According to Abraham Maslow's widely disseminated view, people start off with a need to fulfill physiological needs, and end up with the need to address psychosocial needs, such as self-esteem. What this and other psycho-sociological approaches to motivation lack is the desire for social equity and justice as a motivation for human behaviour.
That justice would be seen as a balance between the rights of individuals and their obligations.
In more modern times the view of such rights and obligations has been construed in terms of the rights of workers or the rights of owners of capital. And outside of industry and the workplace, contemporary problems have reckoned with, for example, the rights of unmarried mothers for social housing and care. But in this new environment there has been little consideration of their obligations. The stigma associated with different sexualities has been replaced with recognition of their rights, but again little about obligations.
The pendulum has swung from various groups having no rights at all to one where for a young girl having illegitimate children becomes a lifestyle choice and a rung on the economic ladder.
The essential problem has been to do with the left, for example, not recognising the obligations of workers and the right not recognising the obligations of capitalists. Or where such obligations are recognised they are presented in such undemanding terms that the perception of inequity remains.
Achieving equity is not on the agenda, rather different according to one model groups in society try and achieve their goals depending on their relative levels of power, the legitimacy of their claims and the urgency with which they need to be addressed. While this approach is realistic, recognising as it does the central importance of power, it is by the same measure not indicative of what people should strive for.
So, for me, the Islamic agenda is one of equity. It is about balancing rights and obligations of different social groups. It is one which transcends socio-economic-political dogma and philosophies and applies at all levels of society. It is that pursuit of equity that becomes an important motivating factor driving human endeavour.