So recently I have decided to delve into Arabic Grammar, primarily using Ibn Hisham's (d1360 AD) famous text, شرح قطر الندى وبل الصدى Sharh Qatr AlNada Wabl AlSada. This text is used throughout the Arabic and Islamic world, including in Hawzas in the Muqadamat stage of studies, and in Sunni Madrasas. The text focuses on Nahw (Arabic Syntax) which is concerned with the different cases of words, and how the ending of the word changes depending on the case. This contrasts with Sarf (Arabic morphology) which is concerned with the different forms of words in the Arabic language.
As the title of the blog suggests, this will be my notepad, and so there will generally be little explanation, and probably little translation of the Arabic text. This means that in order to follow you will have to know Arabic to a decent level.
Why bother? I generally don't like taking notes - it's tedious and time-consuming. But in the certain subjects it is a must, and Nahw is one of them. The point of this blog is to keep me motivated to continue. We will see how long that lasts! I welcome any corrections or suggestions.
Ibn Hisham begins his book by defining the كلمة Kalima, which is the building block of the Arabic language:
الكلمة قول مفرد
The Kalima is a singular utterance. This is its technical meaning in Nahw, although in language it can refer to complete sentences (eg Mu'minoon v100)
Examples he gives are رجل (man), فرس (horse).
The Kalima is divided into 3: