بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم
اللهم صل علی محمد وال وعجل فرجهم والعن عادائهم
Ok, so as you probably know, I started reading Maurice Bucaille's book, The Quran, The Bible and Science about 2 weeks ago. Alhamdulillah I've found it very interesting, I am finished the first 3 parts of the book, with the section on ahadith the only remaining part. However, one of my first observations while reading was that I remembered and someone agreed with the comment of brother @hasanhh on my first blog post on this topic, which criticised the book for being too simplistic. His study on the Torah was only a criticism of the book of Genesis for its scientific flaws in regards to the stages of the creation of the earth and how the authenticity could have been altered over time. Still, I will comment on that part.
Now, on page 2 I think he highlights a fundamental flaw in the thinking of most Christians. Many (though I think SC Christians might be a little more knowledgeable) Christians have no idea that multiple copies of the Torah existed. Around 300 BC (The book l'ancien Testament by Professor Edmund Jacob is quoted on this page) 3 copies eisted of the Hebrew text. Unfortunately it's hard to compare to figure out which text is the original as our oldest Hebrew texts date to around the 9th Century AD (page 3).
Now here's the thing. The Torah, as a Holy text, has been collected (along with the Gospels) as an oral tradition at first. The Jewish people would sing these traditions which are recorded in the Bible. In Christian theology (and this is also a subject of discussion in Christian-Muslim debates conducted by polemicists such as Shabir Ally and Zakir Naik) that the Bible was not a revealed text. It's a text inspired by the Holy Spirit, to those Prophets who wrote them down. There are also collections of hymn's like the Book of Proverbs. I think it would be beneficial actually for a knowledgeable Christian like @LeftCoastMom to comment on this. Back to the subject of its authenticity, just like ahadith, since it's an oral tradition being passed on to compilers (Priests, in this case) if the compiler or the person passing on this tradition to the compiler is corrupt (like Abu Hurairah for example) then it's not hard for this collection to become a corrupt one.Let's refer to the Quran and see what it says in regards to the Bible, which I'm sure most are familiar with,
Sura 5:68 (Al-Maida)
"Say: 'People of the Book (Christians and Jews), you stand for nothing until you observe the Torah and the Gospel and that which is revealed to you from your Lord."
The word used in the Quran is inzila, from the root nzl. Different from the word for inspiration, which is from the root wahy. So the Quran recognizes that the Bible was revealed, just like the Quran, not inspired as Christian theology dictates.
I personally find this an interesting topic, whether or not the Torah is revealed or inspired. If we can get some Christians to engage in discussion with us in the comments that would be great and it would definitely be a good intellectual discussion for this website (happy @Jebreil???).
So, let us have a discussion on this. Was the Torah revealed or inspired. Bring proofs via verses of the Torah and Gospels, and Inshallah it'll be a good debate in the comments! I will add some of my findings onto my next blog post Inshallah Ta'ala, and also that post will be revolving around the Gospels
note: I will be out of the country from the 18th to 27th of July, so there may not be any update on this for a while. Inshallah I will be able to do some writing though.