The majority of the Sunnis argue that the verse of purification(33:33) was reveled for the wives of the prophet. In this thread, I challenge the Sunnis to bring me one logical argument and valid evidence either from the Quran , or from sources accepted by both group in defense of their argument while I give a counter argument by trying to refute them from the Quran and their authentic Hadiths in proving that the wives are not from the purified Ahlulbayt and that this noble verse mentions,but instead revealed on behalf of Ali(as), Fatima(as), Hassan(as), and Hussien(as) to the prophet(pbuh).
Let's start of with the Quran and examine the context of the verse of the purification(33:33).
And stay quietly in your houses, and make not a dazzling display, like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular Prayer, and give regular Charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye Members of the Family, and to make you pure and spotless. (33:33)
The Sunnis argue that this aya was revealed for the prophet's wives, because, since Allah(swt) declared them to be unique, in a sense that, since they are wives of the best human to ever exist, being the prophet and declaring them as mothers of believers then this aya must be reveled for them to exalt their rank.(see previous ayas from the same surah for details on their argument)
There are many problems with this argument, because not only does it contradict the Quran but also the Hadiths narrated by the Sunnis themselves which clearly show that this aya was revealed on behalf of Ali(as), Fatima(as), Hassan(as) and Hussen(as) to the prophet(pbuh) only.
If this verse of purification was revealed upon the wives of the prophet, then Aisha would not be a hated figure among the Shia for waging war against Imam Ali(as). In other words, the battle between Imam Ali(as) and Aisha, was one of the biggest fitnas that occurred among the Muslims because it was the first battle where Muslims fought each other, and all because of the actions of Aisha. If Aisha was indeed, pure and spotless as the aya mentioned above, then she would have been more wise and known better than to wage war against the Khalifa of her time, because clearly, anyone purified by Allah(swt) does not commit any major mistakes, and in the case of Aisha, she has created one of the biggest fitnas in the Muslim Ummah that lead to the death of thousands of innocent Muslims and also for not recognizing the Khalifate of Imam Ali(as).
Nevertheless, here are authentic hadiths from their books with clear meanings that portray that this verse of purification was revealed only on behalf of Ali(as), Hassan(as), Hussien(as),Fatima(as) and not on behalf of the prophet's wives. In other words, the only Ahlulbayt mentioned in this aya that Allah(swt) has commanded to be purified, are Ali(as), Hassan(as), Hussien(as), Fatima(as) and not the wives of the prophet.
- (حدثنا) أبو بكر بن أبي شيبة ومحمد بن عبد الله بن نمير (واللفظ لأبي بكر) قالا حدثنا محمد بن بشر عن زكرياء عن مصعب بن شيبة عن صفية بنت شبية قالت قالت عائشة: خرج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم غداة وعليه مرط مرحل من شعر اسود فجاء الحسن بن علي فادخله ثم جاء الحسين فدخل معه ثم جاءت فاطمة فأدخلها ثم جاء على فادخله ثم قال إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا [صحيح مسلم (261 هـ) الجزء7 صفحة130
'A'isha reported that Rasoolallah went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel's hair that there came Hasan b. 'Ali. He wrapped him under it, then came Husain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (Hasan). Then came Fatima and he took her under it, then came 'Ali and he also took him under it and then said: Allah only desires to take away any uncleanliness from you, O people of the household, and purify you (thorough purifying)
[Sahih Muslim, Book 31 Number 5955]
In the context of this hadith, the prophet(pbuh) declared that the verse of purification was brought down upon his Ahlulbayt that were specified in this verse. Moreover, since the prophet only considered Ali(as), Fatima(as), Hassan(as) and Hussien(as), to be under the cloak in order to be purified by the command of Allah(swt) by saying "O people of the household, and purify you (thorough purifying",, then clearly this indicates that this verse of purification was brought down upon them only and not to every single household of the prophet such as the wives. With that being said, it can be logically concluded that since only Ali(as), Fatima(as), Hassan(as) and Hussien(as) were chosen by Allah(swt) to be purified then they have earned a unique and higher ranking than the rest of the believers and other members of the prophet's household by the will of Allah(swt), making them, more virtuous and higher ranking than the prophet's wives.
حدثنا قتيبة أخبرنا محمد بن سليمان بن الأصبهاني عن يحيى بن عبيد عن عطاء بن أبي رباح عن عمر بن أبي سلمة ربيب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لما نزلت هذه الآية على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ( إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويظهركم تطهيرا ) في بيت أم سلمة فدعا فاطمة وحسنا وحسينا فجللهم بكساء وعلى خلف ظهره فجلله بكساء ثم قال : اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا . قالت أم سلمة : وأنا معهم يا نبي الله قال أنت على مكانك وأنت على خير " هذا حديث غريب من هذا الوجه من حديث عطاء عن عمر بن أبي سلمة . [سنن الترمذي (279 هـ) الجزء5 صفحة30]
حدثنا قتيبة بن سعيد أخبرنا محمد بن سليمان بن الأصبهاني عن يحيى بن عبيد عن عطاء عن عمر بن أبي سلمة ربيب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال نزلت هذه الآية على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم (إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا) في بيت أم سلمة فدعا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فاطمة وحسنا وحسينا فجللهم بكساء وعلى خلف ظهره فجلله بكساء ثم قال : اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا . قالت أم سلمة وأنا معهم يا رسول الله ؟ قال أنت على مكانك وأنت إلى خير " . وفي الباب عن أم سلمة ومعقل بن يسار وأبى الحمراء وأنس بن مالك . هذا حديث غريب من هذا الوجه . [سنن الترمذي (279 هـ) الجزء5 صفحة328
When the verse "Verily Allah intends to ... (33:33)" was revealed to the Prophet (PBUH&HF) in the house of Umm Salama. Upon that, the Prophet gathered Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain, and covered them with a cloak, and he also covered Ali who was behind him. Then the Prophet said: "O' Allah! These are the Members of my House (Ahlul-Bayt). Keep them away from every impurity and purify them with a perfect purification." Umm Salama (the wife of Prophet) asked: "Am I also included among them O Apostle of Allah?" the Prophet replied: "You remain in your position and you are toward a good ending."
[Sunan al-Tirmidhi, v5, pp 351,663]
(the second hadith is also from the same volume in Sunan Al-Tarimithi with a very slightly different context as the first one but both give the same meaning)
(حدثنا) أبو بكر أحمد بن سلمان الفقيه وأبو العباس محمد بن يعقوب ( قالا ) ثنا الحسن بن مكرم البزار ثنا عثمان بن عمر ثنا عبد الرحمن بن عبد الله بن دينار عن شريك بن أبي نمر عن عطاء بن يسار عن أم سلمة قالت في بيتي نزلت إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت قالت فأرسل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إلى علي وفاطمة والحسن والحسين فقال هؤلاء أهل بيتي
هذا حديث صحيح على شرط البخاري ولم يخرجاه * [المستدرك للحاكم النيسابوري (405 هـ) الجزء3 صفحة146
When the verse: "Verily Allah intends to ... (33:33)" was revealed to the Prophet (PBUH&HF)" was revealed the prophet called upon Ali, Fatima, Hassan, Hussien and said: "These are my Ahlulbayt".
[Al-Mustadrak Lel Hakim Al-Nesaboori - Volume 3-Page 146- Hadith number 405 -Arabic version]This Hadith is considered Sahih by Muhamed Al-Bukhari
If anyone has anything else to add, then please do so.
Edited by PurifiedTruth, Yesterday, 07:50 PM.