turks not their Muslims. In some narratives there are group of Turks or their brothers that perhaps means Russians.
It is narrated from Ahmad bin Hawza from Nahawandi from Abdullah bin Hammad from Sabbah Mazni from Harith bin Hasira from Ibne Nubatah from Amirul Momineen (a.s.) that he said:
“I heard Ali (a.s.) say: “As if I see the Persians setting up their pavilions in the mosque of Kufa and teaching people the Quran as it has been revealed!”
I said: “O Amirul Momineen, is the Quran not as it has been revealed?”
He said: “No, it is not. The names of seventy persons of Quraish have been removed from it. The name of Abu Lahab has been left (in the Quran) just to remind the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) of something, because he is the Prophet’s uncle.”
Black Flag: Please note black flag will emerge before 72 days or 72 months of reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s)
Abu Uthman from Jabir from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) that he said: “Those black flags will emerge from Khorasan and come upto Kufa. When Imam Mahdi (a.s.) reappears, they will be sent to give allegiance to him.”
Page 113, Haidth:77 Ghaibat Nomani: it is narrated from the same chains from Abdullah bin Hammad from Abdullah bin Sinan from Abi [Abdullah] Ja’far [bin Muhammad] that he said: “The Almighty Allah has fixed the time of the reappearance of Imam Zamana (a.s.) against the time fixed by the time-fixers. The flag of the Qaim is the same flag as that of the Prophet, which Jibraeel brought from the heavens in the Battle of Badr and he waved it during the battle.
Jibraeel said: “O Muhammad, by Allah, this flag is not of cotton, flax or silk.” I said: “Then what is it of?” He said: “It is of the leaves of Paradise. The Prophet (s.a.w.s.) spread it on the day of Badr and then he has folded it and gave it to Imam Ali (a.s.). It was still with Imam Ali (a.s.) until he spread it on the day of the battle of Jamal against the people of Basra and gained victory.
Then he folded and kept it safe. It is with us and no one is to spread it until the Qaim (a.s.) appears. When he appears, he will spread it and then everyone in the east and the west will curse it. Terror will move a month before it, a month behind it, a month on its right side and a month on its left side.”
Then he said: “O Abu Muhammad, he (the Qaim) will appear depressed and angry because of the anger of Allah with the human beings. He will appear wearing the Prophet’s shirt, which the Prophet put on in the battle of Badr, turban, armor and holding the Prophet’s sword Zulfiqar. He will unsheathe the sword for eight months. He will kill excessively.
He will begin with Bani Shaibah. He will cut their hands and will hang them on the Kaaba. Then his caller will call out: “These are the thieves of the Kaaba.” Then he will move to kill the people of Quraish. He will not leave anyone of them safe from his sword.
The Qaim (a.s.) will not appear except after that two books will have been read openly; one in Basra and the other in Kufa. By these books people will declare their immunity of (believing in) Ali (a.s.).”
Page:252-253, Hadith 129
Syed e Yamani
Ghaibat Tusi: It is narrated from Fazl from Saif bin Umaira from Bakr bin Muhammad Azdi from Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) that he said: “There will be three appearances in one year, one month and one day – the Sufyani, the Khurasani and the Yamani. The standard of guidance will not be among them, except the standard of the Yamani, because he will summon (people) to the truth.”
Ghaibat Tusi: It is narrated from Fazl from Ibne Faddal from Ibne Bukair from Muhammad bin Muslim that he said: “Misri and Yamani will appear before Sufyani.”
Page 106-107, Hadith 52, 53
He said: “The risings of Sufyani, Yamani and Khurasani will be in the same year, in the same month and on the same day. They will be like the beads of a rosary; one following the other. Sufferings will be from every side. Miserable will be whoever resists them. From among the three banners, only the banner of Yamani will be a banner of guidance, because he will invite to the mission of your man (the Qaim). When Yamani rises, he will forbid selling weapons for all of the people and for the Muslims as well. When Yamani rises, you are to join him, because his banner will be a banner of guidance. It is not permissible for any Muslim to turn away from him and whoever does so, will be in Hell, because Yamani will invite to the truth and to the straight path.”
Page127-128, Hadith 96
Syed e Hassani
Hasani is that elegant youth who will emerge from Dailam and with an eloquent power of speech that he has, he shall plead: ‘O Progeny of Muhammad! Please harken to call of the distressed ones.’ And this call will be issued from the Zari (perhaps the reference is to the Kaaba). Then divine treasures hidden in Taliqaan will harken to his call. These will not be treasures of gold and silver, but they will be strong men mounted on crimson horses and carrying weapons and slaying the oppressors they will reach Kufa, by this time most of the areas will be cleaned up and it will be a place of refuge for them.
Then the news of the reappearance of Mahdi (a.s.) will reach Sayyid Hasani and his companions. His companions shall ask: O son of the Prophet, who is this gentleman that has entered our boundaries? He will reply: “Come on, lets go and see who it is”, while by Allah, Sayyid Hasani would know that it is Mahdi, and he shall say that only so that they may recognize the companions of His Eminence. Then Hasani shall come out till he would reach the Mahdi (a.s.). Then he shall say: If you are the Mahdi of Aale Muhammad, where is the staff of your grandfather, the Prophet, his finger ring, his dress and coat of armor (Fazil)? Where is (Sahaab) his turban, Yarbu (his horse), Ghazba (his camel), Duldul his horse, Yafoor his donkey and the original horse of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.), Buraq and the Mushaf (scroll) of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)?
Then His Eminence will show him all these things. He would take up the staff of the Prophet and hit it upon a hard stone, it would instantly produce sparks. His aim by this is to show the greatness and excellence of Mahdi (a.s.) to his companions so that they pledge allegiance to him.
Then Sayyid Hasani would remark, “God is the Greatest (Allaahu Akbar), O son of the Prophet, give me your hand so that I may pledge allegiance to you. Mahdi (a.s.) will stretch out his hand. Sayyid Hasani and his companions will pay allegiance to him. But 40000 persons having the scroll, who will be known as Zaidiyyah, will not pay allegiance, saying: This is great magic.
The armies shall confront each other. Mahdi (a.s.) will come out towards the deviated group and dispense good counsel to them, inviting them towards himself, but they would persist in their infidelity and rebellion. His Eminence will order that they all be killed, and they shall be put to the sword.
Then Mahdi (a.s.) will say to his companions: Do not take their Qurans, leave it as it will cause them despair just as they have changed and tampered it and they have not acted according to it.”
Rise of Sufayni
Tafsir Qummi: It is narrated from Abul Jarud from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) regarding the verse:
“And could you see when they shall become terrified but (then) there shall be no escape…” (Surah Saba 34:51)
Imam (a.s.) said: “This terror will be from the sky and a sound will come from the sky.
“…and they shall be seized upon from a near place…” (Surah Saba 34:51)
He said: “That is the ground below their feet will split and they would sink into the earth.”
The author of Kashaf has narrated from Ibne Abbas that he said: “This verse was revealed about the splitting of the earth in the desert.”
It is narrated from Abu Hamza Thumali that he said: “I heard from Ali bin Husain and Hasan bin Hasan bin Ali both that it denotes the army of the desert which will sink into the punishment below their feet.”
Narrated to me Amr Bin Murra and Humran bin Ayyan and they from Mohajir Makki who says that he heard Lady Umme Salma (r.a.) say: the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) said: A seeker of refuge will take refuge in the Kaaba and an army will be sent to apprehend him. When that army reaches the desert of Medina, ground will split and the whole army will sink into it.
Huzaifah Yamani says that once the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) was explaining the mischief that would occur between the people of the east and the west. His Eminence, said: They would have been involved in this mischief when Sufyani will arise from the valley of Yabis and reach Damascus. Then he will send an army to the east and another to Medina and they will camp in Baghdad, the unlucky city of Babel and slay more than three hundred men and rape a hundred ladies. They will also eliminate three hundred men from Bani Abbas.
Then they will move to Kufa and plunder the surrounding areas. From there, they will turn to Shaam. At that time a standard of guidance will come out from Kufa and slay all of them, free all the prisoners and take booties in their possession. Another army will reach Medina and indulge in plunder and slaughter for three days.
After that the army will come out from there and set out for Mecca. When it reaches the desert, the Almighty Allah will send Jibraeel and order him to destroy all of them.
When Jibraeel arrives there and kicks the ground, it will split and the whole army will sink into it. Only two men from the tribe of Jahina will survive.
It is with regard to this that the Almighty Allah has said:
“And could you see when they shall become terrified but (then) there shall be no escape…” (Surah Saba 34:51)
Thalabi has also mentioned this report in his Tafsir.
And our associates have also narrated in the account of Imam Mahdi (a.s.) a similar report from Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) and Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.).
Page 83-85, Hadith: 11
Conquest of Imam (A.S)
1. He will conquer Constantinople, China and mountains of Dailam. He will remain doing that for seven years. Each year being ten of your years. Then Allah will do what He wishes.”
Page 233-234, Hadith 84 Muhammad bin Ja’far that Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said:
“When Qaim (a.s.) rises up, he will appoint a person in every province of the earth and tell him: If you ever be in a position when you cannot understand or you do not know that what judgment you should deliver, glance at the palm of your hand and act upon what is mentioned there. And he would dispatch an army to Constantinople. When it reaches the gulf they would write something with their feet and walk on the surface of the water. The people of Constantinople will say: They are the companions of one who walks on water, then what would be his own excellence? At that moment they would open up the gates of the city for them. They would enter the city and order whatever they desire.” Page 256-257, Hadith 144
2. He will conquer Rome, Daylam, Sind, India, Kabul and the area of the Caspian. Page 243, Hadith 99
3. Yaqub Sarraj that Abu Abdullah Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said:
“The Qaim will fight the people of thirteen cities and nations and they will fight him; Mecca, Medina, Basra, Dast Maysan, Shaam, the Umayyads, the Kurds, the Arab nomads, the people of the tribes of Dhabba, Ghaniy, Bahila, Azd and the people of Rayy (a town in Iran).”
Page 255, Haidth 136
Ø After defeat of Sufani, extreme Christian will rise against Imam (A.S), at that moment Hazrat Esha (A.S) will reappear and do treaty of 7 years with Christian community which they will break in 2 years. Due to which Hazrat Esha (A.S) will start a war against those Christian who will deny Him(A.S) and Imam(A.S)
Source (Majlis or Documentary)
Ø Hazrat Esha (A.S) will die after which Imam (A.S) will rule for 7 year each year will be like 10 years.
Source (Majlis or Documentary)
Ø Yajoj Majoj will destroy Kaba, which will later be rebuild by Imam e Zamana (A.S). Source (Majlis or Documentary)
Please Note: Majority of the Hadiths are quoted are referred from THE PROMISED MAHDI by Allamah Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi- English Translation of Biharul Anwar, Volume 13 (Old Edition)/Volumes 51-52-53 (New Edition) Kitabul Ghaibah – Book of Occultation Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) – the twelfth Imam of the Twelver Shia -Part II. Few of the details are mentioned from the lectures or documentary I have seen and noted those details on piece of paper. I tried to gather major details regarding Imam Mahdi (A.S) on one page to help people to get educated and analysis what is happening and what will happen in future. We should take benefit from the material given to us by Ahlul Bayth (A.S) and Ulmmas. Lastly, if I missed any important information, please add that information.